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Setting the Environment (and Working With Proxies)

New in version 1.1.

It is quite possible that you may need to get package updates through a proxy, or even get some package updates through a proxy and access other packages not through a proxy. Or maybe a script you might wish to call may also need certain environment variables set to run properly.

Ansible makes it easy for you to configure your environment by using the ‘environment’ keyword. Here is an example:

- hosts: all
  remote_user: root

  tasks:

    - apt: name=cobbler state=installed
      environment:
        http_proxy: http://proxy.example.com:8080

The environment can also be stored in a variable, and accessed like so:

- hosts: all
  remote_user: root

  # here we make a variable named "proxy_env" that is a dictionary
  vars:
    proxy_env:
      http_proxy: http://proxy.example.com:8080

  tasks:

    - apt: name=cobbler state=installed
      environment: "{{proxy_env}}"

You can also use it at a play level:

- hosts: testhost

  roles:
     - php
     - nginx

  environment:
    http_proxy: http://proxy.example.com:8080

While just proxy settings were shown above, any number of settings can be supplied. The most logical place to define an environment hash might be a group_vars file, like so:

---
# file: group_vars/boston

ntp_server: ntp.bos.example.com
backup: bak.bos.example.com
proxy_env:
  http_proxy: http://proxy.bos.example.com:8080
  https_proxy: http://proxy.bos.example.com:8080

Working With Language-Specific Version Managers

Some language-specific version managers (such as rbenv and nvm) require environment variables be set while these tools are in use. When using these tools manually, they usually require sourcing some environment variables via a script or lines added to your shell configuration file. In Ansible, you can instead use the environment directive:

---
### A playbook demonstrating a common npm workflow:
# - Check for package.json in the application directory
# - If package.json exists:
#   * Run npm prune
#   * Run npm install

- hosts: application
  become: false

  vars:
    node_app_dir: /var/local/my_node_app

  environment:
    NVM_DIR: /var/local/nvm
    PATH: /var/local/nvm/versions/node/v4.2.1/bin:{{ ansible_env.PATH }}

  tasks:
  - name: check for package.json
    stat:
      path: '{{ node_app_dir }}/package.json'
    register: packagejson

  - name: npm prune
    command: npm prune
    args:
      chdir: '{{ node_app_dir }}'
    when: packagejson.stat.exists

  - name: npm install
    npm:
      path: '{{ node_app_dir }}'
    when: packagejson.stat.exists

You might also want to simply specify the environment for a single task:

---
- name: install ruby 2.3.1
  command: rbenv install {{ rbenv_ruby_version }}
  args:
    creates: '{{ rbenv_root }}/versions/{{ rbenv_ruby_version }}/bin/ruby'
  vars:
    rbenv_root: /usr/local/rbenv
    rbenv_ruby_version: 2.3.1
  environment:
    CONFIGURE_OPTS: '--disable-install-doc'
    RBENV_ROOT: '{{ rbenv_root }}'
    PATH: '{{ rbenv_root }}/bin:{{ rbenv_root }}/shims:{{ rbenv_plugins }}/ruby-build/bin:{{ ansible_env.PATH }}'

Note

environment: is not currently supported for Windows targets

See also

Playbooks
An introduction to playbooks
User Mailing List
Have a question? Stop by the google group!
irc.freenode.net
#ansible IRC chat channel

© 2012–2017 Michael DeHaan
© 2017 Red Hat, Inc.
Licensed under the GNU General Public License version 3.
https://docs.ansible.com/ansible/playbooks_environment.html