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  1. directive in module ng

Overview

ngPluralize is a directive that displays messages according to en-US localization rules. These rules are bundled with angular.js, but can be overridden (see Angular i18n dev guide). You configure ngPluralize directive by specifying the mappings between plural categories and the strings to be displayed.

Plural categories and explicit number rules

There are two plural categories in Angular's default en-US locale: "one" and "other".

While a plural category may match many numbers (for example, in en-US locale, "other" can match any number that is not 1), an explicit number rule can only match one number. For example, the explicit number rule for "3" matches the number 3. There are examples of plural categories and explicit number rules throughout the rest of this documentation.

Configuring ngPluralize

You configure ngPluralize by providing 2 attributes: count and when. You can also provide an optional attribute, offset.

The value of the count attribute can be either a string or an Angular expression; these are evaluated on the current scope for its bound value.

The when attribute specifies the mappings between plural categories and the actual string to be displayed. The value of the attribute should be a JSON object.

The following example shows how to configure ngPluralize:

<ng-pluralize count="personCount"
                 when="{'0': 'Nobody is viewing.',
                     'one': '1 person is viewing.',
                     'other': '{} people are viewing.'}">
</ng-pluralize>

In the example, "0: Nobody is viewing." is an explicit number rule. If you did not specify this rule, 0 would be matched to the "other" category and "0 people are viewing" would be shown instead of "Nobody is viewing". You can specify an explicit number rule for other numbers, for example 12, so that instead of showing "12 people are viewing", you can show "a dozen people are viewing".

You can use a set of closed braces ({}) as a placeholder for the number that you want substituted into pluralized strings. In the previous example, Angular will replace {} with {{personCount}}. The closed braces {} is a placeholder for {{numberExpression}}.

If no rule is defined for a category, then an empty string is displayed and a warning is generated. Note that some locales define more categories than one and other. For example, fr-fr defines few and many.

Configuring ngPluralize with offset

The offset attribute allows further customization of pluralized text, which can result in a better user experience. For example, instead of the message "4 people are viewing this document", you might display "John, Kate and 2 others are viewing this document". The offset attribute allows you to offset a number by any desired value. Let's take a look at an example:

<ng-pluralize count="personCount" offset=2
              when="{'0': 'Nobody is viewing.',
                     '1': '{{person1}} is viewing.',
                     '2': '{{person1}} and {{person2}} are viewing.',
                     'one': '{{person1}}, {{person2}} and one other person are viewing.',
                     'other': '{{person1}}, {{person2}} and {} other people are viewing.'}">
</ng-pluralize>

Notice that we are still using two plural categories(one, other), but we added three explicit number rules 0, 1 and 2. When one person, perhaps John, views the document, "John is viewing" will be shown. When three people view the document, no explicit number rule is found, so an offset of 2 is taken off 3, and Angular uses 1 to decide the plural category. In this case, plural category 'one' is matched and "John, Mary and one other person are viewing" is shown.

Note that when you specify offsets, you must provide explicit number rules for numbers from 0 up to and including the offset. If you use an offset of 3, for example, you must provide explicit number rules for 0, 1, 2 and 3. You must also provide plural strings for plural categories "one" and "other".

Directive Info

  • This directive executes at priority level 0.

Usage

  • as element:
    <ng-pluralize
      count=""
      when="string"
      [offset="number"]>
    ...
    </ng-pluralize>
  • as attribute:
    <ANY
      ng-pluralize
      count=""
      when="string"
      [offset="number"]>
    ...
    </ANY>

Arguments

Param Type Details
count stringexpression

The variable to be bound to.

when string

The mapping between plural category to its corresponding strings.

offset
(optional)
number

Offset to deduct from the total number.

Example

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Licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution License 4.0.
https://code.angularjs.org/1.6.8/docs/api/ng/directive/ngPluralize