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8.1.4 caf_reference_t

The structure used for implementing arbitrary reference chains. A CAF_REFERENCE_T allows to specify a component reference or any kind of array reference of any rank supported by gfortran. For array references all kinds as known by the compiler/Fortran standard are supported indicated by a MODE.

typedef enum caf_ref_type_t {
  /* Reference a component of a derived type, either regular one or an
     allocatable or pointer type.  For regular ones idx in caf_reference_t is
     set to -1.  */
  CAF_REF_COMPONENT,
  /* Reference an allocatable array.  */
  CAF_REF_ARRAY,
  /* Reference a non-allocatable/non-pointer array.  I.e., the coarray object
     has no array descriptor associated and the addressing is done
     completely using the ref.  */
  CAF_REF_STATIC_ARRAY
} caf_ref_type_t;
typedef enum caf_array_ref_t {
  /* No array ref.  This terminates the array ref.  */
  CAF_ARR_REF_NONE = 0,
  /* Reference array elements given by a vector.  Only for this mode
     caf_reference_t.u.a.dim[i].v is valid.  */
  CAF_ARR_REF_VECTOR,
  /* A full array ref (:).  */
  CAF_ARR_REF_FULL,
  /* Reference a range on elements given by start, end and stride.  */
  CAF_ARR_REF_RANGE,
  /* Only a single item is referenced given in the start member.  */
  CAF_ARR_REF_SINGLE,
  /* An array ref of the kind (i:), where i is an arbitrary valid index in the
     array.  The index i is given in the start member.  */
  CAF_ARR_REF_OPEN_END,
  /* An array ref of the kind (:i), where the lower bound of the array ref
     is given by the remote side.  The index i is given in the end member.  */
  CAF_ARR_REF_OPEN_START
} caf_array_ref_t;
/* References to remote components of a derived type.  */
typedef struct caf_reference_t {
  /* A pointer to the next ref or NULL.  */
  struct caf_reference_t *next;
  /* The type of the reference.  */
  /* caf_ref_type_t, replaced by int to allow specification in fortran FE.  */
  int type;
  /* The size of an item referenced in bytes.  I.e. in an array ref this is
     the factor to advance the array pointer with to get to the next item.
     For component refs this gives just the size of the element referenced.  */
  size_t item_size;
  union {
    struct {
      /* The offset (in bytes) of the component in the derived type.
         Unused for allocatable or pointer components.  */
      ptrdiff_t offset;
      /* The offset (in bytes) to the caf_token associated with this
         component.  NULL, when not allocatable/pointer ref.  */
      ptrdiff_t caf_token_offset;
    } c;
    struct {
      /* The mode of the array ref.  See CAF_ARR_REF_*.  */
      /* caf_array_ref_t, replaced by unsigend char to allow specification in
         fortran FE.  */
     unsigned char mode[GFC_MAX_DIMENSIONS];
      /* The type of a static array.  Unset for array's with descriptors.  */
      int static_array_type;
      /* Subscript refs (s) or vector refs (v).  */
      union {
        struct {
          /* The start and end boundary of the ref and the stride.  */
          index_type start, end, stride;
        } s;
        struct {
          /* nvec entries of kind giving the elements to reference.  */
          void *vector;
          /* The number of entries in vector.  */
          size_t nvec;
          /* The integer kind used for the elements in vector.  */
          int kind;
        } v;
      } dim[GFC_MAX_DIMENSIONS];
    } a;
  } u;
} caf_reference_t;

The references make up a single linked list of reference operations. The NEXT member links to the next reference or NULL to indicate the end of the chain. Component and array refs can be arbitrarly mixed as long as they comply to the Fortran standard.

NOTES The member STATIC_ARRAY_TYPE is used only when the TYPE is CAF_REF_STATIC_ARRAY. The member gives the type of the data referenced. Because no array descriptor is available for a descriptor-less array and type conversion still needs to take place the type is transported here.

At the moment CAF_ARR_REF_VECTOR is not implemented in the front end for descriptor-less arrays. The library caf_single has untested support for it.

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