The repeating-radial-gradient() CSS function creates an image consisting of repeating gradients that radiate from an origin. It is similar to radial-gradient() and takes the same arguments, but it repeats the color stops infinitely in all directions so as to cover its entire container. The function's result is an object of the <gradient> data type, which is a special kind of <image>.

/* A repeating gradient at the center of its container,
   starting red, changing to blue, and finishing green */
repeating-radial-gradient(circle at center, red 0, blue, green 30px);

With each repetition, the positions of the color stops are shifted by a multiple of the dimensions of the basic radial gradient (the distance between the last color stop and the first). Thus, the position of each ending color stop coincides with a starting color stop; if the color values are different, this will result in a sharp visual transition.

As with any gradient, a repeating radial gradient has no intrinsic dimensions; i.e., it has no natural or preferred size, nor a preferred ratio. Its concrete size will match the size of the element it applies to.

Note: Because <gradient>s belong to the <image> data type, they can only be used where <image>s can be used. For this reason, repeating-radial-gradient() won't work on background-color and other properties that use the <color> data type.



The position of the gradient, interpreted in the same way as background-position or transform-origin. If unspecified, it defaults to center.
The angle of the gradient line, which extends from the starting point at this angle. If unspecified, it defaults to 0deg.
The gradient's shape. The value can be circle (meaning that the gradient's shape is a circle with constant radius) or ellipse (meaning that the shape is an axis-aligned ellipse). If unspecified, it defaults to ellipse.
A keyword describing how big the ending shape must be. The possible values are:
Keyword Description
closest-side The gradient's ending shape meets the side of the box closest to its center (for circles) or meets both the vertical and horizontal sides closest to the center (for ellipses).
closest-corner The gradient's ending shape is sized so that it exactly meets the closest corner of the box from its center.
farthest-side Similar to closest-side, except the ending shape is sized to meet the side of the box farthest from its center (or vertical and horizontal sides).
farthest-corner The gradient's ending shape is sized so that it exactly meets the farthest corner of the box from its center.

Note: Early implementations of this function included other keywords (cover and contain) as synonyms of the standard farthest-corner and closest-side, respectively. Use the standard keywords only, as some implementations have already dropped those older variants.

A color-stop's <color> value, followed by an optional stop position (either a <percentage> or a <length> along the gradient's axis). A percentage of 0%, or a length of 0, represents the center of the gradient; the value 100% represents the intersection of the ending shape with the virtual gradient ray. Percentage values in between are linearly positioned on the gradient ray.

Formal syntax

       [[ circle  || <length> ]                     [at <position>]? , | 
        [ ellipse || [<length> | <percentage> ]{2}] [at <position>]? , |
        [[ circle | ellipse ] || <extent-keyword> ] [at <position>]? , |
                                                     at <position>   ,    <color-stop> [ , <color-stop> ]+ )
                  Contour, size and position of the ending shape               List of color stops  
where <extent-keyword> = closest-corner | closest-side | farthest-corner | farthest-side
  and <color-stop> = <color> [ <percentage> | <length> ]?


Black and white gradient

.radial-gradient {
  background: repeating-radial-gradient(black, black 5px, white 5px, white 10px);


.radial-gradient {
  background: repeating-radial-gradient(ellipse farthest-corner,
      red, black 5%, blue 5%, green 10%);

Note: Please see Using CSS gradients for more examples.


Specification Status Comment
CSS Images Module Level 3
The definition of 'repeating-radial-gradient()' in that specification.
Candidate Recommendation Initial definition.

Browser compatibility

Feature Chrome Firefox (Gecko) Internet Explorer Opera Safari (WebKit)
Basic support (on background and background-image) 10 -webkit 3.6 (1.9.2)-moz
16 (16)[1]
10 12 -o
5.1 -webkit
On border-image (Yes) 29 (29) (Yes) (Yes) (Yes)
On any other property that accept <image> No support (Yes) (Yes) (Yes) (Yes)
Interpolation hints (a percent without a color) 40 36 (36) ? ? ?
Feature Android Firefox Mobile (Gecko) IE Phone Opera Mobile Safari Mobile
Basic support (on background and background-image) 4.4 46.0 (46) 10 12.1 7.1
On border-image 29.0 (29) (Yes) (Yes) (Yes) (Yes)
On any other property that accept <image> No support (Yes) (Yes) (Yes) (Yes)

[1] Before Firefox 36, Gecko didn't apply gradient on the pre-multiplied color space, leading to shade of grey unexpectedly appearing when used with transparency. Since Firefox 42, the prefixed version of gradients can be disabled by setting layout.css.prefixes.gradients to false.

In addition to the unprefixed support, Gecko 44.0 (Firefox 44.0 / Thunderbird 44.0 / SeaMonkey 2.41) added support for a -webkit prefixed version of the function for web compatibility reasons behind the preference layout.css.prefixes.webkit, defaulting to false. Since Gecko 49.0 (Firefox 49.0 / Thunderbird 49.0 / SeaMonkey 2.46) the preference defaults to true.

See also

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