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http_request

Use the http_request resource to send an HTTP request (GET, PUT, POST, DELETE, HEAD, or OPTIONS) with an arbitrary message. This resource is often useful when custom callbacks are necessary.

Syntax

A http_request resource block sends HTTP requests with an arbitrary message. For example, send a DELETE request to 'http://www.chef.io/some_page?message=please_delete_me'.

http_request 'please_delete_me' do
  url 'http://www.chef.io/some_page'
  action :delete
end

The full syntax for all of the properties that are available to the http_request resource is:

http_request 'name' do
  headers                    Hash
  message                    Object # defaults to 'name' if not specified
  notifies                   # see description
  provider                   Chef::Provider::HttpRequest
  subscribes                 # see description
  url                        String
  action                     Symbol # defaults to :get if not specified
end

where

  • http_request is the resource
  • name is the name of the resource block
  • :action identifies the steps the chef-client will take to bring the node into the desired state
  • headers, message, provider, and url are properties of this resource, with the Ruby type shown. See “Properties” section below for more information about all of the properties that may be used with this resource.

Actions

This resource has the following actions:

:delete
Send a DELETE request.
:get
Default. Send a GET request.
:head
Send a HEAD request.
:nothing
Define this resource block to do nothing until notified by another resource to take action. When this resource is notified, this resource block is either run immediately or it is queued up to be run at the end of the chef-client run.
:options
Send an OPTIONS request.
:post
Send a POST request.
:put
Send a PUT request.

Properties

This resource has the following properties:

headers

Ruby Type: Hash

A Hash of custom headers. Default value: {}.

ignore_failure

Ruby Types: TrueClass, FalseClass

Continue running a recipe if a resource fails for any reason. Default value: false.

message

Ruby Type: Object

The message that is sent by the HTTP request. Default value: the name of the resource block See “Syntax” section above for more information.

notifies

Ruby Type: Symbol, ‘Chef::Resource[String]’

A resource may notify another resource to take action when its state changes. Specify a 'resource[name]', the :action that resource should take, and then the :timer for that action. A resource may notifiy more than one resource; use a notifies statement for each resource to be notified.

A timer specifies the point during the chef-client run at which a notification is run. The following timers are available:

:before
Specifies that the action on a notified resource should be run before processing the resource block in which the notification is located.
:delayed
Default. Specifies that a notification should be queued up, and then executed at the very end of the chef-client run.
:immediate, :immediately
Specifies that a notification should be run immediately, per resource notified.

The syntax for notifies is:

notifies :action, 'resource[name]', :timer
provider

Ruby Type: Chef Class

Optional. Explicitly specifies a provider.

retries

Ruby Type: Integer

The number of times to catch exceptions and retry the resource. Default value: 0.

retry_delay

Ruby Type: Integer

The retry delay (in seconds). Default value: 2.

subscribes

Ruby Type: Symbol, ‘Chef::Resource[String]’

A resource may listen to another resource, and then take action if the state of the resource being listened to changes. Specify a 'resource[name]', the :action to be taken, and then the :timer for that action.

A timer specifies the point during the chef-client run at which a notification is run. The following timers are available:

:before
Specifies that the action on a notified resource should be run before processing the resource block in which the notification is located.
:delayed
Default. Specifies that a notification should be queued up, and then executed at the very end of the chef-client run.
:immediate, :immediately
Specifies that a notification should be run immediately, per resource notified.

The syntax for subscribes is:

subscribes :action, 'resource[name]', :timer
url

Ruby Type: String

The URL to which an HTTP request is sent.

Examples

The following examples demonstrate various approaches for using resources in recipes. If you want to see examples of how Chef uses resources in recipes, take a closer look at the cookbooks that Chef authors and maintains: https://github.com/chef-cookbooks.

Send a GET request

http_request 'some_message' do
  url 'http://example.com/check_in'
end

The message is sent as http://example.com/check_in?message=some_message.

Send a POST request

To send a POST request as JSON data, convert the message to JSON and include the correct content-type header. For example:

http_request 'posting data' do
  action :post
  url 'http://example.com/check_in'
  message ({:some => 'data'}.to_json)
  headers({'AUTHORIZATION' => "Basic #{
    Base64.encode64('username:password')}",
    'Content-Type' => 'application/data'
  })
end

Transfer a file only when the remote source changes

remote_file '/tmp/couch.png' do
  source 'http://couchdb.apache.org/img/sketch.png'
  action :nothing
end

http_request 'HEAD http://couchdb.apache.org/img/sketch.png' do
  message ''
  url 'http://couchdb.apache.org/img/sketch.png'
  action :head
  if File.exist?('/tmp/couch.png')
    headers 'If-Modified-Since' => File.mtime('/tmp/couch.png').httpdate
  end
  notifies :create, 'remote_file[/tmp/couch.png]', :immediately
end

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https://docs.chef.io/release/12-13/resource_http_request.html