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6.13 Decimal Floating Types

As an extension, GNU C supports decimal floating types as defined in the N1312 draft of ISO/IEC WDTR24732. Support for decimal floating types in GCC will evolve as the draft technical report changes. Calling conventions for any target might also change. Not all targets support decimal floating types.

The decimal floating types are _Decimal32, _Decimal64, and _Decimal128. They use a radix of ten, unlike the floating types float, double, and long double whose radix is not specified by the C standard but is usually two.

Support for decimal floating types includes the arithmetic operators add, subtract, multiply, divide; unary arithmetic operators; relational operators; equality operators; and conversions to and from integer and other floating types. Use a suffix ‘df’ or ‘DF’ in a literal constant of type _Decimal32, ‘dd’ or ‘DD’ for _Decimal64, and ‘dl’ or ‘DL’ for _Decimal128.

GCC support of decimal float as specified by the draft technical report is incomplete:

  • When the value of a decimal floating type cannot be represented in the integer type to which it is being converted, the result is undefined rather than the result value specified by the draft technical report.
  • GCC does not provide the C library functionality associated with math.h, fenv.h, stdio.h, stdlib.h, and wchar.h, which must come from a separate C library implementation. Because of this the GNU C compiler does not define macro __STDC_DEC_FP__ to indicate that the implementation conforms to the technical report.

Types _Decimal32, _Decimal64, and _Decimal128 are supported by the DWARF debug information format.

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