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Cheat Sheet

Bootstrapping

import { platformBrowserDynamic } from '@angular/platform-browser-dynamic';

platformBrowserDynamic().bootstrapModule(AppModule);

Bootstraps the app, using the root component from the specified NgModule.

NgModules

import { NgModule } from '@angular/core';

@NgModule({ declarations: ..., imports: ..., exports: ..., providers: ..., bootstrap: ...})class MyModule {}

Defines a module that contains components, directives, pipes, and providers.

declarations: [MyRedComponent, MyBlueComponent, MyDatePipe]

List of components, directives, and pipes that belong to this module.

imports: [BrowserModule, SomeOtherModule]

List of modules to import into this module. Everything from the imported modules is available to declarations of this module.

exports: [MyRedComponent, MyDatePipe]

List of components, directives, and pipes visible to modules that import this module.

providers: [MyService, { provide: ... }]

List of dependency injection providers visible both to the contents of this module and to importers of this module.

bootstrap: [MyAppComponent]

List of components to bootstrap when this module is bootstrapped.

Template syntax
<input [value]="firstName">

Binds property value to the result of expression firstName.

<div [attr.role]="myAriaRole">

Binds attribute role to the result of expression myAriaRole.

<div [class.extra-sparkle]="isDelightful">

Binds the presence of the CSS class extra-sparkle on the element to the truthiness of the expression isDelightful.

<div [style.width.px]="mySize">

Binds style property width to the result of expression mySize in pixels. Units are optional.

<button (click)="readRainbow($event)">

Calls method readRainbow when a click event is triggered on this button element (or its children) and passes in the event object.

<div title="Hello {{ponyName}}">

Binds a property to an interpolated string, for example, "Hello Seabiscuit". Equivalent to: <div [title]="'Hello ' + ponyName">

<p>Hello {{ponyName}}</p>

Binds text content to an interpolated string, for example, "Hello Seabiscuit".

<my-cmp [(title)]="name">

Sets up two-way data binding. Equivalent to: <my-cmp [title]="name" (titleChange)="name=$event">

<video #movieplayer ...> <button (click)="movieplayer.play()"></video>

Creates a local variable movieplayer that provides access to the video element instance in data-binding and event-binding expressions in the current template.

<p *myUnless="myExpression">...</p>

The * symbol turns the current element into an embedded template. Equivalent to: <ng-template [myUnless]="myExpression"><p>...</p></ng-template>

<p>Card No.: {{cardNumber | myCardNumberFormatter}}</p>

Transforms the current value of expression cardNumber via the pipe called myCardNumberFormatter.

<p>Employer: {{employer?.companyName}}</p>

The safe navigation operator (?) means that the employer field is optional and if undefined, the rest of the expression should be ignored.

<svg:rect x="0" y="0" width="100" height="100"/>

An SVG snippet template needs an svg: prefix on its root element to disambiguate the SVG element from an HTML component.

<svg> <rect x="0" y="0" width="100" height="100"/></svg>

An <svg> root element is detected as an SVG element automatically, without the prefix.

Built-in directives

import { CommonModule } from '@angular/common';

<section *ngIf="showSection">

Removes or recreates a portion of the DOM tree based on the showSection expression.

<li *ngFor="let item of list">

Turns the li element and its contents into a template, and uses that to instantiate a view for each item in list.

<div [ngSwitch]="conditionExpression"> <ng-template [ngSwitchCase]="case1Exp">...</ng-template> <ng-template ngSwitchCase="case2LiteralString">...</ng-template> <ng-template ngSwitchDefault>...</ng-template></div>

Conditionally swaps the contents of the div by selecting one of the embedded templates based on the current value of conditionExpression.

<div [ngClass]="{'active': isActive, 'disabled': isDisabled}">

Binds the presence of CSS classes on the element to the truthiness of the associated map values. The right-hand expression should return {class-name: true/false} map.

Forms

import { FormsModule } from '@angular/forms';

<input [(ngModel)]="userName">

Provides two-way data-binding, parsing, and validation for form controls.

Class decorators

import { Directive, ... } from '@angular/core';

@Component({...})class MyComponent() {}

Declares that a class is a component and provides metadata about the component.

@Directive({...})class MyDirective() {}

Declares that a class is a directive and provides metadata about the directive.

@Pipe({...})class MyPipe() {}

Declares that a class is a pipe and provides metadata about the pipe.

@Injectable()class MyService() {}

Declares that a class has dependencies that should be injected into the constructor when the dependency injector is creating an instance of this class.

Directive configuration

@Directive({ property1: value1, ... })

selector: '.cool-button:not(a)'

Specifies a CSS selector that identifies this directive within a template. Supported selectors include element, [attribute], .class, and :not().

Does not support parent-child relationship selectors.

providers: [MyService, { provide: ... }]

List of dependency injection providers for this directive and its children.

Component configuration

@Component extends @Directive, so the @Directive configuration applies to components as well

moduleId: module.id

If set, the templateUrl and styleUrl are resolved relative to the component.

viewProviders: [MyService, { provide: ... }]

List of dependency injection providers scoped to this component's view.

template: 'Hello {{name}}'templateUrl: 'my-component.html'

Inline template or external template URL of the component's view.

styles: ['.primary {color: red}']styleUrls: ['my-component.css']

List of inline CSS styles or external stylesheet URLs for styling the component’s view.

Class field decorators for directives and components

import { Input, ... } from '@angular/core';

@Input() myProperty;

Declares an input property that you can update via property binding (example: <my-cmp [myProperty]="someExpression">).

@Output() myEvent = new EventEmitter();

Declares an output property that fires events that you can subscribe to with an event binding (example: <my-cmp (myEvent)="doSomething()">).

@HostBinding('class.valid') isValid;

Binds a host element property (here, the CSS class valid) to a directive/component property (isValid).

@HostListener('click', ['$event']) onClick(e) {...}

Subscribes to a host element event (click) with a directive/component method (onClick), optionally passing an argument ($event).

@ContentChild(myPredicate) myChildComponent;

Binds the first result of the component content query (myPredicate) to a property (myChildComponent) of the class.

@ContentChildren(myPredicate) myChildComponents;

Binds the results of the component content query (myPredicate) to a property (myChildComponents) of the class.

@ViewChild(myPredicate) myChildComponent;

Binds the first result of the component view query (myPredicate) to a property (myChildComponent) of the class. Not available for directives.

@ViewChildren(myPredicate) myChildComponents;

Binds the results of the component view query (myPredicate) to a property (myChildComponents) of the class. Not available for directives.

Directive and component change detection and lifecycle hooks

(implemented as class methods)

constructor(myService: MyService, ...) { ... }

Called before any other lifecycle hook. Use it to inject dependencies, but avoid any serious work here.

ngOnChanges(changeRecord) { ... }

Called after every change to input properties and before processing content or child views.

ngOnInit() { ... }

Called after the constructor, initializing input properties, and the first call to ngOnChanges.

ngDoCheck() { ... }

Called every time that the input properties of a component or a directive are checked. Use it to extend change detection by performing a custom check.

ngAfterContentInit() { ... }

Called after ngOnInit when the component's or directive's content has been initialized.

ngAfterContentChecked() { ... }

Called after every check of the component's or directive's content.

ngAfterViewInit() { ... }

Called after ngAfterContentInit when the component's view has been initialized. Applies to components only.

ngAfterViewChecked() { ... }

Called after every check of the component's view. Applies to components only.

ngOnDestroy() { ... }

Called once, before the instance is destroyed.

Dependency injection configuration
{ provide: MyService, useClass: MyMockService }

Sets or overrides the provider for MyService to the MyMockService class.

{ provide: MyService, useFactory: myFactory }

Sets or overrides the provider for MyService to the myFactory factory function.

{ provide: MyValue, useValue: 41 }

Sets or overrides the provider for MyValue to the value 41.

Routing and navigation

import { Routes, RouterModule, ... } from '@angular/router';

const routes: Routes = [ { path: '', component: HomeComponent }, { path: 'path/:routeParam', component: MyComponent }, { path: 'staticPath', component: ... }, { path: '**', component: ... }, { path: 'oldPath', redirectTo: '/staticPath' }, { path: ..., component: ..., data: { message: 'Custom' } }]);const routing = RouterModule.forRoot(routes);

Configures routes for the application. Supports static, parameterized, redirect, and wildcard routes. Also supports custom route data and resolve.

<router-outlet></router-outlet><router-outlet name="aux"></router-outlet>

Marks the location to load the component of the active route.

<a routerLink="/path"><a [routerLink]="[ '/path', routeParam ]"><a [routerLink]="[ '/path', { matrixParam: 'value' } ]"><a [routerLink]="[ '/path' ]" [queryParams]="{ page: 1 }"><a [routerLink]="[ '/path' ]" fragment="anchor">

Creates a link to a different view based on a route instruction consisting of a route path, required and optional parameters, query parameters, and a fragment. To navigate to a root route, use the / prefix; for a child route, use the ./prefix; for a sibling or parent, use the ../ prefix.

<a [routerLink]="[ '/path' ]" routerLinkActive="active">

The provided classes are added to the element when the routerLink becomes the current active route.

class CanActivateGuard implements CanActivate { canActivate( route: ActivatedRouteSnapshot, state: RouterStateSnapshot ): Observable<boolean>|Promise<boolean>|boolean { ... }}{ path: ..., canActivate: [CanActivateGuard] }

An interface for defining a class that the router should call first to determine if it should activate this component. Should return a boolean or an Observable/Promise that resolves to a boolean.

class CanDeactivateGuard implements CanDeactivate<T> { canDeactivate( component: T, route: ActivatedRouteSnapshot, state: RouterStateSnapshot ): Observable<boolean>|Promise<boolean>|boolean { ... }}{ path: ..., canDeactivate: [CanDeactivateGuard] }

An interface for defining a class that the router should call first to determine if it should deactivate this component after a navigation. Should return a boolean or an Observable/Promise that resolves to a boolean.

class CanActivateChildGuard implements CanActivateChild { canActivateChild( route: ActivatedRouteSnapshot, state: RouterStateSnapshot ): Observable<boolean>|Promise<boolean>|boolean { ... }}{ path: ..., canActivateChild: [CanActivateGuard], children: ... }

An interface for defining a class that the router should call first to determine if it should activate the child route. Should return a boolean or an Observable/Promise that resolves to a boolean.

class ResolveGuard implements Resolve<T> { resolve( route: ActivatedRouteSnapshot, state: RouterStateSnapshot ): Observable<any>|Promise<any>|any { ... }}{ path: ..., resolve: [ResolveGuard] }

An interface for defining a class that the router should call first to resolve route data before rendering the route. Should return a value or an Observable/Promise that resolves to a value.

class CanLoadGuard implements CanLoad { canLoad( route: Route ): Observable<boolean>|Promise<boolean>|boolean { ... }}{ path: ..., canLoad: [CanLoadGuard], loadChildren: ... }

An interface for defining a class that the router should call first to check if the lazy loaded module should be loaded. Should return a boolean or an Observable/Promise that resolves to a boolean.

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Licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution License 4.0.
https://angular.io/guide/cheatsheet