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Marionette.NextCollectionView

Warning The NextCollectionView API is currently experimental and may change.

This NextCollectionView is a possible replacement for the current CollectionView in a future version of Marionette. This simplifies the logic flow of the CollectionView as well as normalizes parts of the API. The result is a more performant CollectionView with more consistent behavior. For more information check out our blog post on why this was introduced.

The NextCollectionView will loop through all of the models in the specified collection, instantiating a view for each of them using a specified childView, and adding them to the children. It will then sort the children by the viewComparator and filter them by the viewFilter. The el of the child views that pass the filter will be rendered and appended to the collection view's el. By default the NextCollectionView will maintain a sorted collection's order in the DOM. This behavior can be disabled by specifying {sortWithCollection: false} on initialize.

NextCollectionView has the base functionality provided by the View Mixin.

Documentation Index

NextCollectionView's childView

Specify a childView in your collection view definition. This must be a Backbone view class definition, not an instance. It can be any Backbone.View or be derived from Marionette.View.

var Mn = require('backbone.marionette');

var MyChildView = Mn.View.extend({});

Mn.NextCollectionView.extend({
  childView: MyChildView
});

Child views must be defined before they are referenced by the childView attribute in a collection view definition.

Alternatively, you can specify a childView in the options for the constructor:

var Mn = require('backbone.marionette');

var MyNextCollectionView = Mn.NextCollectionView.extend({...});

new MyNextCollectionView({
  childView: MyChildView
});

If you do not specify a childView, an exception will be thrown stating that you must specify a childView.

You can also define childView as a function. In this form, the value returned by this method is the ChildView class that will be instantiated when a Model needs to be initially rendered. This method also gives you the ability to customize per Model ChildViews.

var Bb = require('backbone');
var Mn = require('backbone.marionette');

var FooBar = Bb.Model.extend({
  defaults: {
    isFoo: false
  }
});

var FooView = Mn.View.extend({
  template: '#foo-template'
});
var BarView = Mn.View.extend({
  template: '#bar-template'
});

var MyNextCollectionView = Mn.NextCollectionView.extend({
  collection: new Bb.Collection(),
  childView: function(item) {
    // Choose which view class to render,
    // depending on the properties of the item model
    if  (item.get('isFoo')) {
      return FooView;
    }
    else {
      return BarView;
    }
  }
});

var collectionView = new MyNextCollectionView();
var foo = new FooBar({
  isFoo: true
});
var bar = new FooBar({
  isFoo: false
});

// Renders a FooView
collectionView.collection.add(foo);

// Renders a BarView
collectionView.collection.add(bar);

NextCollectionView's childViewOptions

There may be scenarios where you need to pass data from your parent collection view in to each of the childView instances. To do this, provide a childViewOptions definition on your collection view as an object literal. This will be passed to the constructor of your childView as part of the options.

var Mn = require('backbone.marionette');

var ChildView = Mn.View.extend({
  initialize: function(options) {
    console.log(options.foo); // => "bar"
  }
});

var NextCollectionView = Mn.NextCollectionView.extend({
  childView: ChildView,

  childViewOptions: {
    foo: 'bar'
  }
});

You can also specify the childViewOptions as a function, if you need to calculate the values to return at runtime. The model will be passed into the function should you need access to it when calculating childViewOptions. The function must return an object, and the attributes of the object will be copied to the childView instance's options.

var Mn = require('backbone.marionette');

var NextCollectionView = Mn.NextCollectionView.extend({
  childViewOptions: function(model, index) {
    // do some calculations based on the model
    return {
      foo: 'bar',
      childIndex: index
    }
  }
});

NextCollectionView's emptyView

When a collection has no children, and you need to render a view other than the list of childViews, you can specify an emptyView attribute on your collection view. The emptyView just like the childView can also be passed as an option on instantiation or can be a function that returns the emptyView.

var Mn = require('backbone.marionette');

var MyEmptyView = Mn.View.extend({
  template: _.template('Nothing to display.')
});

var MyNextCollectionView = Mn.NextCollectionView.extend({
  // ...

  emptyView: MyEmptyView
});

NextCollectionView's emptyViewOptions

Similar to childView and childViewOptions, there is an emptyViewOptions property that will be passed to the emptyView constructor. It can be provided as an object literal or as a function.

If emptyViewOptions aren't provided the NextCollectionView will default to passing the childViewOptions to the emptyView.

var Mn = require('backbone.marionette');

var EmptyView = Mn.View({
  initialize: function(options){
    console.log(options.foo); // => "bar"
  }
});

var NextCollectionView = Mn.NextCollectionView({
  emptyView: EmptyView,

  emptyViewOptions: {
    foo: 'bar'
  }
});

NextCollectionView's isEmpty

If you want to control when the empty view is rendered, you can override isEmpty:

var Mn = require('backbone.marionette');

var MyNextCollectionView = Mn.NextCollectionView.extend({
  isEmpty: function(allViewsFiltered) {
    // some logic to calculate if the view should be rendered as empty
    return this.collection.length < 2;
  }
});

In the normal lifecycle of a NextCollectionView, isEmpty will be called twice. Once when a render begins, and twice after the viewFilter is run. For the call after filtering, a boolean will be passed indicating if all of the NextCollectionView's children were filtered.

NextCollectionView's render

The render method of the collection view is responsible for rendering the entire collection. It loops through each of the children in the collection and renders them individually as a childView.

var Mn = require('backbone.marionette');

var MyNextCollectionView = Mn.NextCollectionView.extend({...});

// all of the children views will now be rendered.
new MyNextCollectionView().render();

Automatic Rendering

After the initial render the collection view binds to the update and reset events of the collection that is specified.

When the collection for the view is "reset", the view will call render on itself and re-render the entire collection.

When a model is added to the collection, the collection view will render that one model into the children.

When a model is removed from a collection (or destroyed / deleted), the collection view will destroy and remove that model's child view.

When the collection for the view is sorted, the view will automatically re-sort its child views unless the sortWithCollection attribute on the NextCollectionView is set to false.

var Bb = require('backbone');
var Mn = require('backbone.marionette');

var collection = new Bb.Collection();

var MyChildView = Mn.View.extend({
  template: _.noop
});

var MyNextCollectionView = Mn.NextCollectionView.extend({
  childView: MyChildView,
  collection: collection,
});

var myNextCollectionView = new MyNextCollectionView();

// Collection view will not re-render as it has not been rendered
collection.reset([{foo: 'foo'}]);

myNextCollectionView.render();

// Collection view will re-render displaying the new model
collection.reset([{foo: 'bar'}]);

Re-render the NextCollectionView

If you need to re-render the entire collection, you can call the view.render method. This method takes care of destroying all of the child views that may have previously been opened.

NextCollectionView's attachHtml

By default the NextCollectionView will append the HTML of each ChildView into the element buffer, and then calls the DOM Mixin's appendChildren once at the end to move the HTML into the collection view's el.

You can override this by specifying an attachHtml method in your view definition. This method takes two parameters and has no return value.

var Mn = require('backbone.marionette');

Mn.NextCollectionView.extend({

  // The default implementation:
  attachHtml: function(collectionView, els){
    this.appendChildren(collectionView.el, els);
  }

});

The first parameter is the instance of the NextCollectionView that will receive the HTML from the second parameter, the HTML buffer.

NextCollectionView's destroy

NextCollectionView implements a destroy method which automatically destroys its children and cleans up listeners.

var Bb = require('backbone');
var Mn = require('backbone.marionette');

var MyChildView = Mn.View.extend({
  template: _.template('ChildView'),
  onDestroy: function() {
    console.log('I will get destroyed');
  }
})

var myNextCollectionView = new Mn.NextCollectionView({
  childView: MyChildView,
  collection: new Bb.Collection([{ id: 1 }])
});

myNextCollectionView.render();

myNextCollectionView.destroy(); // logs "I will get destroyed"

Events

The NextCollectionView, like View, is able to trigger and respond to events occurring during their lifecycle. The Documentation for Events has the complete documentation for how to set and handle events on views.

Child Event Bubbling

The collection view is able to monitor and act on events on any children they own using childViewEvents and childViewTriggers. Additionally when a child view triggers an event, that event will bubble up one level to the parent collection view. For an example:

var Mn = require('backbone.marionette');

var Item = Mn.View.extend({
  tagName: 'li',

  triggers: {
    'click a': 'select:item'
  }
});

var Collection = Mn.NextCollectionView.extend({
  tagName: 'ul',

  onChildviewSelectItem: function(childView) {
    console.log('item selected: ' + childView.model.id);
  }
});

The event will receive a childview: prefix before going through the magic method binding logic. See the documentation for Child View Events for more information.

Lifecycle Events

The NextCollectionView contains its own lifecycle events, on top of the regular View event lifecycle. For more information on what these are, and how to use them, see the Documentation on NextCollectionView lifecycle events

Advanced NextCollectionView Usage

For getting advanced information about filtering, sorting or managing NextCollectionView look at Advanced NextCollectionView usage

Managing Children

The NextCollectionView can store and manage its child views. This allows you to easily access the views within the collection view, iterate them, find them by a given indexer such as the view's model or collection, and more. Additional Information...

Filtering

NextCollectionView allows for a custom viewFilter option if you want to prevent some of the child views from being rendered inside the NextCollectionView. Additional Information...

Sorting

By default the NextCollectionView will maintain a sorted collection's order in the DOM. Additional Information...

© 2017 Muted Solutions, LLC
Licensed under the MIT License.
https://marionettejs.com/docs/v3.3.1/marionette.nextcollectionview.html