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  1. $locationProvider
  2. service in module ng

The $location service parses the URL in the browser address bar (based on the window.location) and makes the URL available to your application. Changes to the URL in the address bar are reflected into $location service and changes to $location are reflected into the browser address bar.

The $location service:

  • Exposes the current URL in the browser address bar, so you can
    • Watch and observe the URL.
    • Change the URL.
  • Synchronizes the URL with the browser when the user
    • Changes the address bar.
    • Clicks the back or forward button (or clicks a History link).
    • Clicks on a link.
  • Represents the URL object as a set of methods (protocol, host, port, path, search, hash).

For more information see Developer Guide: Using $location

Dependencies

Methods

  • absUrl();

    This method is getter only.

    Return full URL representation with all segments encoded according to rules specified in RFC 3986.

    // given URL http://example.com/#/some/path?foo=bar&baz=xoxo
    var absUrl = $location.absUrl();
    // => "http://example.com/#/some/path?foo=bar&baz=xoxo"
    

    Returns

    string

    full URL

  • url([url]);

    This method is getter / setter.

    Return URL (e.g. /path?a=b#hash) when called without any parameter.

    Change path, search and hash, when called with parameter and return $location.

    // given URL http://example.com/#/some/path?foo=bar&baz=xoxo
    var url = $location.url();
    // => "/some/path?foo=bar&baz=xoxo"
    

    Parameters

    Param Type Details
    url
    (optional)
    string

    New URL without base prefix (e.g. /path?a=b#hash)

    Returns

    string

    url

  • protocol();

    This method is getter only.

    Return protocol of current URL.

    // given URL http://example.com/#/some/path?foo=bar&baz=xoxo
    var protocol = $location.protocol();
    // => "http"
    

    Returns

    string

    protocol of current URL

  • host();

    This method is getter only.

    Return host of current URL.

    Note: compared to the non-angular version location.host which returns hostname:port, this returns the hostname portion only.

    // given URL http://example.com/#/some/path?foo=bar&baz=xoxo
    var host = $location.host();
    // => "example.com"
    
    // given URL http://user:password@example.com:8080/#/some/path?foo=bar&baz=xoxo
    host = $location.host();
    // => "example.com"
    host = location.host;
    // => "example.com:8080"
    

    Returns

    string

    host of current URL.

  • port();

    This method is getter only.

    Return port of current URL.

    // given URL http://example.com/#/some/path?foo=bar&baz=xoxo
    var port = $location.port();
    // => 80
    

    Returns

    Number

    port

  • path([path]);

    This method is getter / setter.

    Return path of current URL when called without any parameter.

    Change path when called with parameter and return $location.

    Note: Path should always begin with forward slash (/), this method will add the forward slash if it is missing.

    // given URL http://example.com/#/some/path?foo=bar&baz=xoxo
    var path = $location.path();
    // => "/some/path"
    

    Parameters

    Param Type Details
    path
    (optional)
    stringnumber

    New path

    Returns

    stringobject

    path if called with no parameters, or $location if called with a parameter

  • hash([hash]);

    This method is getter / setter.

    Returns the hash fragment when called without any parameters.

    Changes the hash fragment when called with a parameter and returns $location.

    // given URL http://example.com/#/some/path?foo=bar&baz=xoxo#hashValue
    var hash = $location.hash();
    // => "hashValue"
    

    Parameters

    Param Type Details
    hash
    (optional)
    stringnumber

    New hash fragment

    Returns

    string

    hash

  • replace();

    If called, all changes to $location during the current $digest will replace the current history record, instead of adding a new one.

  • state([state]);

    This method is getter / setter.

    Return the history state object when called without any parameter.

    Change the history state object when called with one parameter and return $location. The state object is later passed to pushState or replaceState.

    NOTE: This method is supported only in HTML5 mode and only in browsers supporting the HTML5 History API (i.e. methods pushState and replaceState). If you need to support older browsers (like IE9 or Android < 4.0), don't use this method.

    Parameters

    Param Type Details
    state
    (optional)
    object

    State object for pushState or replaceState

    Returns

    object

    state

Events

  • $locationChangeStart

    Broadcasted before a URL will change.

    This change can be prevented by calling preventDefault method of the event. See $rootScope.Scope for more details about event object. Upon successful change $locationChangeSuccess is fired.

    The newState and oldState parameters may be defined only in HTML5 mode and when the browser supports the HTML5 History API.

    Type:

    broadcast

    Target:

    root scope

    Parameters

    Param Type Details
    angularEvent Object

    Synthetic event object.

    newUrl string

    New URL

    oldUrl
    (optional)
    string

    URL that was before it was changed.

    newState
    (optional)
    string

    New history state object

    oldState
    (optional)
    string

    History state object that was before it was changed.

  • $locationChangeSuccess

    Broadcasted after a URL was changed.

    The newState and oldState parameters may be defined only in HTML5 mode and when the browser supports the HTML5 History API.

    Type:

    broadcast

    Target:

    root scope

    Parameters

    Param Type Details
    angularEvent Object

    Synthetic event object.

    newUrl string

    New URL

    oldUrl
    (optional)
    string

    URL that was before it was changed.

    newState
    (optional)
    string

    New history state object

    oldState
    (optional)
    string

    History state object that was before it was changed.

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Licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution License 4.0.
https://code.angularjs.org/1.6.5/docs/api/ng/service/$location