The <figure> represents self-contained content, frequently with a caption (<figcaption>), and is typically referenced as a single unit.

Content categories Flow content, sectioning root, palpable content.
Permitted content A <figcaption> element, followed by flow content; or flow content followed by a <figcaption> element; or flow content.
Tag omission None, both the starting and ending tag are mandatory.
Permitted parents Any element that accepts Flow content.
Permitted ARIA roles group, presentation
DOM interface HTMLElement


This element only includes the global attributes.

Usage notes

  • Usually a <figure> is an image, illustration, diagram, code snippet, etc., that is referenced in the main flow of a document, but that can be moved to another part of the document or to an appendix without affecting the main flow.
  • Being a sectioning root, the outline of the content of the <figure> element is excluded from the main outline of the document.
  • A caption can be associated with the <figure> element by inserting a <figcaption> inside it (as the first or the last child).


Example 1

<!-- Just a figure -->
  alt="An awesome picture">
<!-- Figure with figcaption -->
  alt="An awesome picture">	
  <figcaption>MDN Logo</figcaption>
MDN Logo
MDN Logo
Fig1. MDN Logo

Example 2

  <figcaption>Get browser details
using navigator</figcaption>
function NavigatorExample() {
  var txt;
  txt = "Browser CodeName: " + navigator.appCodeName;
  txt+= "Browser Name: " + navigator.appName;
  txt+= "Browser Version: " + navigator.appVersion ;
  txt+= "Cookies Enabled: " + navigator.cookieEnabled;
  txt+= "Platform: " + navigator.platform;
  txt+= "User-agent header: " + navigator.userAgent;

Example 3

  <figcaption><cite>Edsger Dijkstra :-</cite></figcaption>
  <p>"If debugging is the process of removing software bugs,
  <br />
  then programming must be the process of putting them in"</p>
Edsger Dijkstra :-

"If debugging is the process of removing software bugs,
then programming must be the process of putting them in"

Example 4

<figure> element could be used to markup a poem.

  Depression is running through my head,<br>
  These thoughts make me think of death,<br>
  A darkness which blanks my mind,<br>
  A walk through the graveyard, what can I find?....
  By: Darren Harris</figcaption>


Browser compatibility

Feature Chrome Edge Firefox Internet Explorer Opera Safari
Basic support 8 Yes 4 9 11 5.1
Feature Android webview Chrome for Android Edge mobile Firefox for Android IE mobile Opera Android iOS Safari
Basic support Yes Yes Yes 4 9 11 5.1

See also

© 2005–2018 Mozilla Developer Network and individual contributors.
Licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License v2.5 or later.