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core.cpuid

Identify the characteristics of the host CPU, providing information about cache sizes and assembly optimisation hints. This module is provided primarily for assembly language programmers.

References
Some of this information was extremely difficult to track down. Some of the documents below were found only in cached versions stored by search engines! This code relies on information found in:
  • "Intel(R) 64 and IA-32 Architectures Software Developers Manual, Volume 2A: Instruction Set Reference, A-M" (2007).
  • "AMD CPUID Specification", Advanced Micro Devices, Rev 2.28 (2008).
  • "AMD Processor Recognition Application Note For Processors Prior to AMD Family 0Fh Processors", Advanced Micro Devices, Rev 3.13 (2005).
  • "AMD Geode(TM) GX Processors Data Book", Advanced Micro Devices, Publication ID 31505E, (2005).
  • "AMD K6 Processor Code Optimisation", Advanced Micro Devices, Rev D (2000).
  • "Application note 106: Software Customization for the 6x86 Family", Cyrix Corporation, Rev 1.5 (1998)
  • http://www.datasheetcatalog.org/datasheet/nationalsemiconductor/GX1.pdf
  • "Geode(TM) GX1 Processor Series Low Power Integrated X86 Solution", National Semiconductor, (2002)
  • "The VIA Isaiah Architecture", G. Glenn Henry, Centaur Technology, Inc (2008).
  • http://www.sandpile.org/ia32/cpuid.htm
  • http://www.akkadia.org/drepper/cpumemory.pdf
  • "What every programmer should know about memory", Ulrich Depper, Red Hat, Inc., (2007).
  • "CPU Identification by the Windows Kernel", G. Chappell (2009). http://www.geoffchappell.com/viewer.htm?doc=studies/windows/km/cpu/cx8.htm
  • "Intel(R) Processor Identification and the CPUID Instruction, Application Note 485" (2009).
Bugs:
Currently only works on x86 and Itanium CPUs. Many processors have bugs in their microcode for the CPUID instruction, so sometimes the cache information may be incorrect.
License:
Boost License 1.0
Authors:
Don Clugston, Tomas Lindquist Olsen <tomas@famolsen.dk>
Source
core/cpuid.d
struct CacheInfo

Cache size and behaviour

size_t size

Size of the cache, in kilobytes, per CPU. For L1 unified (data + code) caches, this size is half the physical size. (we don't halve it for larger sizes, since normally data size is much greater than code size for critical loops).

ubyte associativity

Number of ways of associativity, eg:

  • 1 = direct mapped
  • 2 = 2-way set associative
  • 3 = 3-way set associative
  • ubyte.max = fully associative
uint lineSize

Number of bytes read into the cache when a cache miss occurs.

CacheInfo[5] datacache

Scheduled for deprecation. Please use dataCaches instead.

pure nothrow @nogc @property @trusted const(CacheInfo)[5] dataCaches()

The data caches. If there are fewer than 5 physical caches levels, the remaining levels are set to size_t.max (== entire memory space)

pure nothrow @nogc @property @trusted string vendor()

Returns vendor string, for display purposes only. Do NOT use this to determine features! Note that some CPUs have programmable vendorIDs.

pure nothrow @nogc @property @trusted string processor()

Returns processor string, for display purposes only

pure nothrow @nogc @property @trusted bool x87onChip()

Does it have an x87 FPU on-chip?

pure nothrow @nogc @property @trusted bool mmx()

Is MMX supported?

pure nothrow @nogc @property @trusted bool sse()

Is SSE supported?

pure nothrow @nogc @property @trusted bool sse2()

Is SSE2 supported?

pure nothrow @nogc @property @trusted bool sse3()

Is SSE3 supported?

pure nothrow @nogc @property @trusted bool ssse3()

Is SSSE3 supported?

pure nothrow @nogc @property @trusted bool sse41()

Is SSE4.1 supported?

pure nothrow @nogc @property @trusted bool sse42()

Is SSE4.2 supported?

pure nothrow @nogc @property @trusted bool sse4a()

Is SSE4a supported?

pure nothrow @nogc @property @trusted bool aes()

Is AES supported

pure nothrow @nogc @property @trusted bool hasPclmulqdq()

Is pclmulqdq supported

pure nothrow @nogc @property @trusted bool hasRdrand()

Is rdrand supported

pure nothrow @nogc @property @trusted bool avx()

Is AVX supported

pure nothrow @nogc @property @trusted bool vaes()

Is VEX-Encoded AES supported

pure nothrow @nogc @property @trusted bool hasVpclmulqdq()

Is vpclmulqdq supported

pure nothrow @nogc @property @trusted bool fma()

Is FMA supported

pure nothrow @nogc @property @trusted bool fp16c()

Is FP16C supported

pure nothrow @nogc @property @trusted bool avx2()

Is AVX2 supported

pure nothrow @nogc @property @trusted bool hle()

Is HLE (hardware lock elision) supported

pure nothrow @nogc @property @trusted bool rtm()

Is RTM (restricted transactional memory) supported

pure nothrow @nogc @property @trusted bool hasRdseed()

Is rdseed supported

pure nothrow @nogc @property @trusted bool hasSha()

Is SHA supported

pure nothrow @nogc @property @trusted bool amd3dnow()

Is AMD 3DNOW supported?

pure nothrow @nogc @property @trusted bool amd3dnowExt()

Is AMD 3DNOW Ext supported?

pure nothrow @nogc @property @trusted bool amdMmx()

Are AMD extensions to MMX supported?

pure nothrow @nogc @property @trusted bool hasFxsr()

Is fxsave/fxrstor supported?

pure nothrow @nogc @property @trusted bool hasCmov()

Is cmov supported?

pure nothrow @nogc @property @trusted bool hasRdtsc()

Is rdtsc supported?

pure nothrow @nogc @property @trusted bool hasCmpxchg8b()

Is cmpxchg8b supported?

pure nothrow @nogc @property @trusted bool hasCmpxchg16b()

Is cmpxchg8b supported?

pure nothrow @nogc @property @trusted bool hasSysEnterSysExit()

Is SYSENTER/SYSEXIT supported?

pure nothrow @nogc @property @trusted bool has3dnowPrefetch()

Is 3DNow prefetch supported?

pure nothrow @nogc @property @trusted bool hasLahfSahf()

Are LAHF and SAHF supported in 64-bit mode?

pure nothrow @nogc @property @trusted bool hasPopcnt()

Is POPCNT supported?

pure nothrow @nogc @property @trusted bool hasLzcnt()

Is LZCNT supported?

pure nothrow @nogc @property @trusted bool isX86_64()

Is this an Intel64 or AMD 64?

pure nothrow @nogc @property @trusted bool isItanium()

Is this an IA64 (Itanium) processor?

pure nothrow @nogc @property @trusted bool hyperThreading()

Is hyperthreading supported?

pure nothrow @nogc @property @trusted uint threadsPerCPU()

Returns number of threads per CPU

pure nothrow @nogc @property @trusted uint coresPerCPU()

Returns number of cores in CPU

pure nothrow @nogc @property @trusted bool preferAthlon()

Optimisation hints for assembly code.

For forward compatibility, the CPU is compared against different microarchitectures. For 32-bit x86, comparisons are made against the Intel PPro/PII/PIII/PM family.

The major 32-bit x86 microarchitecture 'dynasties' have been:

  • Intel P6 (PentiumPro, PII, PIII, PM, Core, Core2).
  • AMD Athlon (K7, K8, K10).
  • Intel NetBurst (Pentium 4, Pentium D).
  • In-order Pentium (Pentium1, PMMX, Atom)


Other early CPUs (Nx586, AMD K5, K6, Centaur C3, Transmeta, Cyrix, Rise) were mostly in-order.

Some new processors do not fit into the existing categories:

  • Intel Atom 230/330 (family 6, model 0x1C) is an in-order core.
  • Centaur Isiah = VIA Nano (family 6, model F) is an out-of-order core.


Within each dynasty, the optimisation techniques are largely identical (eg, use instruction pairing for group 4). Major instruction set improvements occur within each dynasty.

Does this CPU perform better on AMD K7 code than PentiumPro..Core2 code?
pure nothrow @nogc @property @trusted bool preferPentium4()

Does this CPU perform better on Pentium4 code than PentiumPro..Core2 code?

pure nothrow @nogc @property @trusted bool preferPentium1()

Does this CPU perform better on Pentium I code than Pentium Pro code?

uint stepping

Warning: This field will be turned into a property in a future release.

Processor type (vendor-dependent). This should be visible ONLY for display purposes.

uint model

Warning: This field will be turned into a property in a future release.

Processor type (vendor-dependent). This should be visible ONLY for display purposes.

uint family

Warning: This field will be turned into a property in a future release.

Processor type (vendor-dependent). This should be visible ONLY for display purposes.

uint numCacheLevels

This field has been deprecated. Please use cacheLevels instead.

nothrow @nogc @property @trusted uint cacheLevels()

The number of cache levels in the CPU.

© 1999–2017 The D Language Foundation
Licensed under the Boost License 1.0.
https://dlang.org/phobos/core_cpuid.html