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/Ruby 2.4

module FileUtils

Included modules:
FileUtils::StreamUtils_

fileutils.rb

Copyright © 2000-2007 Minero Aoki

This program is free software. You can distribute/modify this program under the same terms of ruby.

module FileUtils

Namespace for several file utility methods for copying, moving, removing, etc.

Module Functions

require 'fileutils'

FileUtils.cd(dir, options)
FileUtils.cd(dir, options) {|dir| block }
FileUtils.pwd()
FileUtils.mkdir(dir, options)
FileUtils.mkdir(list, options)
FileUtils.mkdir_p(dir, options)
FileUtils.mkdir_p(list, options)
FileUtils.rmdir(dir, options)
FileUtils.rmdir(list, options)
FileUtils.ln(target, link, options)
FileUtils.ln(targets, dir, options)
FileUtils.ln_s(target, link, options)
FileUtils.ln_s(targets, dir, options)
FileUtils.ln_sf(target, link, options)
FileUtils.cp(src, dest, options)
FileUtils.cp(list, dir, options)
FileUtils.cp_r(src, dest, options)
FileUtils.cp_r(list, dir, options)
FileUtils.mv(src, dest, options)
FileUtils.mv(list, dir, options)
FileUtils.rm(list, options)
FileUtils.rm_r(list, options)
FileUtils.rm_rf(list, options)
FileUtils.install(src, dest, options)
FileUtils.chmod(mode, list, options)
FileUtils.chmod_R(mode, list, options)
FileUtils.chown(user, group, list, options)
FileUtils.chown_R(user, group, list, options)
FileUtils.touch(list, options)

The options parameter is a hash of options, taken from the list :force, :noop, :preserve, and :verbose. :noop means that no changes are made. The other three are obvious. Each method documents the options that it honours.

All methods that have the concept of a “source” file or directory can take either one file or a list of files in that argument. See the method documentation for examples.

There are some `low level' methods, which do not accept any option:

FileUtils.copy_entry(src, dest, preserve = false, dereference = false)
FileUtils.copy_file(src, dest, preserve = false, dereference = true)
FileUtils.copy_stream(srcstream, deststream)
FileUtils.remove_entry(path, force = false)
FileUtils.remove_entry_secure(path, force = false)
FileUtils.remove_file(path, force = false)
FileUtils.compare_file(path_a, path_b)
FileUtils.compare_stream(stream_a, stream_b)
FileUtils.uptodate?(file, cmp_list)

module FileUtils::Verbose

This module has all methods of FileUtils module, but it outputs messages before acting. This equates to passing the :verbose flag to methods in FileUtils.

module FileUtils::NoWrite

This module has all methods of FileUtils module, but never changes files/directories. This equates to passing the :noop flag to methods in FileUtils.

module FileUtils::DryRun

This module has all methods of FileUtils module, but never changes files/directories. This equates to passing the :noop and :verbose flags to methods in FileUtils.

Constants

LOW_METHODS
METHODS

Public Class Methods

cd(dir, verbose: nil) { |dir| ... } Show source

Changes the current directory to the directory dir.

If this method is called with block, resumes to the old working directory after the block execution finished.

FileUtils.cd('/', :verbose => true)   # chdir and report it

FileUtils.cd('/') do  # chdir
  # ...               # do something
end                   # return to original directory
# File lib/fileutils.rb, line 117
def cd(dir, verbose: nil, &block) # :yield: dir
  fu_output_message "cd #{dir}" if verbose
  Dir.chdir(dir, &block)
  fu_output_message 'cd -' if verbose and block
end
Also aliased as: chdir
chdir(dir, verbose: nil)
Alias for: cd
chmod(mode, list, noop: nil, verbose: nil) Show source

Changes permission bits on the named files (in list) to the bit pattern represented by mode.

mode is the symbolic and absolute mode can be used.

Absolute mode is

FileUtils.chmod 0755, 'somecommand'
FileUtils.chmod 0644, %w(my.rb your.rb his.rb her.rb)
FileUtils.chmod 0755, '/usr/bin/ruby', :verbose => true

Symbolic mode is

FileUtils.chmod "u=wrx,go=rx", 'somecommand'
FileUtils.chmod "u=wr,go=rr", %w(my.rb your.rb his.rb her.rb)
FileUtils.chmod "u=wrx,go=rx", '/usr/bin/ruby', :verbose => true
“a”

is user, group, other mask.

“u”

is user's mask.

“g”

is group's mask.

“o”

is other's mask.

“w”

is write permission.

“r”

is read permission.

“x”

is execute permission.

“X”

is execute permission for directories only, must be used in conjunction with “+”

“s”

is uid, gid.

“t”

is sticky bit.

“+”

is added to a class given the specified mode.

“-”

Is removed from a given class given mode.

“=”

Is the exact nature of the class will be given a specified mode.

# File lib/fileutils.rb, line 912
def chmod(mode, list, noop: nil, verbose: nil)
  list = fu_list(list)
  fu_output_message sprintf('chmod %s %s', mode_to_s(mode), list.join(' ')) if verbose
  return if noop
  list.each do |path|
    Entry_.new(path).chmod(fu_mode(mode, path))
  end
end
chmod_R(mode, list, noop: nil, verbose: nil, force: nil) Show source

Changes permission bits on the named files (in list) to the bit pattern represented by mode.

FileUtils.chmod_R 0700, "/tmp/app.#{$$}"
FileUtils.chmod_R "u=wrx", "/tmp/app.#{$$}"
# File lib/fileutils.rb, line 929
def chmod_R(mode, list, noop: nil, verbose: nil, force: nil)
  list = fu_list(list)
  fu_output_message sprintf('chmod -R%s %s %s',
                            (force ? 'f' : ''),
                            mode_to_s(mode), list.join(' ')) if verbose
  return if noop
  list.each do |root|
    Entry_.new(root).traverse do |ent|
      begin
        ent.chmod(fu_mode(mode, ent.path))
      rescue
        raise unless force
      end
    end
  end
end
chown(user, group, list, noop: nil, verbose: nil) Show source

Changes owner and group on the named files (in list) to the user user and the group group. user and group may be an ID (Integer/String) or a name (String). If user or group is nil, this method does not change the attribute.

FileUtils.chown 'root', 'staff', '/usr/local/bin/ruby'
FileUtils.chown nil, 'bin', Dir.glob('/usr/bin/*'), :verbose => true
# File lib/fileutils.rb, line 957
def chown(user, group, list, noop: nil, verbose: nil)
  list = fu_list(list)
  fu_output_message sprintf('chown %s %s',
                            (group ? "#{user}:#{group}" : user || ':'),
                            list.join(' ')) if verbose
  return if noop
  uid = fu_get_uid(user)
  gid = fu_get_gid(group)
  list.each do |path|
    Entry_.new(path).chown uid, gid
  end
end
chown_R(user, group, list, noop: nil, verbose: nil, force: nil) Show source

Changes owner and group on the named files (in list) to the user user and the group group recursively. user and group may be an ID (Integer/String) or a name (String). If user or group is nil, this method does not change the attribute.

FileUtils.chown_R 'www', 'www', '/var/www/htdocs'
FileUtils.chown_R 'cvs', 'cvs', '/var/cvs', :verbose => true
# File lib/fileutils.rb, line 981
def chown_R(user, group, list, noop: nil, verbose: nil, force: nil)
  list = fu_list(list)
  fu_output_message sprintf('chown -R%s %s %s',
                            (force ? 'f' : ''),
                            (group ? "#{user}:#{group}" : user || ':'),
                            list.join(' ')) if verbose
  return if noop
  uid = fu_get_uid(user)
  gid = fu_get_gid(group)
  list.each do |root|
    Entry_.new(root).traverse do |ent|
      begin
        ent.chown uid, gid
      rescue
        raise unless force
      end
    end
  end
end
cmp(a, b)
Alias for: compare_file
compare_file(a, b) Show source

Returns true if the contents of a file A and a file B are identical.

FileUtils.compare_file('somefile', 'somefile')  #=> true
FileUtils.compare_file('/bin/cp', '/bin/mv')    #=> maybe false
# File lib/fileutils.rb, line 723
def compare_file(a, b)
  return false unless File.size(a) == File.size(b)
  File.open(a, 'rb') {|fa|
    File.open(b, 'rb') {|fb|
      return compare_stream(fa, fb)
    }
  }
end
Also aliased as: identical?, cmp
compare_stream(a, b) Show source

Returns true if the contents of a stream a and b are identical.

# File lib/fileutils.rb, line 741
def compare_stream(a, b)
  bsize = fu_stream_blksize(a, b)
  sa = ""
  sb = ""
  begin
    a.read(bsize, sa)
    b.read(bsize, sb)
    return true if sa.empty? && sb.empty?
  end while sa == sb
  false
end
copy(src, dest, preserve: nil, noop: nil, verbose: nil)
Alias for: cp
copy_entry(src, dest, preserve = false, dereference_root = false, remove_destination = false) Show source

Copies a file system entry src to dest. If src is a directory, this method copies its contents recursively. This method preserves file types, c.f. symlink, directory… (FIFO, device files and etc. are not supported yet)

Both of src and dest must be a path name. src must exist, dest must not exist.

If preserve is true, this method preserves owner, group, and modified time. Permissions are copied regardless preserve.

If dereference_root is true, this method dereference tree root.

If remove_destination is true, this method removes each destination file before copy.

# File lib/fileutils.rb, line 410
def copy_entry(src, dest, preserve = false, dereference_root = false, remove_destination = false)
  Entry_.new(src, nil, dereference_root).wrap_traverse(proc do |ent|
    destent = Entry_.new(dest, ent.rel, false)
    File.unlink destent.path if remove_destination && File.file?(destent.path)
    ent.copy destent.path
  end, proc do |ent|
    destent = Entry_.new(dest, ent.rel, false)
    ent.copy_metadata destent.path if preserve
  end)
end
copy_file(src, dest, preserve = false, dereference = true) Show source

Copies file contents of src to dest. Both of src and dest must be a path name.

# File lib/fileutils.rb, line 426
def copy_file(src, dest, preserve = false, dereference = true)
  ent = Entry_.new(src, nil, dereference)
  ent.copy_file dest
  ent.copy_metadata dest if preserve
end
copy_stream(src, dest) Show source

Copies stream src to dest. src must respond to read(n) and dest must respond to write(str).

# File lib/fileutils.rb, line 438
def copy_stream(src, dest)
  IO.copy_stream(src, dest)
end
cp(src, dest, preserve: nil, noop: nil, verbose: nil) Show source

Copies a file content src to dest. If dest is a directory, copies src to dest/src.

If src is a list of files, then dest must be a directory.

FileUtils.cp 'eval.c', 'eval.c.org'
FileUtils.cp %w(cgi.rb complex.rb date.rb), '/usr/lib/ruby/1.6'
FileUtils.cp %w(cgi.rb complex.rb date.rb), '/usr/lib/ruby/1.6', :verbose => true
FileUtils.cp 'symlink', 'dest'   # copy content, "dest" is not a symlink
# File lib/fileutils.rb, line 351
def cp(src, dest, preserve: nil, noop: nil, verbose: nil)
  fu_output_message "cp#{preserve ? ' -p' : ''} #{[src,dest].flatten.join ' '}" if verbose
  return if noop
  fu_each_src_dest(src, dest) do |s, d|
    copy_file s, d, preserve
  end
end
Also aliased as: copy
cp_r(src, dest, preserve: nil, noop: nil, verbose: nil, dereference_root: true, remove_destination: nil) Show source

Copies src to dest. If src is a directory, this method copies all its contents recursively. If dest is a directory, copies src to dest/src.

src can be a list of files.

# Installing Ruby library "mylib" under the site_ruby
FileUtils.rm_r site_ruby + '/mylib', :force
FileUtils.cp_r 'lib/', site_ruby + '/mylib'

# Examples of copying several files to target directory.
FileUtils.cp_r %w(mail.rb field.rb debug/), site_ruby + '/tmail'
FileUtils.cp_r Dir.glob('*.rb'), '/home/foo/lib/ruby', :noop => true, :verbose => true

# If you want to copy all contents of a directory instead of the
# directory itself, c.f. src/x -> dest/x, src/y -> dest/y,
# use following code.
FileUtils.cp_r 'src/.', 'dest'     # cp_r('src', 'dest') makes dest/src,
                                   # but this doesn't.
# File lib/fileutils.rb, line 384
def cp_r(src, dest, preserve: nil, noop: nil, verbose: nil,
         dereference_root: true, remove_destination: nil)
  fu_output_message "cp -r#{preserve ? 'p' : ''}#{remove_destination ? ' --remove-destination' : ''} #{[src,dest].flatten.join ' '}" if verbose
  return if noop
  fu_each_src_dest(src, dest) do |s, d|
    copy_entry s, d, preserve, dereference_root, remove_destination
  end
end
getwd()
Alias for: pwd
identical?(a, b)
Alias for: compare_file
install(src, dest, mode: nil, owner: nil, group: nil, preserve: nil, noop: nil, verbose: nil) Show source

If src is not same as dest, copies it and changes the permission mode to mode. If dest is a directory, destination is dest/src. This method removes destination before copy.

FileUtils.install 'ruby', '/usr/local/bin/ruby', :mode => 0755, :verbose => true
FileUtils.install 'lib.rb', '/usr/local/lib/ruby/site_ruby', :verbose => true
# File lib/fileutils.rb, line 762
def install(src, dest, mode: nil, owner: nil, group: nil, preserve: nil,
            noop: nil, verbose: nil)
  if verbose
    msg = +"install -c"
    msg << ' -p' if preserve
    msg << ' -m ' << mode_to_s(mode) if mode
    msg << " -o #{owner}" if owner
    msg << " -g #{group}" if group
    msg << ' ' << [src,dest].flatten.join(' ')
    fu_output_message msg
  end
  return if noop
  uid = fu_get_uid(owner)
  gid = fu_get_gid(group)
  fu_each_src_dest(src, dest) do |s, d|
    st = File.stat(s)
    unless File.exist?(d) and compare_file(s, d)
      remove_file d, true
      copy_file s, d
      File.utime st.atime, st.mtime, d if preserve
      File.chmod fu_mode(mode, st), d if mode
      File.chown uid, gid, d if uid or gid
    end
  end
end
Alias for: ln
ln(target, link, force: nil, noop: nil, verbose: nil) Show source
ln(target, dir, force: nil, noop: nil, verbose: nil)
ln(targets, dir, force: nil, noop: nil, verbose: nil)

In the first form, creates a hard link link which points to target. If link already exists, raises Errno::EEXIST. But if the :force option is set, overwrites link.

FileUtils.ln 'gcc', 'cc', verbose: true
FileUtils.ln '/usr/bin/emacs21', '/usr/bin/emacs'

In the second form, creates a link dir/target pointing to target. In the third form, creates several hard links in the directory dir, pointing to each item in targets. If dir is not a directory, raises Errno::ENOTDIR.

FileUtils.cd '/sbin'
FileUtils.ln %w(cp mv mkdir), '/bin'   # Now /sbin/cp and /bin/cp are linked.
# File lib/fileutils.rb, line 281
def ln(src, dest, force: nil, noop: nil, verbose: nil)
  fu_output_message "ln#{force ? ' -f' : ''} #{[src,dest].flatten.join ' '}" if verbose
  return if noop
  fu_each_src_dest0(src, dest) do |s,d|
    remove_file d, true if force
    File.link s, d
  end
end
Also aliased as: link
ln_s(target, link, force: nil, noop: nil, verbose: nil) Show source
ln_s(target, dir, force: nil, noop: nil, verbose: nil)
ln_s(targets, dir, force: nil, noop: nil, verbose: nil)

In the first form, creates a symbolic link link which points to target. If link already exists, raises Errno::EEXIST. But if the :force option is set, overwrites link.

FileUtils.ln_s '/usr/bin/ruby', '/usr/local/bin/ruby'
FileUtils.ln_s 'verylongsourcefilename.c', 'c', force: true

In the second form, creates a link dir/target pointing to target. In the third form, creates several symbolic links in the directory dir, pointing to each item in targets. If dir is not a directory, raises Errno::ENOTDIR.

FileUtils.ln_s Dir.glob('/bin/*.rb'), '/home/foo/bin'
# File lib/fileutils.rb, line 314
def ln_s(src, dest, force: nil, noop: nil, verbose: nil)
  fu_output_message "ln -s#{force ? 'f' : ''} #{[src,dest].flatten.join ' '}" if verbose
  return if noop
  fu_each_src_dest0(src, dest) do |s,d|
    remove_file d, true if force
    File.symlink s, d
  end
end
Also aliased as: symlink
ln_sf(*args) Show source

Same as

FileUtils.ln_s(*args, force: true)
# File lib/fileutils.rb, line 335
def ln_sf(src, dest, noop: nil, verbose: nil)
  ln_s src, dest, force: true, noop: noop, verbose: verbose
end
makedirs(list, mode: nil, noop: nil, verbose: nil)
Alias for: mkdir_p
mkdir(list, mode: nil, noop: nil, verbose: nil) Show source

Creates one or more directories.

FileUtils.mkdir 'test'
FileUtils.mkdir %w( tmp data )
FileUtils.mkdir 'notexist', :noop => true  # Does not really create.
FileUtils.mkdir 'tmp', :mode => 0700
# File lib/fileutils.rb, line 159
def mkdir(list, mode: nil, noop: nil, verbose: nil)
  list = fu_list(list)
  fu_output_message "mkdir #{mode ? ('-m %03o ' % mode) : ''}#{list.join ' '}" if verbose
  return if noop

  list.each do |dir|
    fu_mkdir dir, mode
  end
end
mkdir_p(list, mode: nil, noop: nil, verbose: nil) Show source

Creates a directory and all its parent directories. For example,

FileUtils.mkdir_p '/usr/local/lib/ruby'

causes to make following directories, if it does not exist.

  • /usr

  • /usr/local

  • /usr/local/lib

  • /usr/local/lib/ruby

You can pass several directories at a time in a list.

# File lib/fileutils.rb, line 185
def mkdir_p(list, mode: nil, noop: nil, verbose: nil)
  list = fu_list(list)
  fu_output_message "mkdir -p #{mode ? ('-m %03o ' % mode) : ''}#{list.join ' '}" if verbose
  return *list if noop

  list.map {|path| remove_trailing_slash(path)}.each do |path|
    # optimize for the most common case
    begin
      fu_mkdir path, mode
      next
    rescue SystemCallError
      next if File.directory?(path)
    end

    stack = []
    until path == stack.last   # dirname("/")=="/", dirname("C:/")=="C:/"
      stack.push path
      path = File.dirname(path)
    end
    stack.reverse_each do |dir|
      begin
        fu_mkdir dir, mode
      rescue SystemCallError
        raise unless File.directory?(dir)
      end
    end
  end

  return *list
end
Also aliased as: mkpath, makedirs
mkpath(list, mode: nil, noop: nil, verbose: nil)
Alias for: mkdir_p
move(src, dest, force: nil, noop: nil, verbose: nil, secure: nil)
Alias for: mv
mv(src, dest, force: nil, noop: nil, verbose: nil, secure: nil) Show source

Moves file(s) src to dest. If file and dest exist on the different disk partition, the file is copied then the original file is removed.

FileUtils.mv 'badname.rb', 'goodname.rb'
FileUtils.mv 'stuff.rb', '/notexist/lib/ruby', :force => true  # no error

FileUtils.mv %w(junk.txt dust.txt), '/home/foo/.trash/'
FileUtils.mv Dir.glob('test*.rb'), 'test', :noop => true, :verbose => true
# File lib/fileutils.rb, line 453
def mv(src, dest, force: nil, noop: nil, verbose: nil, secure: nil)
  fu_output_message "mv#{force ? ' -f' : ''} #{[src,dest].flatten.join ' '}" if verbose
  return if noop
  fu_each_src_dest(src, dest) do |s, d|
    destent = Entry_.new(d, nil, true)
    begin
      if destent.exist?
        if destent.directory?
          raise Errno::EEXIST, d
        else
          destent.remove_file if rename_cannot_overwrite_file?
        end
      end
      begin
        File.rename s, d
      rescue Errno::EXDEV
        copy_entry s, d, true
        if secure
          remove_entry_secure s, force
        else
          remove_entry s, force
        end
      end
    rescue SystemCallError
      raise unless force
    end
  end
end
Also aliased as: move
pwd() Show source

Returns the name of the current directory.

# File lib/fileutils.rb, line 97
def pwd
  Dir.pwd
end
Also aliased as: getwd
remove(list, force: nil, noop: nil, verbose: nil)
Alias for: rm
remove_dir(path, force = false) Show source

Removes a directory dir and its contents recursively. This method ignores StandardError if force is true.

# File lib/fileutils.rb, line 712
def remove_dir(path, force = false)
  remove_entry path, force   # FIXME?? check if it is a directory
end
remove_entry(path, force = false) Show source

This method removes a file system entry path. path might be a regular file, a directory, or something. If path is a directory, remove it recursively.

See also remove_entry_secure.

# File lib/fileutils.rb, line 684
def remove_entry(path, force = false)
  Entry_.new(path).postorder_traverse do |ent|
    begin
      ent.remove
    rescue
      raise unless force
    end
  end
rescue
  raise unless force
end
remove_entry_secure(path, force = false) Show source

This method removes a file system entry path. path shall be a regular file, a directory, or something. If path is a directory, remove it recursively. This method is required to avoid TOCTTOU (time-of-check-to-time-of-use) local security vulnerability of rm_r. rm_r causes security hole when:

  • Parent directory is world writable (including /tmp).

  • Removing directory tree includes world writable directory.

  • The system has symbolic link.

To avoid this security hole, this method applies special preprocess. If path is a directory, this method chown(2) and chmod(2) all removing directories. This requires the current process is the owner of the removing whole directory tree, or is the super user (root).

WARNING: You must ensure that ALL parent directories cannot be moved by other untrusted users. For example, parent directories should not be owned by untrusted users, and should not be world writable except when the sticky bit set.

WARNING: Only the owner of the removing directory tree, or Unix super user (root) should invoke this method. Otherwise this method does not work.

For details of this security vulnerability, see Perl's case:

For fileutils.rb, this vulnerability is reported in [ruby-dev:26100].

# File lib/fileutils.rb, line 607
def remove_entry_secure(path, force = false)
  unless fu_have_symlink?
    remove_entry path, force
    return
  end
  fullpath = File.expand_path(path)
  st = File.lstat(fullpath)
  unless st.directory?
    File.unlink fullpath
    return
  end
  # is a directory.
  parent_st = File.stat(File.dirname(fullpath))
  unless parent_st.world_writable?
    remove_entry path, force
    return
  end
  unless parent_st.sticky?
    raise ArgumentError, "parent directory is world writable, FileUtils#remove_entry_secure does not work; abort: #{path.inspect} (parent directory mode #{'%o' % parent_st.mode})"
  end
  # freeze tree root
  euid = Process.euid
  File.open(fullpath + '/.') {|f|
    unless fu_stat_identical_entry?(st, f.stat)
      # symlink (TOC-to-TOU attack?)
      File.unlink fullpath
      return
    end
    f.chown euid, -1
    f.chmod 0700
    unless fu_stat_identical_entry?(st, File.lstat(fullpath))
      # TOC-to-TOU attack?
      File.unlink fullpath
      return
    end
  }
  # ---- tree root is frozen ----
  root = Entry_.new(path)
  root.preorder_traverse do |ent|
    if ent.directory?
      ent.chown euid, -1
      ent.chmod 0700
    end
  end
  root.postorder_traverse do |ent|
    begin
      ent.remove
    rescue
      raise unless force
    end
  end
rescue
  raise unless force
end
remove_file(path, force = false) Show source

Removes a file path. This method ignores StandardError if force is true.

# File lib/fileutils.rb, line 701
def remove_file(path, force = false)
  Entry_.new(path).remove_file
rescue
  raise unless force
end
rm(list, force: nil, noop: nil, verbose: nil) Show source

Remove file(s) specified in list. This method cannot remove directories. All StandardErrors are ignored when the :force option is set.

FileUtils.rm %w( junk.txt dust.txt )
FileUtils.rm Dir.glob('*.so')
FileUtils.rm 'NotExistFile', :force => true   # never raises exception
# File lib/fileutils.rb, line 499
def rm(list, force: nil, noop: nil, verbose: nil)
  list = fu_list(list)
  fu_output_message "rm#{force ? ' -f' : ''} #{list.join ' '}" if verbose
  return if noop

  list.each do |path|
    remove_file path, force
  end
end
Also aliased as: remove
rm_f(list, noop: nil, verbose: nil) Show source

Equivalent to

FileUtils.rm(list, :force => true)
# File lib/fileutils.rb, line 518
def rm_f(list, noop: nil, verbose: nil)
  rm list, force: true, noop: noop, verbose: verbose
end
Also aliased as: safe_unlink
rm_r(list, force: nil, noop: nil, verbose: nil, secure: nil) Show source

remove files list[0] list[1]… If list[n] is a directory, removes its all contents recursively. This method ignores StandardError when :force option is set.

FileUtils.rm_r Dir.glob('/tmp/*')
FileUtils.rm_r 'some_dir', :force => true

WARNING: This method causes local vulnerability if one of parent directories or removing directory tree are world writable (including /tmp, whose permission is 1777), and the current process has strong privilege such as Unix super user (root), and the system has symbolic link. For secure removing, read the documentation of remove_entry_secure carefully, and set :secure option to true. Default is :secure=>false.

NOTE: This method calls remove_entry_secure if :secure option is set. See also remove_entry_secure.

# File lib/fileutils.rb, line 545
def rm_r(list, force: nil, noop: nil, verbose: nil, secure: nil)
  list = fu_list(list)
  fu_output_message "rm -r#{force ? 'f' : ''} #{list.join ' '}" if verbose
  return if noop
  list.each do |path|
    if secure
      remove_entry_secure path, force
    else
      remove_entry path, force
    end
  end
end
rm_rf(list, noop: nil, verbose: nil, secure: nil) Show source

Equivalent to

FileUtils.rm_r(list, :force => true)

WARNING: This method causes local vulnerability. Read the documentation of rm_r first.

# File lib/fileutils.rb, line 567
def rm_rf(list, noop: nil, verbose: nil, secure: nil)
  rm_r list, force: true, noop: noop, verbose: verbose, secure: secure
end
Also aliased as: rmtree
rmdir(list, parents: nil, noop: nil, verbose: nil) Show source

Removes one or more directories.

FileUtils.rmdir 'somedir'
FileUtils.rmdir %w(somedir anydir otherdir)
# Does not really remove directory; outputs message.
FileUtils.rmdir 'somedir', :verbose => true, :noop => true
# File lib/fileutils.rb, line 241
def rmdir(list, parents: nil, noop: nil, verbose: nil)
  list = fu_list(list)
  fu_output_message "rmdir #{parents ? '-p ' : ''}#{list.join ' '}" if verbose
  return if noop
  list.each do |dir|
    begin
      Dir.rmdir(dir = remove_trailing_slash(dir))
      if parents
        until (parent = File.dirname(dir)) == '.' or parent == dir
          dir = parent
          Dir.rmdir(dir)
        end
      end
    rescue Errno::ENOTEMPTY, Errno::EEXIST, Errno::ENOENT
    end
  end
end
rmtree(list, noop: nil, verbose: nil, secure: nil)
Alias for: rm_rf
Alias for: rm_f
Alias for: ln_s
touch(list, noop: nil, verbose: nil, mtime: nil, nocreate: nil) Show source

Updates modification time (mtime) and access time (atime) of file(s) in list. Files are created if they don't exist.

FileUtils.touch 'timestamp'
FileUtils.touch Dir.glob('*.c');  system 'make'
# File lib/fileutils.rb, line 1040
def touch(list, noop: nil, verbose: nil, mtime: nil, nocreate: nil)
  list = fu_list(list)
  t = mtime
  if verbose
    fu_output_message "touch #{nocreate ? '-c ' : ''}#{t ? t.strftime('-t %Y%m%d%H%M.%S ') : ''}#{list.join ' '}"
  end
  return if noop
  list.each do |path|
    created = nocreate
    begin
      File.utime(t, t, path)
    rescue Errno::ENOENT
      raise if created
      File.open(path, 'a') {
        ;
      }
      created = true
      retry if t
    end
  end
end
uptodate?(new, old_list) Show source

Returns true if new is newer than all old_list. Non-existent files are older than any file.

FileUtils.uptodate?('hello.o', %w(hello.c hello.h)) or      system 'make hello.o'
# File lib/fileutils.rb, line 134
def uptodate?(new, old_list)
  return false unless File.exist?(new)
  new_time = File.mtime(new)
  old_list.each do |old|
    if File.exist?(old)
      return false unless new_time > File.mtime(old)
    end
  end
  true
end

Private Class Methods

collect_method(opt) Show source

Returns an Array of method names which have the option opt.

p FileUtils.collect_method(:preserve) #=> ["cp", "cp_r", "copy", "install"]
# File lib/fileutils.rb, line 1547
def self.collect_method(opt)
  OPT_TABLE.keys.select {|m| OPT_TABLE[m].include?(opt) }
end
commands() Show source

Returns an Array of method names which have any options.

p FileUtils.commands  #=> ["chmod", "cp", "cp_r", "install", ...]
# File lib/fileutils.rb, line 1508
def self.commands
  OPT_TABLE.keys
end
have_option?(mid, opt) Show source

Returns true if the method mid have an option opt.

p FileUtils.have_option?(:cp, :noop)     #=> true
p FileUtils.have_option?(:rm, :force)    #=> true
p FileUtils.have_option?(:rm, :preserve) #=> false
# File lib/fileutils.rb, line 1528
def self.have_option?(mid, opt)
  li = OPT_TABLE[mid.to_s] or raise ArgumentError, "no such method: #{mid}"
  li.include?(opt)
end
options() Show source

Returns an Array of option names.

p FileUtils.options  #=> ["noop", "force", "verbose", "preserve", "mode"]
# File lib/fileutils.rb, line 1517
def self.options
  OPT_TABLE.values.flatten.uniq.map {|sym| sym.to_s }
end
options_of(mid) Show source

Returns an Array of option names of the method mid.

p FileUtils.options_of(:rm)  #=> ["noop", "verbose", "force"]
# File lib/fileutils.rb, line 1538
def self.options_of(mid)
  OPT_TABLE[mid.to_s].map {|sym| sym.to_s }
end

Private Instance Methods

cd(dir, verbose: nil) { |dir| ... } Show source

Changes the current directory to the directory dir.

If this method is called with block, resumes to the old working directory after the block execution finished.

FileUtils.cd('/', :verbose => true)   # chdir and report it

FileUtils.cd('/') do  # chdir
  # ...               # do something
end                   # return to original directory
# File lib/fileutils.rb, line 117
def cd(dir, verbose: nil, &block) # :yield: dir
  fu_output_message "cd #{dir}" if verbose
  Dir.chdir(dir, &block)
  fu_output_message 'cd -' if verbose and block
end
Also aliased as: chdir
chdir(dir, verbose: nil)
Alias for: cd
chmod(mode, list, noop: nil, verbose: nil) Show source

Changes permission bits on the named files (in list) to the bit pattern represented by mode.

mode is the symbolic and absolute mode can be used.

Absolute mode is

FileUtils.chmod 0755, 'somecommand'
FileUtils.chmod 0644, %w(my.rb your.rb his.rb her.rb)
FileUtils.chmod 0755, '/usr/bin/ruby', :verbose => true

Symbolic mode is

FileUtils.chmod "u=wrx,go=rx", 'somecommand'
FileUtils.chmod "u=wr,go=rr", %w(my.rb your.rb his.rb her.rb)
FileUtils.chmod "u=wrx,go=rx", '/usr/bin/ruby', :verbose => true
“a”

is user, group, other mask.

“u”

is user's mask.

“g”

is group's mask.

“o”

is other's mask.

“w”

is write permission.

“r”

is read permission.

“x”

is execute permission.

“X”

is execute permission for directories only, must be used in conjunction with “+”

“s”

is uid, gid.

“t”

is sticky bit.

“+”

is added to a class given the specified mode.

“-”

Is removed from a given class given mode.

“=”

Is the exact nature of the class will be given a specified mode.

# File lib/fileutils.rb, line 912
def chmod(mode, list, noop: nil, verbose: nil)
  list = fu_list(list)
  fu_output_message sprintf('chmod %s %s', mode_to_s(mode), list.join(' ')) if verbose
  return if noop
  list.each do |path|
    Entry_.new(path).chmod(fu_mode(mode, path))
  end
end
chmod_R(mode, list, noop: nil, verbose: nil, force: nil) Show source

Changes permission bits on the named files (in list) to the bit pattern represented by mode.

FileUtils.chmod_R 0700, "/tmp/app.#{$$}"
FileUtils.chmod_R "u=wrx", "/tmp/app.#{$$}"
# File lib/fileutils.rb, line 929
def chmod_R(mode, list, noop: nil, verbose: nil, force: nil)
  list = fu_list(list)
  fu_output_message sprintf('chmod -R%s %s %s',
                            (force ? 'f' : ''),
                            mode_to_s(mode), list.join(' ')) if verbose
  return if noop
  list.each do |root|
    Entry_.new(root).traverse do |ent|
      begin
        ent.chmod(fu_mode(mode, ent.path))
      rescue
        raise unless force
      end
    end
  end
end
chown(user, group, list, noop: nil, verbose: nil) Show source

Changes owner and group on the named files (in list) to the user user and the group group. user and group may be an ID (Integer/String) or a name (String). If user or group is nil, this method does not change the attribute.

FileUtils.chown 'root', 'staff', '/usr/local/bin/ruby'
FileUtils.chown nil, 'bin', Dir.glob('/usr/bin/*'), :verbose => true
# File lib/fileutils.rb, line 957
def chown(user, group, list, noop: nil, verbose: nil)
  list = fu_list(list)
  fu_output_message sprintf('chown %s %s',
                            (group ? "#{user}:#{group}" : user || ':'),
                            list.join(' ')) if verbose
  return if noop
  uid = fu_get_uid(user)
  gid = fu_get_gid(group)
  list.each do |path|
    Entry_.new(path).chown uid, gid
  end
end
chown_R(user, group, list, noop: nil, verbose: nil, force: nil) Show source

Changes owner and group on the named files (in list) to the user user and the group group recursively. user and group may be an ID (Integer/String) or a name (String). If user or group is nil, this method does not change the attribute.

FileUtils.chown_R 'www', 'www', '/var/www/htdocs'
FileUtils.chown_R 'cvs', 'cvs', '/var/cvs', :verbose => true
# File lib/fileutils.rb, line 981
def chown_R(user, group, list, noop: nil, verbose: nil, force: nil)
  list = fu_list(list)
  fu_output_message sprintf('chown -R%s %s %s',
                            (force ? 'f' : ''),
                            (group ? "#{user}:#{group}" : user || ':'),
                            list.join(' ')) if verbose
  return if noop
  uid = fu_get_uid(user)
  gid = fu_get_gid(group)
  list.each do |root|
    Entry_.new(root).traverse do |ent|
      begin
        ent.chown uid, gid
      rescue
        raise unless force
      end
    end
  end
end
cmp(a, b)
Alias for: compare_file
compare_file(a, b) Show source

Returns true if the contents of a file A and a file B are identical.

FileUtils.compare_file('somefile', 'somefile')  #=> true
FileUtils.compare_file('/bin/cp', '/bin/mv')    #=> maybe false
# File lib/fileutils.rb, line 723
def compare_file(a, b)
  return false unless File.size(a) == File.size(b)
  File.open(a, 'rb') {|fa|
    File.open(b, 'rb') {|fb|
      return compare_stream(fa, fb)
    }
  }
end
Also aliased as: identical?, cmp
compare_stream(a, b) Show source

Returns true if the contents of a stream a and b are identical.

# File lib/fileutils.rb, line 741
def compare_stream(a, b)
  bsize = fu_stream_blksize(a, b)
  sa = ""
  sb = ""
  begin
    a.read(bsize, sa)
    b.read(bsize, sb)
    return true if sa.empty? && sb.empty?
  end while sa == sb
  false
end
copy(src, dest, preserve: nil, noop: nil, verbose: nil)
Alias for: cp
copy_entry(src, dest, preserve = false, dereference_root = false, remove_destination = false) Show source

Copies a file system entry src to dest. If src is a directory, this method copies its contents recursively. This method preserves file types, c.f. symlink, directory… (FIFO, device files and etc. are not supported yet)

Both of src and dest must be a path name. src must exist, dest must not exist.

If preserve is true, this method preserves owner, group, and modified time. Permissions are copied regardless preserve.

If dereference_root is true, this method dereference tree root.

If remove_destination is true, this method removes each destination file before copy.

# File lib/fileutils.rb, line 410
def copy_entry(src, dest, preserve = false, dereference_root = false, remove_destination = false)
  Entry_.new(src, nil, dereference_root).wrap_traverse(proc do |ent|
    destent = Entry_.new(dest, ent.rel, false)
    File.unlink destent.path if remove_destination && File.file?(destent.path)
    ent.copy destent.path
  end, proc do |ent|
    destent = Entry_.new(dest, ent.rel, false)
    ent.copy_metadata destent.path if preserve
  end)
end
copy_file(src, dest, preserve = false, dereference = true) Show source

Copies file contents of src to dest. Both of src and dest must be a path name.

# File lib/fileutils.rb, line 426
def copy_file(src, dest, preserve = false, dereference = true)
  ent = Entry_.new(src, nil, dereference)
  ent.copy_file dest
  ent.copy_metadata dest if preserve
end
copy_stream(src, dest) Show source

Copies stream src to dest. src must respond to read(n) and dest must respond to write(str).

# File lib/fileutils.rb, line 438
def copy_stream(src, dest)
  IO.copy_stream(src, dest)
end
cp(src, dest, preserve: nil, noop: nil, verbose: nil) Show source

Copies a file content src to dest. If dest is a directory, copies src to dest/src.

If src is a list of files, then dest must be a directory.

FileUtils.cp 'eval.c', 'eval.c.org'
FileUtils.cp %w(cgi.rb complex.rb date.rb), '/usr/lib/ruby/1.6'
FileUtils.cp %w(cgi.rb complex.rb date.rb), '/usr/lib/ruby/1.6', :verbose => true
FileUtils.cp 'symlink', 'dest'   # copy content, "dest" is not a symlink
# File lib/fileutils.rb, line 351
def cp(src, dest, preserve: nil, noop: nil, verbose: nil)
  fu_output_message "cp#{preserve ? ' -p' : ''} #{[src,dest].flatten.join ' '}" if verbose
  return if noop
  fu_each_src_dest(src, dest) do |s, d|
    copy_file s, d, preserve
  end
end
Also aliased as: copy
cp_r(src, dest, preserve: nil, noop: nil, verbose: nil, dereference_root: true, remove_destination: nil) Show source

Copies src to dest. If src is a directory, this method copies all its contents recursively. If dest is a directory, copies src to dest/src.

src can be a list of files.

# Installing Ruby library "mylib" under the site_ruby
FileUtils.rm_r site_ruby + '/mylib', :force
FileUtils.cp_r 'lib/', site_ruby + '/mylib'

# Examples of copying several files to target directory.
FileUtils.cp_r %w(mail.rb field.rb debug/), site_ruby + '/tmail'
FileUtils.cp_r Dir.glob('*.rb'), '/home/foo/lib/ruby', :noop => true, :verbose => true

# If you want to copy all contents of a directory instead of the
# directory itself, c.f. src/x -> dest/x, src/y -> dest/y,
# use following code.
FileUtils.cp_r 'src/.', 'dest'     # cp_r('src', 'dest') makes dest/src,
                                   # but this doesn't.
# File lib/fileutils.rb, line 384
def cp_r(src, dest, preserve: nil, noop: nil, verbose: nil,
         dereference_root: true, remove_destination: nil)
  fu_output_message "cp -r#{preserve ? 'p' : ''}#{remove_destination ? ' --remove-destination' : ''} #{[src,dest].flatten.join ' '}" if verbose
  return if noop
  fu_each_src_dest(src, dest) do |s, d|
    copy_entry s, d, preserve, dereference_root, remove_destination
  end
end
getwd()
Alias for: pwd
identical?(a, b)
Alias for: compare_file
install(src, dest, mode: nil, owner: nil, group: nil, preserve: nil, noop: nil, verbose: nil) Show source

If src is not same as dest, copies it and changes the permission mode to mode. If dest is a directory, destination is dest/src. This method removes destination before copy.

FileUtils.install 'ruby', '/usr/local/bin/ruby', :mode => 0755, :verbose => true
FileUtils.install 'lib.rb', '/usr/local/lib/ruby/site_ruby', :verbose => true
# File lib/fileutils.rb, line 762
def install(src, dest, mode: nil, owner: nil, group: nil, preserve: nil,
            noop: nil, verbose: nil)
  if verbose
    msg = +"install -c"
    msg << ' -p' if preserve
    msg << ' -m ' << mode_to_s(mode) if mode
    msg << " -o #{owner}" if owner
    msg << " -g #{group}" if group
    msg << ' ' << [src,dest].flatten.join(' ')
    fu_output_message msg
  end
  return if noop
  uid = fu_get_uid(owner)
  gid = fu_get_gid(group)
  fu_each_src_dest(src, dest) do |s, d|
    st = File.stat(s)
    unless File.exist?(d) and compare_file(s, d)
      remove_file d, true
      copy_file s, d
      File.utime st.atime, st.mtime, d if preserve
      File.chmod fu_mode(mode, st), d if mode
      File.chown uid, gid, d if uid or gid
    end
  end
end
Alias for: ln
ln(target, link, force: nil, noop: nil, verbose: nil) Show source
ln(target, dir, force: nil, noop: nil, verbose: nil)
ln(targets, dir, force: nil, noop: nil, verbose: nil)

In the first form, creates a hard link link which points to target. If link already exists, raises Errno::EEXIST. But if the :force option is set, overwrites link.

FileUtils.ln 'gcc', 'cc', verbose: true
FileUtils.ln '/usr/bin/emacs21', '/usr/bin/emacs'

In the second form, creates a link dir/target pointing to target. In the third form, creates several hard links in the directory dir, pointing to each item in targets. If dir is not a directory, raises Errno::ENOTDIR.

FileUtils.cd '/sbin'
FileUtils.ln %w(cp mv mkdir), '/bin'   # Now /sbin/cp and /bin/cp are linked.
# File lib/fileutils.rb, line 281
def ln(src, dest, force: nil, noop: nil, verbose: nil)
  fu_output_message "ln#{force ? ' -f' : ''} #{[src,dest].flatten.join ' '}" if verbose
  return if noop
  fu_each_src_dest0(src, dest) do |s,d|
    remove_file d, true if force
    File.link s, d
  end
end
Also aliased as: link
ln_s(target, link, force: nil, noop: nil, verbose: nil) Show source
ln_s(target, dir, force: nil, noop: nil, verbose: nil)
ln_s(targets, dir, force: nil, noop: nil, verbose: nil)

In the first form, creates a symbolic link link which points to target. If link already exists, raises Errno::EEXIST. But if the :force option is set, overwrites link.

FileUtils.ln_s '/usr/bin/ruby', '/usr/local/bin/ruby'
FileUtils.ln_s 'verylongsourcefilename.c', 'c', force: true

In the second form, creates a link dir/target pointing to target. In the third form, creates several symbolic links in the directory dir, pointing to each item in targets. If dir is not a directory, raises Errno::ENOTDIR.

FileUtils.ln_s Dir.glob('/bin/*.rb'), '/home/foo/bin'
# File lib/fileutils.rb, line 314
def ln_s(src, dest, force: nil, noop: nil, verbose: nil)
  fu_output_message "ln -s#{force ? 'f' : ''} #{[src,dest].flatten.join ' '}" if verbose
  return if noop
  fu_each_src_dest0(src, dest) do |s,d|
    remove_file d, true if force
    File.symlink s, d
  end
end
Also aliased as: symlink
ln_sf(*args) Show source

Same as

FileUtils.ln_s(*args, force: true)
# File lib/fileutils.rb, line 335
def ln_sf(src, dest, noop: nil, verbose: nil)
  ln_s src, dest, force: true, noop: noop, verbose: verbose
end
makedirs(list, mode: nil, noop: nil, verbose: nil)
Alias for: mkdir_p
mkdir(list, mode: nil, noop: nil, verbose: nil) Show source

Creates one or more directories.

FileUtils.mkdir 'test'
FileUtils.mkdir %w( tmp data )
FileUtils.mkdir 'notexist', :noop => true  # Does not really create.
FileUtils.mkdir 'tmp', :mode => 0700
# File lib/fileutils.rb, line 159
def mkdir(list, mode: nil, noop: nil, verbose: nil)
  list = fu_list(list)
  fu_output_message "mkdir #{mode ? ('-m %03o ' % mode) : ''}#{list.join ' '}" if verbose
  return if noop

  list.each do |dir|
    fu_mkdir dir, mode
  end
end
mkdir_p(list, mode: nil, noop: nil, verbose: nil) Show source

Creates a directory and all its parent directories. For example,

FileUtils.mkdir_p '/usr/local/lib/ruby'

causes to make following directories, if it does not exist.

  • /usr

  • /usr/local

  • /usr/local/lib

  • /usr/local/lib/ruby

You can pass several directories at a time in a list.

# File lib/fileutils.rb, line 185
def mkdir_p(list, mode: nil, noop: nil, verbose: nil)
  list = fu_list(list)
  fu_output_message "mkdir -p #{mode ? ('-m %03o ' % mode) : ''}#{list.join ' '}" if verbose
  return *list if noop

  list.map {|path| remove_trailing_slash(path)}.each do |path|
    # optimize for the most common case
    begin
      fu_mkdir path, mode
      next
    rescue SystemCallError
      next if File.directory?(path)
    end

    stack = []
    until path == stack.last   # dirname("/")=="/", dirname("C:/")=="C:/"
      stack.push path
      path = File.dirname(path)
    end
    stack.reverse_each do |dir|
      begin
        fu_mkdir dir, mode
      rescue SystemCallError
        raise unless File.directory?(dir)
      end
    end
  end

  return *list
end
Also aliased as: mkpath, makedirs
mkpath(list, mode: nil, noop: nil, verbose: nil)
Alias for: mkdir_p
move(src, dest, force: nil, noop: nil, verbose: nil, secure: nil)
Alias for: mv
mv(src, dest, force: nil, noop: nil, verbose: nil, secure: nil) Show source

Moves file(s) src to dest. If file and dest exist on the different disk partition, the file is copied then the original file is removed.

FileUtils.mv 'badname.rb', 'goodname.rb'
FileUtils.mv 'stuff.rb', '/notexist/lib/ruby', :force => true  # no error

FileUtils.mv %w(junk.txt dust.txt), '/home/foo/.trash/'
FileUtils.mv Dir.glob('test*.rb'), 'test', :noop => true, :verbose => true
# File lib/fileutils.rb, line 453
def mv(src, dest, force: nil, noop: nil, verbose: nil, secure: nil)
  fu_output_message "mv#{force ? ' -f' : ''} #{[src,dest].flatten.join ' '}" if verbose
  return if noop
  fu_each_src_dest(src, dest) do |s, d|
    destent = Entry_.new(d, nil, true)
    begin
      if destent.exist?
        if destent.directory?
          raise Errno::EEXIST, d
        else
          destent.remove_file if rename_cannot_overwrite_file?
        end
      end
      begin
        File.rename s, d
      rescue Errno::EXDEV
        copy_entry s, d, true
        if secure
          remove_entry_secure s, force
        else
          remove_entry s, force
        end
      end
    rescue SystemCallError
      raise unless force
    end
  end
end
Also aliased as: move
pwd() Show source

Returns the name of the current directory.

# File lib/fileutils.rb, line 97
def pwd
  Dir.pwd
end
Also aliased as: getwd
remove(list, force: nil, noop: nil, verbose: nil)
Alias for: rm
remove_dir(path, force = false) Show source

Removes a directory dir and its contents recursively. This method ignores StandardError if force is true.

# File lib/fileutils.rb, line 712
def remove_dir(path, force = false)
  remove_entry path, force   # FIXME?? check if it is a directory
end
remove_entry(path, force = false) Show source

This method removes a file system entry path. path might be a regular file, a directory, or something. If path is a directory, remove it recursively.

See also remove_entry_secure.

# File lib/fileutils.rb, line 684
def remove_entry(path, force = false)
  Entry_.new(path).postorder_traverse do |ent|
    begin
      ent.remove
    rescue
      raise unless force
    end
  end
rescue
  raise unless force
end
remove_entry_secure(path, force = false) Show source

This method removes a file system entry path. path shall be a regular file, a directory, or something. If path is a directory, remove it recursively. This method is required to avoid TOCTTOU (time-of-check-to-time-of-use) local security vulnerability of rm_r. rm_r causes security hole when:

  • Parent directory is world writable (including /tmp).

  • Removing directory tree includes world writable directory.

  • The system has symbolic link.

To avoid this security hole, this method applies special preprocess. If path is a directory, this method chown(2) and chmod(2) all removing directories. This requires the current process is the owner of the removing whole directory tree, or is the super user (root).

WARNING: You must ensure that ALL parent directories cannot be moved by other untrusted users. For example, parent directories should not be owned by untrusted users, and should not be world writable except when the sticky bit set.

WARNING: Only the owner of the removing directory tree, or Unix super user (root) should invoke this method. Otherwise this method does not work.

For details of this security vulnerability, see Perl's case:

For fileutils.rb, this vulnerability is reported in [ruby-dev:26100].

# File lib/fileutils.rb, line 607
def remove_entry_secure(path, force = false)
  unless fu_have_symlink?
    remove_entry path, force
    return
  end
  fullpath = File.expand_path(path)
  st = File.lstat(fullpath)
  unless st.directory?
    File.unlink fullpath
    return
  end
  # is a directory.
  parent_st = File.stat(File.dirname(fullpath))
  unless parent_st.world_writable?
    remove_entry path, force
    return
  end
  unless parent_st.sticky?
    raise ArgumentError, "parent directory is world writable, FileUtils#remove_entry_secure does not work; abort: #{path.inspect} (parent directory mode #{'%o' % parent_st.mode})"
  end
  # freeze tree root
  euid = Process.euid
  File.open(fullpath + '/.') {|f|
    unless fu_stat_identical_entry?(st, f.stat)
      # symlink (TOC-to-TOU attack?)
      File.unlink fullpath
      return
    end
    f.chown euid, -1
    f.chmod 0700
    unless fu_stat_identical_entry?(st, File.lstat(fullpath))
      # TOC-to-TOU attack?
      File.unlink fullpath
      return
    end
  }
  # ---- tree root is frozen ----
  root = Entry_.new(path)
  root.preorder_traverse do |ent|
    if ent.directory?
      ent.chown euid, -1
      ent.chmod 0700
    end
  end
  root.postorder_traverse do |ent|
    begin
      ent.remove
    rescue
      raise unless force
    end
  end
rescue
  raise unless force
end
remove_file(path, force = false) Show source

Removes a file path. This method ignores StandardError if force is true.

# File lib/fileutils.rb, line 701
def remove_file(path, force = false)
  Entry_.new(path).remove_file
rescue
  raise unless force
end
rm(list, force: nil, noop: nil, verbose: nil) Show source

Remove file(s) specified in list. This method cannot remove directories. All StandardErrors are ignored when the :force option is set.

FileUtils.rm %w( junk.txt dust.txt )
FileUtils.rm Dir.glob('*.so')
FileUtils.rm 'NotExistFile', :force => true   # never raises exception
# File lib/fileutils.rb, line 499
def rm(list, force: nil, noop: nil, verbose: nil)
  list = fu_list(list)
  fu_output_message "rm#{force ? ' -f' : ''} #{list.join ' '}" if verbose
  return if noop

  list.each do |path|
    remove_file path, force
  end
end
Also aliased as: remove
rm_f(list, noop: nil, verbose: nil) Show source

Equivalent to

FileUtils.rm(list, :force => true)
# File lib/fileutils.rb, line 518
def rm_f(list, noop: nil, verbose: nil)
  rm list, force: true, noop: noop, verbose: verbose
end
Also aliased as: safe_unlink
rm_r(list, force: nil, noop: nil, verbose: nil, secure: nil) Show source

remove files list[0] list[1]… If list[n] is a directory, removes its all contents recursively. This method ignores StandardError when :force option is set.

FileUtils.rm_r Dir.glob('/tmp/*')
FileUtils.rm_r 'some_dir', :force => true

WARNING: This method causes local vulnerability if one of parent directories or removing directory tree are world writable (including /tmp, whose permission is 1777), and the current process has strong privilege such as Unix super user (root), and the system has symbolic link. For secure removing, read the documentation of remove_entry_secure carefully, and set :secure option to true. Default is :secure=>false.

NOTE: This method calls remove_entry_secure if :secure option is set. See also remove_entry_secure.

# File lib/fileutils.rb, line 545
def rm_r(list, force: nil, noop: nil, verbose: nil, secure: nil)
  list = fu_list(list)
  fu_output_message "rm -r#{force ? 'f' : ''} #{list.join ' '}" if verbose
  return if noop
  list.each do |path|
    if secure
      remove_entry_secure path, force
    else
      remove_entry path, force
    end
  end
end
rm_rf(list, noop: nil, verbose: nil, secure: nil) Show source

Equivalent to

FileUtils.rm_r(list, :force => true)

WARNING: This method causes local vulnerability. Read the documentation of rm_r first.

# File lib/fileutils.rb, line 567
def rm_rf(list, noop: nil, verbose: nil, secure: nil)
  rm_r list, force: true, noop: noop, verbose: verbose, secure: secure
end
Also aliased as: rmtree
rmdir(list, parents: nil, noop: nil, verbose: nil) Show source

Removes one or more directories.

FileUtils.rmdir 'somedir'
FileUtils.rmdir %w(somedir anydir otherdir)
# Does not really remove directory; outputs message.
FileUtils.rmdir 'somedir', :verbose => true, :noop => true
# File lib/fileutils.rb, line 241
def rmdir(list, parents: nil, noop: nil, verbose: nil)
  list = fu_list(list)
  fu_output_message "rmdir #{parents ? '-p ' : ''}#{list.join ' '}" if verbose
  return if noop
  list.each do |dir|
    begin
      Dir.rmdir(dir = remove_trailing_slash(dir))
      if parents
        until (parent = File.dirname(dir)) == '.' or parent == dir
          dir = parent
          Dir.rmdir(dir)
        end
      end
    rescue Errno::ENOTEMPTY, Errno::EEXIST, Errno::ENOENT
    end
  end
end
rmtree(list, noop: nil, verbose: nil, secure: nil)
Alias for: rm_rf
Alias for: rm_f
Alias for: ln_s
touch(list, noop: nil, verbose: nil, mtime: nil, nocreate: nil) Show source

Updates modification time (mtime) and access time (atime) of file(s) in list. Files are created if they don't exist.

FileUtils.touch 'timestamp'
FileUtils.touch Dir.glob('*.c');  system 'make'
# File lib/fileutils.rb, line 1040
def touch(list, noop: nil, verbose: nil, mtime: nil, nocreate: nil)
  list = fu_list(list)
  t = mtime
  if verbose
    fu_output_message "touch #{nocreate ? '-c ' : ''}#{t ? t.strftime('-t %Y%m%d%H%M.%S ') : ''}#{list.join ' '}"
  end
  return if noop
  list.each do |path|
    created = nocreate
    begin
      File.utime(t, t, path)
    rescue Errno::ENOENT
      raise if created
      File.open(path, 'a') {
        ;
      }
      created = true
      retry if t
    end
  end
end
uptodate?(new, old_list) Show source

Returns true if new is newer than all old_list. Non-existent files are older than any file.

FileUtils.uptodate?('hello.o', %w(hello.c hello.h)) or      system 'make hello.o'
# File lib/fileutils.rb, line 134
def uptodate?(new, old_list)
  return false unless File.exist?(new)
  new_time = File.mtime(new)
  old_list.each do |old|
    if File.exist?(old)
      return false unless new_time > File.mtime(old)
    end
  end
  true
end

Ruby Core © 1993–2017 Yukihiro Matsumoto
Licensed under the Ruby License.
Ruby Standard Library © contributors
Licensed under their own licenses.