File Provisioner

Provisioner name: "file"

The Vagrant file provisioner allows you to upload a file or directory from the host machine to the guest machine.

File provisioning is a simple way to, for example, replicate your local ~/.gitconfig to the vagrant user's home directory on the guest machine so you will not have to run git config --global every time you provision a new VM.

Vagrant.configure("2") do |config|
  # ... other configuration

  config.vm.provision "file", source: "~/.gitconfig", destination: ".gitconfig"

Note that, unlike with synced folders, files or directories that are uploaded will not be kept in sync. Continuing with the example above, if you make further changes to your local ~/.gitconfig, they will not be immediately reflected in the copy you uploaded to the guest machine.

The file uploads by the file provisioner are done as the SSH or PowerShell user. This is important since these users generally do not have elevated privileges on their own. If you want to upload files to locations that require elevated privileges, we recommend uploading them to temporary locations and then using the shell provisioner to move them into place.


The file provisioner takes only two options, both of which are required:

  • source (string) - Is the local path of the file or directory to be uploaded.

  • destination (string) - Is the remote path on the guest machine where the source will be uploaded to. The file/folder is uploaded as the SSH user over SCP, so this location must be writable to that user. The SSH user can be determined by running vagrant ssh-config, and defaults to "vagrant".

© 2010–2017 Mitchell Hashimoto
Licensed under the MPL 2.0 License.