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/Rust

Struct std::io::Error

pub struct Error { /* fields omitted */ }

The error type for I/O operations of the Read, Write, Seek, and associated traits.

Errors mostly originate from the underlying OS, but custom instances of Error can be created with crafted error messages and a particular value of ErrorKind.

Methods

impl Error [src]

Creates a new I/O error from a known kind of error as well as an arbitrary error payload.

This function is used to generically create I/O errors which do not originate from the OS itself. The error argument is an arbitrary payload which will be contained in this Error.

Examples

use std::io::{Error, ErrorKind};

// errors can be created from strings
let custom_error = Error::new(ErrorKind::Other, "oh no!");

// errors can also be created from other errors
let custom_error2 = Error::new(ErrorKind::Interrupted, custom_error);

Returns an error representing the last OS error which occurred.

This function reads the value of errno for the target platform (e.g. GetLastError on Windows) and will return a corresponding instance of Error for the error code.

Examples

use std::io::Error;

println!("last OS error: {:?}", Error::last_os_error());

Creates a new instance of an Error from a particular OS error code.

Examples

On Linux:

use std::io;

let error = io::Error::from_raw_os_error(98);
assert_eq!(error.kind(), io::ErrorKind::AddrInUse);

On Windows:

use std::io;

let error = io::Error::from_raw_os_error(10048);
assert_eq!(error.kind(), io::ErrorKind::AddrInUse);

Returns the OS error that this error represents (if any).

If this Error was constructed via last_os_error or from_raw_os_error, then this function will return Some, otherwise it will return None.

Examples

use std::io::{Error, ErrorKind};

fn print_os_error(err: &Error) {
    if let Some(raw_os_err) = err.raw_os_error() {
        println!("raw OS error: {:?}", raw_os_err);
    } else {
        println!("Not an OS error");
    }
}

fn main() {
    // Will print "raw OS error: ...".
    print_os_error(&Error::last_os_error());
    // Will print "Not an OS error".
    print_os_error(&Error::new(ErrorKind::Other, "oh no!"));
}

Returns a reference to the inner error wrapped by this error (if any).

If this Error was constructed via new then this function will return Some, otherwise it will return None.

Examples

use std::io::{Error, ErrorKind};

fn print_error(err: &Error) {
    if let Some(inner_err) = err.get_ref() {
        println!("Inner error: {:?}", inner_err);
    } else {
        println!("No inner error");
    }
}

fn main() {
    // Will print "No inner error".
    print_error(&Error::last_os_error());
    // Will print "Inner error: ...".
    print_error(&Error::new(ErrorKind::Other, "oh no!"));
}

Returns a mutable reference to the inner error wrapped by this error (if any).

If this Error was constructed via new then this function will return Some, otherwise it will return None.

Examples

use std::io::{Error, ErrorKind};
use std::{error, fmt};
use std::fmt::Display;

#[derive(Debug)]
struct MyError {
    v: String,
}

impl MyError {
    fn new() -> MyError {
        MyError {
            v: "oh no!".to_string()
        }
    }

    fn change_message(&mut self, new_message: &str) {
        self.v = new_message.to_string();
    }
}

impl error::Error for MyError {
    fn description(&self) -> &str { &self.v }
}

impl Display for MyError {
    fn fmt(&self, f: &mut fmt::Formatter) -> fmt::Result {
        write!(f, "MyError: {}", &self.v)
    }
}

fn change_error(mut err: Error) -> Error {
    if let Some(inner_err) = err.get_mut() {
        inner_err.downcast_mut::<MyError>().unwrap().change_message("I've been changed!");
    }
    err
}

fn print_error(err: &Error) {
    if let Some(inner_err) = err.get_ref() {
        println!("Inner error: {}", inner_err);
    } else {
        println!("No inner error");
    }
}

fn main() {
    // Will print "No inner error".
    print_error(&change_error(Error::last_os_error()));
    // Will print "Inner error: ...".
    print_error(&change_error(Error::new(ErrorKind::Other, MyError::new())));
}

Consumes the Error, returning its inner error (if any).

If this Error was constructed via new then this function will return Some, otherwise it will return None.

Examples

use std::io::{Error, ErrorKind};

fn print_error(err: Error) {
    if let Some(inner_err) = err.into_inner() {
        println!("Inner error: {}", inner_err);
    } else {
        println!("No inner error");
    }
}

fn main() {
    // Will print "No inner error".
    print_error(Error::last_os_error());
    // Will print "Inner error: ...".
    print_error(Error::new(ErrorKind::Other, "oh no!"));
}

Returns the corresponding ErrorKind for this error.

Examples

use std::io::{Error, ErrorKind};

fn print_error(err: Error) {
    println!("{:?}", err.kind());
}

fn main() {
    // Will print "No inner error".
    print_error(Error::last_os_error());
    // Will print "Inner error: ...".
    print_error(Error::new(ErrorKind::AddrInUse, "oh no!"));
}

Trait Implementations

impl From<NulError> for Error [src]

Performs the conversion.

impl<W> From<IntoInnerError<W>> for Error [src]

Performs the conversion.

impl Debug for Error [src]

Formats the value using the given formatter.

impl From<ErrorKind> for Error
1.14.0
[src]

Intended for use for errors not exposed to the user, where allocating onto the heap (for normal construction via Error::new) is too costly.

Performs the conversion.

impl Display for Error [src]

Formats the value using the given formatter. Read more

impl Error for Error [src]

A short description of the error. Read more

The lower-level cause of this error, if any. Read more

© 2010 The Rust Project Developers
Licensed under the Apache License, Version 2.0 or the MIT license, at your option.
https://doc.rust-lang.org/std/io/struct.Error.html