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Publishing

Now that you have authored a declaration file following the steps of this guide, it is time to publish it to npm. There are two main ways you can publish your declaration files to npm:

  1. bundling with your npm package, or
  2. publishing to the @types organization on npm.

If you control the npm package you are publishing declarations for, then the first approach is favored. That way, your declarations and JavaScript always travel together.

Including declarations in your npm package

If your package has a main .js file, you will need to indicate the main declaration file in your package.json file as well. Set the types property to point to your bundled declaration file. For example:

{
  "name": "awesome",
  "author": "Vandelay Industries",
  "version": "1.0.0",
  "main": "./lib/main.js",
  "types": "./lib/main.d.ts"
}

Note that the "typings" field is synonymous with "types", and could be used as well.

Also note that if your main declaration file is named index.d.ts and lives at the root of the package (next to index.js) you do not need to mark the "types" property, though it is advisable to do so.

Dependencies

All dependencies are managed by npm. Make sure all the declaration packages you depend on are marked appropriately in the "dependencies" section in your package.json. For example, imagine we authored a package that used Browserify and TypeScript.

{
  "name": "browserify-typescript-extension",
  "author": "Vandelay Industries",
  "version": "1.0.0",
  "main": "./lib/main.js",
  "types": "./lib/main.d.ts",
  "dependencies": [
    "browserify@latest",
    "@types/browserify@latest",
    "typescript@next"
  ]
}

Here, our package depends on the browserify and typescript packages. browserify does not bundle its declaration files with its npm packages, so we needed to depend on @types/browserify for its declarations. typescript, on the other hand, packages its declaration files, so there was no need for any additional dependencies

Our package exposes declarations from each of those, so any user of our browserify-typescript-extension package needs to have these dependencies as well. For that reason, we used "dependencies" and not "devDependencies", because otherwise our consumers would have needed to manually install those packages. If we had just written a command line application and not expected our package to be used as a library, we might have used devDependencies.

Red flags

/// <reference path="..." />

Don’t use /// <reference path="..." /> in your declaration files.

/// <reference path="../typescript/lib/typescriptServices.d.ts" />
....

Do use /// <reference types="..." /> instead.

/// <reference types="typescript" />
....

Make sure to revisit the Consuming dependencies section for more information.

Packaging dependent declarations

If your type definitions depend on another package:

  • Don’t combine it with yours, keep each in their own file.
  • Don’t copy the declarations in your package either.
  • Do depend on the npm type declaration package if it doesn’t package its declaration files.

Publish to @types

Packages on under the @types organization are published automatically from DefinitelyTyped using the types-publisher tool. To get your declarations published as an @types package, please submit a pull request to https://github.com/DefinitelyTyped/DefinitelyTyped. You can find more details in the contribution guidelines page.

© Microsoft and other contributors
Licensed under the Apache License, Version 2.0.
https://www.typescriptlang.org/docs/handbook/declaration-files/publishing.html