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class CGI::Cookie

Parent:
Array

Class representing an HTTP cookie.

In addition to its specific fields and methods, a Cookie instance is a delegator to the array of its values.

See RFC 2965.

Examples of use

cookie1 = CGI::Cookie.new("name", "value1", "value2", ...)
cookie1 = CGI::Cookie.new("name" => "name", "value" => "value")
cookie1 = CGI::Cookie.new('name'     => 'name',
                          'value'    => ['value1', 'value2', ...],
                          'path'     => 'path',   # optional
                          'domain'   => 'domain', # optional
                          'expires'  => Time.now, # optional
                          'secure'   => true,     # optional
                          'httponly' => true      # optional
                          )

cgi.out("cookie" => [cookie1, cookie2]) { "string" }

name     = cookie1.name
values   = cookie1.value
path     = cookie1.path
domain   = cookie1.domain
expires  = cookie1.expires
secure   = cookie1.secure
httponly = cookie1.httponly

cookie1.name     = 'name'
cookie1.value    = ['value1', 'value2', ...]
cookie1.path     = 'path'
cookie1.domain   = 'domain'
cookie1.expires  = Time.now + 30
cookie1.secure   = true
cookie1.httponly = true

Attributes

domain[RW]

Domain for which this cookie applies, as a String

expires[RW]

Time at which this cookie expires, as a Time

httponly[R]

True if this cookie is httponly; false otherwise

name[RW]

Name of this cookie, as a String

path[RW]

Path for which this cookie applies, as a String

secure[R]

True if this cookie is secure; false otherwise

Public Class Methods

new(name_string,*value) Show source
new(options_hash)

Create a new CGI::Cookie object.

name_string

The name of the cookie; in this form, there is no domain or expiration. The path is gleaned from the SCRIPT_NAME environment variable, and secure is false.

*value

value or list of values of the cookie

options_hash

A Hash of options to initialize this Cookie. Possible options are:

name

the name of the cookie. Required.

value

the cookie's value or list of values.

path

the path for which this cookie applies. Defaults to the the value of the SCRIPT_NAME environment variable.

domain

the domain for which this cookie applies.

expires

the time at which this cookie expires, as a Time object.

secure

whether this cookie is a secure cookie or not (default to false). Secure cookies are only transmitted to HTTPS servers.

httponly

whether this cookie is a HttpOnly cookie or not (default to

false).  HttpOnly cookies are not available to javascript.

These keywords correspond to attributes of the cookie object.

Calls superclass method Array.new
# File lib/cgi/cookie.rb, line 70
def initialize(name = "", *value)
  @domain = nil
  @expires = nil
  if name.kind_of?(String)
    @name = name
    %r|^(.*/)|.match(ENV["SCRIPT_NAME"])
    @path = ($1 or "")
    @secure = false
    @httponly = false
    return super(value)
  end

  options = name
  unless options.has_key?("name")
    raise ArgumentError, "`name' required"
  end

  @name = options["name"]
  value = Array(options["value"])
  # simple support for IE
  if options["path"]
    @path = options["path"]
  else
    %r|^(.*/)|.match(ENV["SCRIPT_NAME"])
    @path = ($1 or "")
  end
  @domain = options["domain"]
  @expires = options["expires"]
  @secure = options["secure"] == true
  @httponly = options["httponly"] == true

  super(value)
end
parse(raw_cookie) Show source

Parse a raw cookie string into a hash of cookie-name=>Cookie pairs.

cookies = CGI::Cookie.parse("raw_cookie_string")
  # { "name1" => cookie1, "name2" => cookie2, ... }
# File lib/cgi/cookie.rb, line 160
def self.parse(raw_cookie)
  cookies = Hash.new([])
  return cookies unless raw_cookie

  raw_cookie.split(/;\s?/).each do |pairs|
    name, values = pairs.split('=',2)
    next unless name and values
    name = CGI.unescape(name)
    values ||= ""
    values = values.split('&').collect{|v| CGI.unescape(v,@@accept_charset) }
    if cookies.has_key?(name)
      values = cookies[name].value + values
    end
    cookies[name] = Cookie.new(name, *values)
  end

  cookies
end

Public Instance Methods

httponly=(val) Show source

Set whether the Cookie is a httponly cookie or not.

val must be a boolean.

# File lib/cgi/cookie.rb, line 138
def httponly=(val)
  @httponly = !!val
end
inspect() Show source

A summary of cookie string.

# File lib/cgi/cookie.rb, line 180
def inspect
  "#<CGI::Cookie: #{self.to_s.inspect}>"
end
secure=(val) Show source

Set whether the Cookie is a secure cookie or not.

val must be a boolean.

# File lib/cgi/cookie.rb, line 130
def secure=(val)
  @secure = val if val == true or val == false
  @secure
end
to_s() Show source

Convert the Cookie to its string representation.

# File lib/cgi/cookie.rb, line 143
def to_s
  val = collect{|v| CGI.escape(v) }.join("&")
  buf = "#{@name}=#{val}"
  buf << "; domain=#{@domain}" if @domain
  buf << "; path=#{@path}"     if @path
  buf << "; expires=#{CGI::rfc1123_date(@expires)}" if @expires
  buf << "; secure"            if @secure
  buf << "; HttpOnly"          if @httponly
  buf
end
value() Show source

Returns the value or list of values for this cookie.

# File lib/cgi/cookie.rb, line 118
def value
  self
end
value=(val) Show source

Replaces the value of this cookie with a new value or list of values.

# File lib/cgi/cookie.rb, line 123
def value=(val)
  replace(Array(val))
end

Ruby Core © 1993–2017 Yukihiro Matsumoto
Licensed under the Ruby License.
Ruby Standard Library © contributors
Licensed under their own licenses.