Accept-Language request HTTP header advertises which languages the client is able to understand, and which locale variant is preferred. (By languages, we mean natural languages, such as English, and not programming languages.) Using content negotiation, the server then selects one of the proposals, uses it and informs the client of its choice with the
Content-Language response header. Browsers set adequate values for this header according their user interface language and even if a user can change it, this happens rarely (and is frowned upon as it leads to fingerprinting).
This header is a hint to be used when the server has no way of determining the language via another way, like a specific URL, that is controlled by an explicit user decision. It is recommended that the server never overrides an explicit decision. The content of the
Accept-Language is often out of the control of the user (like when traveling and using an Internet Cafe in a different country); the user may also want to visit a page in another language than the locale of their user interface.
If the server cannot serve any matching language, it can theoretically send back a
406 (Not Acceptable) error code. But, for a better user experience, this is rarely done and more common way is to ignore the
Accept-Language header in this case.
Accept-Language: <language> Accept-Language: <locale> Accept-Language: * // Multiple types, weighted with the quality value syntax: Accept-Language: fr-CH, fr;q=0.9, en;q=0.8, de;q=0.7, *;q=0.5
'-'. The most common extra information is the country variant (like
'en-US') or the type of alphabet to use (like
'sr-Lat'). Other variants like the type of orthography (
'de-DE-1996') are usually not used in the context of this header.
'*'is used as a wildcard.
Accept-Language: de Accept-Language: de-CH Accept-Language: en-US,en;q=0.5
|RFC 7231, section 5.3.5: Accept-Language||Hypertext Transfer Protocol (HTTP/1.1): Semantics and Context|
|Feature||Android webview||Chrome for Android||Edge mobile||Firefox for Android||IE mobile||Opera Android||iOS Safari|
© 2005–2018 Mozilla Developer Network and individual contributors.
Licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License v2.5 or later.