The hanging-punctuation CSS property specifies whether a punctuation mark should hang at the start or end of a line of text. Hanging punctuation may be placed outside the line box.

/* Keyword values — single */
hanging-punctuation: none;
hanging-punctuation: first;
hanging-punctuation: last;
hanging-punctuation: force-end;
hanging-punctuation: allow-end;

/* Keyword values — two */
hanging-punctuation: first force-end;
hanging-punctuation: first allow-end;
hanging-punctuation: first last;
hanging-punctuation: last force-end;
hanging-punctuation: last allow-end;

/* Keyword values — three */
hanging-punctuation: first force-end last;
hanging-punctuation: first allow-end last;

/* Global values */
hanging-punctuation: inherit;
hanging-punctuation: initial;
hanging-punctuation: unset;
Initial value none
Applies to all elements
Inherited yes
Media visual
Computed value as specified
Animation type discrete
Canonical order the unique non-ambiguous order defined by the formal grammar


This property may be specified with one, two, or three values.

One-value syntax: any one of the keyword values listed below.

Two value syntax:

  • either first together with any one of: last, allow-end, or force-end
  • or last together with any one of: first, allow-end, or force-end.

Three-value syntax:

  • either first, allow-end, and last
  • or first, force-end, and last.


No character hangs.
An opening bracket or quote at the start of the first formatted line of an element hangs.
A closing bracket or quote at the end of the last formatted line of an element hangs.
A stop or comma at the end of a line hangs.
A stop or comma at the end of a line hangs, if it does not otherwise fit prior to justification.

Formal syntax

none | [ first || [ force-end | allow-end ] || last ]



<p>“Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit. Curabitur dignissim nunc mauris, et sollicitudin est scelerisque sed. Praesent laoreet tortor massa, sit amet vulputate nulla pharetra ut.”</p>


p {
  hanging-punctuation: first;
  margin: .5rem;



© 2005–2018 Mozilla Developer Network and individual contributors.
Licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License v2.5 or later.