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  1. service in module ng

The first time a template is used, it is loaded in the template cache for quick retrieval. You can load templates directly into the cache in a script tag, or by consuming the $templateCache service directly.

Adding via the script tag:

<script type="text/ng-template" id="templateId.html">
  <p>This is the content of the template</p>
</script>

Note: the script tag containing the template does not need to be included in the head of the document, but it must be a descendent of the $rootElement (IE, element with ng-app attribute), otherwise the template will be ignored.

Adding via the $templateCache service:

var myApp = angular.module('myApp', []);
myApp.run(function($templateCache) {
  $templateCache.put('templateId.html', 'This is the content of the template');
});

To retrieve the template later, simply use it in your component:

myApp.component('myComponent', {
   templateUrl: 'templateId.html'
});

or get it via the $templateCache service:

$templateCache.get('templateId.html')

See $cacheFactory.

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https://code.angularjs.org/1.6.5/docs/api/ng/service/$templateCache