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/Ember.js

Ember.Array (public)

Uses: Ember.Enumerable
Defined in: packages/ember-runtime/lib/mixins/array.js:169
Module: ember

addArrayObserver (target, opts) Ember.Array public

target
Object
The observer object.
opts
Object
Optional hash of configuration options including `willChange` and `didChange` option.
returns
Ember.Array
receiver

Adds an array observer to the receiving array. The array observer object normally must implement two methods:

  • arrayWillChange(observedObj, start, removeCount, addCount) - This method will be called just before the array is modified.
  • arrayDidChange(observedObj, start, removeCount, addCount) - This method will be called just after the array is modified.

Both callbacks will be passed the observed object, starting index of the change as well as a count of the items to be removed and added. You can use these callbacks to optionally inspect the array during the change, clear caches, or do any other bookkeeping necessary.

In addition to passing a target, you can also include an options hash which you can use to override the method names that will be invoked on the target.

any (callback, target) Boolean public

callback
Function
The callback to execute
target
Object
The target object to use
returns
Boolean
`true` if the passed function returns `true` for any item

Returns true if the passed function returns true for any item in the enumeration.

The callback method you provide should have the following signature (all parameters are optional):

function(item, index, enumerable);
  • item is the current item in the iteration.
  • index is the current index in the iteration.
  • enumerable is the enumerable object itself.

It should return true to include the item in the results, false otherwise.

Note that in addition to a callback, you can also pass an optional target object that will be set as this on the context. This is a good way to give your iterator function access to the current object.

Usage Example:

if (people.any(isManager)) {
  Paychecks.addBiggerBonus();
}

arrayContentDidChange (startIdx, removeAmt, addAmt) Ember.Array public

startIdx
Number
The starting index in the array that did change.
removeAmt
Number
The number of items that were removed. If you pass `null` assumes 0
addAmt
Number
The number of items that were added. If you pass `null` assumes 0.
returns
Ember.Array
receiver

If you are implementing an object that supports Ember.Array, call this method just after the array content changes to notify any observers and invalidate any related properties. Pass the starting index of the change as well as a delta of the amounts to change.

arrayContentWillChange (startIdx, removeAmt, addAmt) Ember.Array public

startIdx
Number
The starting index in the array that will change.
removeAmt
Number
The number of items that will be removed. If you pass `null` assumes 0
addAmt
Number
The number of items that will be added. If you pass `null` assumes 0.
returns
Ember.Array
receiver

If you are implementing an object that supports Ember.Array, call this method just before the array content changes to notify any observers and invalidate any related properties. Pass the starting index of the change as well as a delta of the amounts to change.

compact Array public

returns
Array
the array without null and undefined elements.

Returns a copy of the array with all null and undefined elements removed.

let arr = ['a', null, 'c', undefined];
arr.compact();  // ['a', 'c']

every (callback, target) Boolean public

callback
Function
The callback to execute
target
Object
The target object to use
returns
Boolean

Returns true if the passed function returns true for every item in the enumeration. This corresponds with the every() method in JavaScript 1.6.

The callback method you provide should have the following signature (all parameters are optional):

function(item, index, enumerable);
  • item is the current item in the iteration.
  • index is the current index in the iteration.
  • enumerable is the enumerable object itself.

It should return the true or false.

Note that in addition to a callback, you can also pass an optional target object that will be set as this on the context. This is a good way to give your iterator function access to the current object.

Example Usage:

if (people.every(isEngineer)) {
  Paychecks.addBigBonus();
}

filter (callback, target) Array public

callback
Function
The callback to execute
target
Object
The target object to use
returns
Array
A filtered array.

Returns an array with all of the items in the enumeration that the passed function returns true for. This method corresponds to filter() defined in JavaScript 1.6.

The callback method you provide should have the following signature (all parameters are optional):

function(item, index, enumerable);
  • item is the current item in the iteration.
  • index is the current index in the iteration.
  • enumerable is the enumerable object itself.

It should return true to include the item in the results, false otherwise.

Note that in addition to a callback, you can also pass an optional target object that will be set as this on the context. This is a good way to give your iterator function access to the current object.

filterBy (key, value) Array public

key
String
the property to test
value
*
optional value to test against.
returns
Array
filtered array

Returns an array with just the items with the matched property. You can pass an optional second argument with the target value. Otherwise this will match any property that evaluates to true.

find (callback, target) Object public

callback
Function
The callback to execute
target
Object
The target object to use
returns
Object
Found item or `undefined`.

Returns the first item in the array for which the callback returns true. This method works similar to the filter() method defined in JavaScript 1.6 except that it will stop working on the array once a match is found.

The callback method you provide should have the following signature (all parameters are optional):

function(item, index, enumerable);
  • item is the current item in the iteration.
  • index is the current index in the iteration.
  • enumerable is the enumerable object itself.

It should return the true to include the item in the results, false otherwise.

Note that in addition to a callback, you can also pass an optional target object that will be set as this on the context. This is a good way to give your iterator function access to the current object.

findBy (key, value) Object public

key
String
the property to test
value
String
optional value to test against.
returns
Object
found item or `undefined`

Returns the first item with a property matching the passed value. You can pass an optional second argument with the target value. Otherwise this will match any property that evaluates to true.

This method works much like the more generic find() method.

forEach (callback, target) Object public

callback
Function
The callback to execute
target
Object
The target object to use
returns
Object
receiver

Iterates through the enumerable, calling the passed function on each item. This method corresponds to the forEach() method defined in JavaScript 1.6.

The callback method you provide should have the following signature (all parameters are optional):

function(item, index, enumerable);
  • item is the current item in the iteration.
  • index is the current index in the iteration.
  • enumerable is the enumerable object itself.

Note that in addition to a callback, you can also pass an optional target object that will be set as this on the context. This is a good way to give your iterator function access to the current object.

getEach (key) Array public

key
String
name of the property
returns
Array
The mapped array.

Alias for mapBy

includes (obj, startAt) Boolean public

obj
Object
The object to search for.
startAt
Number
optional starting location to search, default 0
returns
Boolean
`true` if object is found in the array.

Returns true if the passed object can be found in the array. This method is a Polyfill for ES 2016 Array.includes. If no startAt argument is given, the starting location to search is 0. If it's negative, searches from the index of this.length + startAt by asc.

[1, 2, 3].includes(2);     // true
[1, 2, 3].includes(4);     // false
[1, 2, 3].includes(3, 2);  // true
[1, 2, 3].includes(3, 3);  // false
[1, 2, 3].includes(3, -1); // true
[1, 2, 3].includes(1, -1); // false
[1, 2, 3].includes(1, -4); // true
[1, 2, NaN].includes(NaN); // true

includes (obj) Boolean public

obj
Object
The object to search for.
returns
Boolean
`true` if object is found in the enumerable.

Returns true if the passed object can be found in the enumerable.

[1, 2, 3].includes(2);                     // true
[1, 2, 3].includes(4);                     // false
[1, 2, undefined].includes(undefined);     // true
[1, 2, null].includes(null);               // true
[1, 2, NaN].includes(NaN);                 // true

indexOf (object, startAt) Number public

object
Object
the item to search for
startAt
Number
optional starting location to search, default 0
returns
Number
index or -1 if not found

Returns the index of the given object's first occurrence. If no startAt argument is given, the starting location to search is 0. If it's negative, will count backward from the end of the array. Returns -1 if no match is found.

let arr = ['a', 'b', 'c', 'd', 'a'];

arr.indexOf('a');       //  0
arr.indexOf('z');       // -1
arr.indexOf('a', 2);    //  4
arr.indexOf('a', -1);   //  4
arr.indexOf('b', 3);    // -1
arr.indexOf('a', 100);  // -1

invoke (methodName, args) Array public

methodName
String
the name of the method
args
Object...
optional arguments to pass as well.
returns
Array
return values from calling invoke.

Invokes the named method on every object in the receiver that implements it. This method corresponds to the implementation in Prototype 1.6.

isAny (key, value) Boolean public

key
String
the property to test
value
String
optional value to test against. Defaults to `true`
returns
Boolean

Returns true if the passed property resolves to the value of the second argument for any item in the enumerable. This method is often simpler/faster than using a callback.

isEvery (key, value) Boolean public

key
String
the property to test
value
String
optional value to test against. Defaults to `true`
returns
Boolean

Returns true if the passed property resolves to the value of the second argument for all items in the enumerable. This method is often simpler/faster than using a callback.

lastIndexOf (object, startAt) Number public

object
Object
the item to search for
startAt
Number
optional starting location to search, default 0
returns
Number
index or -1 if not found

Returns the index of the given object's last occurrence. If no startAt argument is given, the search starts from the last position. If it's negative, will count backward from the end of the array. Returns -1 if no match is found.

let arr = ['a', 'b', 'c', 'd', 'a'];

arr.lastIndexOf('a');       //  4
arr.lastIndexOf('z');       // -1
arr.lastIndexOf('a', 2);    //  0
arr.lastIndexOf('a', -1);   //  4
arr.lastIndexOf('b', 3);    //  1
arr.lastIndexOf('a', 100);  //  4

map (callback, target) Array public

callback
Function
The callback to execute
target
Object
The target object to use
returns
Array
The mapped array.

Maps all of the items in the enumeration to another value, returning a new array. This method corresponds to map() defined in JavaScript 1.6.

The callback method you provide should have the following signature (all parameters are optional):

function(item, index, enumerable);
  • item is the current item in the iteration.
  • index is the current index in the iteration.
  • enumerable is the enumerable object itself.

It should return the mapped value.

Note that in addition to a callback, you can also pass an optional target object that will be set as this on the context. This is a good way to give your iterator function access to the current object.

mapBy (key) Array public

key
String
name of the property
returns
Array
The mapped array.

Similar to map, this specialized function returns the value of the named property on all items in the enumeration.

objectAt (idx) * public

idx
Number
The index of the item to return.
returns
*
item at index or undefined

Returns the object at the given index. If the given index is negative or is greater or equal than the array length, returns undefined.

This is one of the primitives you must implement to support Ember.Array. If your object supports retrieving the value of an array item using get() (i.e. myArray.get(0)), then you do not need to implement this method yourself.

let arr = ['a', 'b', 'c', 'd'];

arr.objectAt(0);   // 'a'
arr.objectAt(3);   // 'd'
arr.objectAt(-1);  // undefined
arr.objectAt(4);   // undefined
arr.objectAt(5);   // undefined

objectsAt (indexes) Array public

indexes
Array
An array of indexes of items to return.
returns
Array

This returns the objects at the specified indexes, using objectAt.

let arr = ['a', 'b', 'c', 'd'];

arr.objectsAt([0, 1, 2]);  // ['a', 'b', 'c']
arr.objectsAt([2, 3, 4]);  // ['c', 'd', undefined]

reduce (callback, initialValue, reducerProperty) Object public

callback
Function
The callback to execute
initialValue
Object
Initial value for the reduce
reducerProperty
String
internal use only.
returns
Object
The reduced value.

This will combine the values of the enumerator into a single value. It is a useful way to collect a summary value from an enumeration. This corresponds to the reduce() method defined in JavaScript 1.8.

The callback method you provide should have the following signature (all parameters are optional):

function(previousValue, item, index, enumerable);
  • previousValue is the value returned by the last call to the iterator.
  • item is the current item in the iteration.
  • index is the current index in the iteration.
  • enumerable is the enumerable object itself.

Return the new cumulative value.

In addition to the callback you can also pass an initialValue. An error will be raised if you do not pass an initial value and the enumerator is empty.

Note that unlike the other methods, this method does not allow you to pass a target object to set as this for the callback. It's part of the spec. Sorry.

reject (callback, target) Array public

callback
Function
The callback to execute
target
Object
The target object to use
returns
Array
A rejected array.

Returns an array with all of the items in the enumeration where the passed function returns false. This method is the inverse of filter().

The callback method you provide should have the following signature (all parameters are optional):

function(item, index, enumerable);
  • item is the current item in the iteration.
  • index is the current index in the iteration
  • enumerable is the enumerable object itself.

It should return a falsey value to include the item in the results.

Note that in addition to a callback, you can also pass an optional target object that will be set as "this" on the context. This is a good way to give your iterator function access to the current object.

rejectBy (key, value) Array public

key
String
the property to test
value
String
optional value to test against.
returns
Array
rejected array

Returns an array with the items that do not have truthy values for key. You can pass an optional second argument with the target value. Otherwise this will match any property that evaluates to false.

removeArrayObserver (target, opts) Ember.Array public

target
Object
The object observing the array.
opts
Object
Optional hash of configuration options including `willChange` and `didChange` option.
returns
Ember.Array
receiver

Removes an array observer from the object if the observer is current registered. Calling this method multiple times with the same object will have no effect.

setEach (key, value) Object public

key
String
The key to set
value
Object
The object to set
returns
Object
receiver

Sets the value on the named property for each member. This is more ergonomic than using other methods defined on this helper. If the object implements Ember.Observable, the value will be changed to set(), otherwise it will be set directly. null objects are skipped.

slice (beginIndex, endIndex) Array public

beginIndex
Number
(Optional) index to begin slicing from.
endIndex
Number
(Optional) index to end the slice at (but not included).
returns
Array
New array with specified slice

Returns a new array that is a slice of the receiver. This implementation uses the observable array methods to retrieve the objects for the new slice.

let arr = ['red', 'green', 'blue'];

arr.slice(0);       // ['red', 'green', 'blue']
arr.slice(0, 2);    // ['red', 'green']
arr.slice(1, 100);  // ['green', 'blue']

sortBy (property) Array public

property
String
name(s) to sort on
returns
Array
The sorted array.

Converts the enumerable into an array and sorts by the keys specified in the argument.

You may provide multiple arguments to sort by multiple properties.

toArray Array public

returns
Array
the enumerable as an array.

Simply converts the enumerable into a genuine array. The order is not guaranteed. Corresponds to the method implemented by Prototype.

uniq Ember.Enumerable public

returns
Ember.Enumerable

Returns a new enumerable that contains only unique values. The default implementation returns an array regardless of the receiver type.

let arr = ['a', 'a', 'b', 'b'];
arr.uniq();  // ['a', 'b']

This only works on primitive data types, e.g. Strings, Numbers, etc.

uniqBy Ember.Enumerable public

returns
Ember.Enumerable

Returns a new enumerable that contains only items containing a unique property value. The default implementation returns an array regardless of the receiver type.

let arr = [{ value: 'a' }, { value: 'a' }, { value: 'b' }, { value: 'b' }];
arr.uniqBy('value');  // [{ value: 'a' }, { value: 'b' }]

without (value) Ember.Enumerable public

value
Object
returns
Ember.Enumerable

Returns a new enumerable that excludes the passed value. The default implementation returns an array regardless of the receiver type. If the receiver does not contain the value it returns the original enumerable.

let arr = ['a', 'b', 'a', 'c'];
arr.without('a');  // ['b', 'c']

© 2017 Yehuda Katz, Tom Dale and Ember.js contributors
Licensed under the MIT License.
https://emberjs.com/api/ember/2.14/classes/Ember.Array/methods