Browser support

Angular supports most recent browsers. This includes the following specific versions:

Chrome Firefox Edge IE Safari iOS Android IE Mobile
latest latest 14 11 10 10 Nougat (7.0)Marshmallow (6.0) 11
13 10 9 9 Lollipop(5.0, 5.1)
9 8 8 KitKat(4.4)
7 7 Jelly Bean(4.1, 4.2, 4.3)

Angular's continuous integration process runs unit tests of the framework on all of these browsers for every pull request, using SauceLabs and Browserstack.


Angular is built on the latest standards of the web platform. Targeting such a wide range of browsers is challenging because they do not support all features of modern browsers.

You compensate by loading polyfill scripts ("polyfills") for the browsers that you must support. The table below identifies most of the polyfills you might need.

The suggested polyfills are the ones that run full Angular applications. You may need additional polyfills to support features not covered by this list. Note that polyfills cannot magically transform an old, slow browser into a modern, fast one.

Enabling polyfills

Angular CLI users enable polyfills through the src/polyfills.ts file that the CLI created with your project.

This file incorporates the mandatory and many of the optional polyfills as JavaScript import statements.

The npm packages for the mandatory polyfills (such as zone.js) were installed automatically for you when you created your project and their corresponding import statements are ready to go. You probably won't touch these.

But if you need an optional polyfill, you'll have to install its npm package with npm or yarn. For example, if you need the web animations polyfill, you could install it with either of the following commands:

npm install --save web-animations-js
  yarn add web-animations-js

Then open the polyfills.ts file and un-comment the corresponding import statement as in the following example:

  * Required to support Web Animations `@angular/platform-browser/animations`.
  * Needed for: All but Chrome, Firefox and Opera. http://caniuse.com/#feat=web-animation
  import 'web-animations-js';  // Run `npm install --save web-animations-js`.

If you can't find the polyfill you want in polyfills.ts, add it yourself, following the same pattern:

  1. install the npm package
  2. import the file in polyfills.ts

Non-CLI users should follow the instructions below.

Mandatory polyfills

These are the polyfills required to run an Angular application on each supported browser:

Browsers (Desktop & Mobile) Polyfills Required
Chrome, Firefox, Edge, Safari 9+

ES7/reflect (JIT only)

Safari 7 & 8, IE10 & 11, Android 4.1+




Optional browser features to polyfill

Some features of Angular may require additional polyfills.

For example, the animations library relies on the standard web animation API, which is only available in Chrome and Firefox today. You'll need a polyfill to use animations in other browsers.

Here are the features which may require additional polyfills:

Feature Polyfill Browsers (Desktop & Mobile)

JIT compilation. Required to reflect for metadata.


All current browsers. Enabled by default. Can remove If you always use AOT and only use Angular decorators.


Web Animations

All but Chrome and FirefoxNot supported in IE9

If you use the following deprecated i18n pipes: date, currency, decimal and percent

Intl API

All but Chrome, Firefox, Edge, IE11 and Safari 10

NgClass on SVG elements


IE10, IE11

Http when sending and receiving binary data

Typed Array Blob FormData

IE 9

Suggested polyfills

Below are the polyfills which are used to test the framework itself. They are a good starting point for an application.

Polyfill License Size*


ES6 MIT 27.4KB
classList Public domain 1KB
Intl MIT / Unicode license 13.5KB
Web Animations Apache 14.8KB
Typed Array MIT 4KB
Blob MIT 1.3KB
FormData MIT 0.4KB

* Figures are for minified and gzipped code, computed with the closure compiler.

Polyfills for non-CLI users

If you aren't using the CLI, you should add your polyfill scripts directly to the host web page (index.html), perhaps like this.

<!-- pre-zone polyfills -->
  <script src="node_modules/core-js/client/shim.min.js"></script>
  <script src="node_modules/web-animations-js/web-animations.min.js"></script>
     * you can configure some zone flags which can disable zone interception for some
     * asynchronous activities to improve startup performance - use these options only
     * if you know what you are doing as it could result in hard to trace down bugs..
    // __Zone_disable_requestAnimationFrame = true; // disable patch requestAnimationFrame
    // __Zone_disable_on_property = true; // disable patch onProperty such as onclick
    // __zone_symbol__BLACK_LISTED_EVENTS = ['scroll', 'mousemove']; // disable patch specified eventNames

  <!-- zone.js required by Angular -->
  <script src="node_modules/zone.js/dist/zone.js"></script>

  <!-- application polyfills -->

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