W3cubDocs

/pandas 0.20

pandas.Series.asfreq

Series.asfreq(freq, method=None, how=None, normalize=False, fill_value=None) [source]

Convert TimeSeries to specified frequency.

Optionally provide filling method to pad/backfill missing values.

Returns the original data conformed to a new index with the specified frequency. resample is more appropriate if an operation, such as summarization, is necessary to represent the data at the new frequency.

Parameters:

freq : DateOffset object, or string

method : {‘backfill’/’bfill’, ‘pad’/’ffill’}, default None

Method to use for filling holes in reindexed Series (note this does not fill NaNs that already were present):

  • ‘pad’ / ‘ffill’: propagate last valid observation forward to next valid
  • ‘backfill’ / ‘bfill’: use NEXT valid observation to fill

how : {‘start’, ‘end’}, default end

For PeriodIndex only, see PeriodIndex.asfreq

normalize : bool, default False

Whether to reset output index to midnight

fill_value: scalar, optional

Value to use for missing values, applied during upsampling (note this does not fill NaNs that already were present).

New in version 0.20.0.

Returns:

converted : type of caller

See also

reindex

Notes

To learn more about the frequency strings, please see this link.

Examples

Start by creating a series with 4 one minute timestamps.

>>> index = pd.date_range('1/1/2000', periods=4, freq='T')
>>> series = pd.Series([0.0, None, 2.0, 3.0], index=index)
>>> df = pd.DataFrame({'s':series})
>>> df
                       s
2000-01-01 00:00:00    0.0
2000-01-01 00:01:00    NaN
2000-01-01 00:02:00    2.0
2000-01-01 00:03:00    3.0

Upsample the series into 30 second bins.

>>> df.asfreq(freq='30S')
                       s
2000-01-01 00:00:00    0.0
2000-01-01 00:00:30    NaN
2000-01-01 00:01:00    NaN
2000-01-01 00:01:30    NaN
2000-01-01 00:02:00    2.0
2000-01-01 00:02:30    NaN
2000-01-01 00:03:00    3.0

Upsample again, providing a fill value.

>>> df.asfreq(freq='30S', fill_value=9.0)
                       s
2000-01-01 00:00:00    0.0
2000-01-01 00:00:30    9.0
2000-01-01 00:01:00    NaN
2000-01-01 00:01:30    9.0
2000-01-01 00:02:00    2.0
2000-01-01 00:02:30    9.0
2000-01-01 00:03:00    3.0

Upsample again, providing a method.

>>> df.asfreq(freq='30S', method='bfill')
                       s
2000-01-01 00:00:00    0.0
2000-01-01 00:00:30    NaN
2000-01-01 00:01:00    NaN
2000-01-01 00:01:30    2.0
2000-01-01 00:02:00    2.0
2000-01-01 00:02:30    3.0
2000-01-01 00:03:00    3.0

© 2008–2012, AQR Capital Management, LLC, Lambda Foundry, Inc. and PyData Development Team
Licensed under the 3-clause BSD License.
http://pandas.pydata.org/pandas-docs/version/0.20.2/generated/pandas.Series.asfreq.html