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Upgrading Android

This guide shows how to modify Android projects to upgrade from older versions of Cordova. Most of these instructions apply to projects created with an older set of command-line tools that precede the cordova CLI utility. See The Command-Line Interface for information how to update the version of the CLI.

Upgrading to 5.X.X

The best way to upgrade to 5.X.X is to simply remove the Android platform from your project and re-add it with the new version. For example,

cordova platform remove android
cordova platform add android@5.X.X

If you use the above method, be aware that any changes you made to the android platform folder will be lost (editing the contents of this folder is discouraged).

Alternatively, you may attempt to use the platform update script. For non-CLI projects, run:

bin/update path/to/project

For CLI projects:

  1. Update the cordova CLI version. See The Command-Line Interface.

  2. Run cordova platform update android@5.0.0 in your existing projects.

Upgrading Plugins for Android Marshmallow

Version 5.0.0 adds support for Android API level 23 (Marshmallow). Android Marshmallow introduced a new permissions model that may require you to update some installed plugins to ensure they are compatible with newer phones. Older plugin versions that do not properly handle permissions can cause your application to crash unexpectedly. Note that this does not affect every plugin, but only those that access Android permissions deemed dangerous (see the table of dangerous permissions).

The following core plugins are affected by this change and must be upgraded to be used with cordova-android 5.0.0+:

Plugin Minimum Compatible Version
cordova-plugin-camera 2.0.0
cordova-plugin-contacts 2.0.0
cordova-plugin-file 4.0.0
cordova-plugin-geolocation 2.0.0
cordova-plugin-media 2.0.0

For non-core plugins, you can verify if a plugin requests a dangerous permission by checking the plugin's plugin.xml file. If the plugin uses Android permissions, you will see entries in plugin.xml that declare them. For example:

<uses-permission android:name="android.permission.PERMISSION_NAME" />

Where PERMISSION_NAME is replaced with the name of an Android permission. The plugin.xml file can be found in the plugin's folder in your Cordova project (e.g. plugins/example-plugin/plugin.xml). Consult the documentation of any plugins using dangerous permissions to determine what steps need to be taken to ensure cordova-android 5.0.0+ compatibility.

Upgrading to 4.0.0

There are specific upgrade steps required to take advantage of the significant changes in 4.0.0. First, the common upgrade steps are needed as below.

For non-CLI projects, run:

bin/update path/to/project

For CLI projects:

  1. Update the cordova CLI version. See The Command-Line Interface.

  2. Run cordova platform update android@4.0.0 in your existing projects.

Upgrading the Whitelist

All whitelist functionality is now implemented via plugin. Without a plugin, your app is no longer protected by a whitelist after upgrading to 4.0.0. Cordova has two whitelist plugins, which provide different levels of protection.

  1. The cordova-plugin-whitelist plugin (RECOMMENDED)

    • This plugin is highly recommended, as it is more secure and configurable than the whitelist in previous versions
    • See cordova-plugin-whitelist for details on the configuration changes required
    • Run: cordova plugin add cordova-plugin-crosswalk-webview
  2. The cordova-plugin-legacy-whitelist plugin

    • This plugin provides the same whitelist behaviour as previous versions. See cordova-plugin-legacy-whitelist
    • No configuration changes are required, but it provides less protection than the recommended plugin
    • Run: cordova plugin add cordova-plugin-legacy-whitelist

Using the Crosswalk WebView

By default, your app will continue to use the system WebView provided by the device. If you wish to use the Crosswalk WebView instead, simply add the Crosswalk plugin:

cordova plugin add cordova-plugin-crosswalk-webview

Upon adding the plugin, your app will get the Crosswalk WebView installed and configured correctly.

Upgrading to the Splashscreen Plugin

If your app makes use of a splash screen, that functionality has been moved to a plugin. The configuration options for splash screens are unchanged. The only upgrade step required is to add the plugin:

cordova plugin add cordova-plugin-splashscreen

Upgrading to 3.7.1 from 3.6.0

For non-CLI projects, run:

bin/update path/to/project

For CLI projects:

  1. Update the cordova CLI version. See The Command-Line Interface.

  2. Run cordova platform update android in your existing projects.

Upgrading to 3.3.0 from 3.2.0

Follow the same instructions as for 3.2.0.

Starting with 3.3.0, the Cordova runtime is now compiled as an Android Library instead of a Jar. This should have no effect for command-line usage, but IDE users will need to import the newly added MyProject-CordovaLib project into their workspace.

Upgrading to 3.2.0 from 3.1.0

For projects that were created with the cordova CLI:

  1. Update the cordova CLI version. See The Command-Line Interface.

  2. Run cordova platform update android

For projects not created with the cordova CLI, run:

bin/update <project_path>

WARNING: On Android 4.4 - Android 4.4.3, creating a file input element with type="file" will not open the file picker dialog. This is a regression with Chromium on Android and the problem can be reproduced in the standalone Chrome browser on Android (see http://code.google.com/p/android/issues/detail?id=62220) The suggested workaround is to use the FileTransfer and File plugins for Android 4.4. You can listen for an onClick event from the input type="file" and then pop up a file picker UI. In order to tie the form data with the upload, you can use JavaScript to attach form values to the multi-part POST request that FileTransfer makes.

Upgrading to 3.1.0 from 3.0.0

For projects that were created with the cordova CLI:

  1. Update the cordova CLI version. See The Command-Line Interface.

  2. Run cordova platform update android

For projects not created with the cordova CLI, run:

bin/update <project_path>

Upgrade to the CLI (3.0.0) from 2.9.0

  1. Create a new Apache Cordova 3.0.0 project using the cordova CLI, as described in The Command-Line Interface.

  2. Add your platforms the cordova project, for example: cordova platform add android.

  3. Copy the contents of your project's www directory to the www directory at the root of the cordova project you just created.

  4. Copy any native assets from your old project into the appropriate directories under platforms/android: this directory is where your native cordova-android project exists.

  5. Use the cordova CLI tool to install any plugins you need. Note that the CLI handles all core APIs as plugins, so they may need to be added. Only 3.0.0 plugins are compatible with the CLI.

Upgrade to 3.0.0 from 2.9.0

  1. Create a new Apache Cordova Android project.

  2. Copy the contents of the www directory to the new project.

  3. Copy any native Android assets from the res directory to the new project.

  4. Copy over any plugins you installed from the src subdirectories into the new project.

  5. Make sure to upgrade any deprecated <plugin> references from your old config.xml file to the new <feature> specification.

  6. Update any references to the org.apache.cordova.api package to be org.apache.cordova.

NOTE: all core APIs have been removed and must be installed as plugins. Please see the Using Plugman to Manage Plugins Guide for details.

Upgrade to 2.9.0 from 2.8.0

  1. Run bin/update <project_path>.

Upgrade to 2.8.0 from 2.7.0

  1. Remove cordova-2.7.0.jar from the project's libs directory.

  2. Add cordova-2.8.0.jar to the project's libs directory.

  3. If you use Eclipse, please refresh your Eclipse project and do a clean.

  1. Copy the new cordova.js into your project.

  2. Update your HTML to use the new cordova.js file.

  3. Copy the res/xml/config.xml file to match framework/res/xml/config.xml.

  4. Update framework/res/xml/config.xml to have similar settings as it did previously.

  5. Copy files from bin/templates/cordova to the project's cordova directory.

Upgrade to 2.7.0 from 2.6.0

  1. Remove cordova-2.6.0.jar from the project's libs directory.

  2. Add cordova-2.7.0.jar to the project's libs directory.

  3. If you use Eclipse, please refresh your Eclipse project and do a clean.

  4. Copy the new cordova-2.7.0.js into your project.

  5. Update your HTML to use the new cordova-2.7.0.js file.

  6. Copy the res/xml/config.xml to match framework/res/xml/config.xml.

  7. Update framework/res/xml/config.xml to have similar settings as it did previously.

  8. Copy files from bin/templates/cordova to the project's cordova directory.

Upgrade to 2.6.0 from 2.5.0

  1. Remove cordova-2.5.0.jar from the project's libs directory.

  2. Add cordova-2.6.0.jar to the project's libs directory.

  3. If you use Eclipse, please refresh your Eclipse project and do a clean.

  4. Copy the new cordova-2.6.0.js into your project.

  5. Update your HTML to use the new cordova-2.6.0.js file.

  6. Copy the res/xml/config.xml to match framework/res/xml/config.xml.

  7. Update framework/res/xml/config.xml to have similar settings as it did previously.

  8. Copy files from bin/templates/cordova to the project's cordova directory.

Run bin/update <project> with the project path listed in the Cordova Source directory.

Upgrade to 2.5.0 from 2.4.0

  1. Remove cordova-2.4.0.jar from the project's libs directory.

  2. Add cordova-2.5.0.jar to the project's libs directory.

  3. If you use Eclipse, please refresh your Eclipse project and do a clean.

  4. Copy the new cordova-2.5.0.js into your project.

  5. Update your HTML to use the new cordova-2.5.0.js file.

  6. Copy the res/xml/config.xml to match framework/res/xml/config.xml.

  7. Update framework/res/xml/config.xml to have similar settings as it did previously.

  8. Copy files from bin/templates/cordova to the project's cordova directory.

Upgrade to 2.4.0 from 2.3.0

  1. Remove cordova-2.3.0.jar from the project's libs directory.

  2. Add cordova-2.4.0.jar to the project's libs directory.

  3. If you use Eclipse, please refresh your Eclipse project and do a clean.

  4. Copy the new cordova-2.4.0.js into your project.

  5. Update your HTML to use the new cordova-2.4.0.js file.

  6. Copy the res/xml/config.xml to match framework/res/xml/config.xml.

  7. Copy files from bin/templates/cordova to the project's cordova directory.

Upgrade to 2.3.0 from 2.2.0

  1. Remove cordova-2.2.0.jar from the project's libs directory.

  2. Add cordova-2.3.0.jar to the project's libs directory.

  3. If you use Eclipse, please refresh your Eclipse project and do a clean.

  4. Copy the new cordova-2.3.0.js into your project.

  5. Update your HTML to use the new cordova-2.3.0.js file.

  6. Copy the res/xml/config.xml to match framework/res/xml/config.xml.

  7. Copy files from bin/templates/cordova to the project's cordova directory.

Upgrade to 2.2.0 from 2.1.0

  1. Remove cordova-2.1.0.jar from the project's libs directory.

  2. Add cordova-2.2.0.jar to the project's libs directory.

  3. If you use Eclipse, please refresh your Eclipse project and do a clean.

  4. Copy the new cordova-2.2.0.js into your project.

  5. Update your HTML to use the new cordova-2.2.0.js file.

  6. Copy the res/xml/config.xml to match framework/res/xml/config.xml.

  7. Copy files from bin/templates/cordova to the project's cordova directory.

Upgrade to 2.1.0 from 2.0.0

  1. Remove cordova-2.0.0.jar from the project's libs directory.

  2. Add cordova-2.1.0.jar to the project's libs directory.

  3. If you use Eclipse, please refresh your Eclipse project and do a clean.

  4. Copy the new cordova-2.1.0.js into your project.

  5. Update your HTML to use the new cordova-2.1.0.js file.

  6. Copy the res/xml/config.xml to match framework/res/xml/config.xml.

  7. Copy files from bin/templates/cordova to the project's cordova directory.

Upgrade to 2.0.0 from 1.9.0

  1. Remove cordova-1.9.0.jar from the project's libs directory.

  2. Add cordova-2.0.0.jar to the project's libs directory.

  3. If you use Eclipse, please refresh your Eclipse project and do a clean.

  4. Copy the new cordova-2.0.0.js into your project.

  5. Update your HTML to use the new cordova-2.0.0.js file.

  6. Copy the res/xml/config.xml to match framework/res/xml/config.xml.

In the 2.0.0 release, the config.xml file combines and replaces cordova.xml and plugins.xml. The old files are deprecated, and while they still work in 2.0.0, will stop working in a future release.

Upgrade to 1.9.0 from 1.8.1

  1. Remove cordova-1.8.0.jar from the project's libs directory.

  2. Add cordova-1.9.0.jar to the project's libs directory.

  3. If you use Eclipse, please refresh your Eclipse project and do a clean.

  4. Copy the new cordova-1.9.0.js into your project.

  5. Update your HTML to use the new cordova-1.9.0.js file.

  6. Update res/xml/plugins.xml to match framework/res/xml/plugins.xml.

Due to the introduction of the CordovaWebView in the 1.9.0 release, third-party plugins may not work. These plugins need to get a context from the CordovaInterface using getContext() or getActivity(). If you are not an experienced Android developer, please contact the plugin maintainer and add this task to their bug tracker.

Upgrade to 1.8.0 from 1.8.0

  1. Remove cordova-1.8.0.jar from the project's libs directory.

  2. Add cordova-1.8.1.jar to the project's libs directory.

  3. If you use Eclipse, please refresh your Eclipse project and do a clean.

  4. Copy the new cordova-1.8.1.js into your project.

  5. Update your HTML to use the new cordova-1.8.1.js file.

  6. Update res/xml/plugins.xml to match framework/res/xml/plugins.xml.

Upgrade to 1.8.0 from 1.7.0

  1. Remove cordova-1.7.0.jar from the project's libs directory.

  2. Add cordova-1.8.0.jar to the project's libs directory.

  3. If you use Eclipse, please refresh your Eclipse project and do a clean.

  4. Copy the new cordova-1.8.0.js into your project.

  5. Update your HTML to use the new cordova-1.8.0.js file.

  6. Update res/xml/plugins.xml to match framework/res/xml/plugins.xml.

Upgrade to 1.8.0 from 1.7.0

  1. Remove cordova-1.7.0.jar from the project's libs directory.

  2. Add cordova-1.8.0.jar to the project's libs directory.

  3. If you use Eclipse, please refresh your Eclipse project and do a clean.

  4. Copy the new cordova-1.8.0.js into your project.

  5. Update your HTML to use the new cordova-1.8.0.js file.

  6. Update res/xml/plugins.xml to match framework/res/xml/plugins.xml.

Upgrade to 1.7.0 from 1.6.1

  1. Remove cordova-1.6.1.jar from the project's libs directory.

  2. Add cordova-1.7.0.jar to the project's libs directory.

  3. If you use Eclipse, please refresh your Eclipse project and do a clean.

  4. Copy the new cordova-1.7.0.js into your project.

  5. Update res/xml/plugins.xml to match framework/res/xml/plugins.xml.

Upgrade to 1.6.1 from 1.6.0

  1. Remove cordova-1.6.0.jar from the project's libs directory.

  2. Add cordova-1.6.1.jar to the project's libs directory.

  3. If you use Eclipse, please refresh your Eclipse project and do a clean.

  4. Copy the new cordova-1.6.1.js into your project.

  5. Update res/xml/plugins.xml to match framework/res/xml/plugins.xml.

Upgrade to 1.6.0 from 1.5.0

  1. Remove cordova-1.5.0.jar from the project's libs directory.

  2. Add cordova-1.6.0.jar to the project's libs directory.

  3. If you use Eclipse, please refresh your Eclipse project and do a clean.

  4. Copy the new cordova-1.6.0.js into your project.

  5. Update your HTML to use the new cordova-1.6.0.js file.

  6. Update res/xml/plugins.xml to match framework/res/xml/plugins.xml.

  7. Replace res/xml/phonegap.xml with res/xml/cordova.xml to match framework/res/xml/cordova.xml.

Upgrade to 1.5.0 from 1.4.0

  1. Remove phonegap-1.4.0.jar from the project's libs directory.

  2. Add cordova-1.5.0.jar to the project's libs directory.

  3. If you use Eclipse, please refresh your Eclipse project and do a clean.

  4. Copy the new cordova-1.5.0.js into your project.

  5. Update your HTML to use the new cordova-1.5.0.js file.

  6. Update res/xml/plugins.xml to match framework/res/xml/plugins.xml.

  7. Replace res/xml/phonegap.xml with res/xml/cordova.xml to match framework/res/xml/cordova.xml.

Upgrade to 1.4.0 from 1.3.0

  1. Remove phonegap-1.3.0.jar from the project's libs directory.

  2. Add phonegap-1.4.0.jar to the project's libs directory.

  3. If you use Eclipse, please refresh your Eclipse project and do a clean.

  4. Copy the new phonegap-1.4.0.js into your project.

  5. Update your HTML to use the new phonegap-1.4.0.js file.

  6. Update res/xml/plugins.xml to match framework/res/xml/plugins.xml.

  7. Update res/xml/phonegap.xml to match framework/res/xml/phonegap.xml.

Upgrade to 1.3.0 from 1.2.0

  1. Remove phonegap-1.2.0.jar from the project's libs directory.

  2. Add phonegap-1.3.0.jar to the project's libs directory.

  3. If you use Eclipse, please refresh your Eclipse project and do a clean.

  4. Copy the new phonegap-1.3.0.js into your project.

  5. Update your HTML to use the new phonegap-1.2.0.js file.

  6. Update res/xml/plugins.xml to match framework/res/xml/plugins.xml.

  7. Update res/xml/phonegap.xml to match framework/res/xml/phonegap.xml.

Upgrade to 1.2.0 from 1.1.0

  1. Remove phonegap-1.1.0.jar from the project's libs directory.

  2. Add phonegap-1.2.0.jar to the project's libs directory.

  3. If you use Eclipse, please refresh your Eclipse project and do a clean.

  4. Copy the new phonegap-1.2.0.js into your project.

  5. Update your HTML to use the new phonegap-1.2.0.js file.

  6. Update res/xml/plugins.xml to match framework/res/xml/plugins.xml.

  7. Update res/xml/phonegap.xml to match framework/res/xml/phonegap.xml.

Upgrade to 1.1.0 from 1.0.0

  1. Remove phonegap-1.0.0.jar from the project's libs directory.

  2. Add phonegap-1.1.0.jar to the project's libs directory.

  3. If you use Eclipse, please refresh your Eclipse project and do a clean.

  4. Copy the new phonegap-1.1.0.js into your project.

  5. Update your HTML to use the new phonegap-1.1.0.js file.

  6. Update res/xml/plugins.xml to match framework/res/xml/plugins.xml.

Upgrade to 1.0.0 from 0.9.6

  1. Remove phonegap-0.9.6.jar from the project's libs directory.

  2. Add phonegap-1.0.0.jar to the project's libs directory.

  3. If you use Eclipse, please refresh your Eclipse project and do a clean.

  4. Copy the new phonegap-1.0.0.js into your project.

  5. Update your HTML to use the new phonegap-1.0.0.js file.

  6. Add the res/xml/plugins.xml to match framework/res/xml/plugins.xml.

© 2012–2017 The Apache Software Foundation
Licensed under the Apache License 2.0.
https://cordova.apache.org/docs/en/7.x/guide/platforms/android/upgrade.html