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NgForOf

directive

A structural directive that renders a template for each item in a collection. The directive is placed on an element, which becomes the parent of the cloned templates.

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See also

NgModule

Selectors

Properties

Property Description
@Input()ngForOf: NgIterable<T> Write-Only

The value of the iterable expression, which can be used as a template input variable.

@Input()ngForTrackBy: TrackByFunction<T>

A function that defines how to track changes for items in the iterable.

When items are added, moved, or removed in the iterable, the directive must re-render the appropriate DOM nodes. To minimize churn in the DOM, only nodes that have changed are re-rendered.

By default, the change detector assumes that the object instance identifies the node in the iterable. When this function is supplied, the directive uses the result of calling this function to identify the item node, rather than the identity of the object itself.

The function receives two inputs, the iteration index and the node object ID.

@Input()ngForTemplate: TemplateRef<NgForOfContext<T>> Write-Only

A reference to the template that is stamped out for each item in the iterable.

See also:

Description

The ngForOf directive is generally used in the shorthand form *ngFor. In this form, the template to be rendered for each iteration is the content of an anchor element containing the directive.

The following example shows the shorthand syntax with some options, contained in an <li> element.

<li *ngFor="let item of items; index as i; trackBy: trackByFn">...</li>

The shorthand form expands into a long form that uses the ngForOf selector on an <ng-template> element. The content of the <ng-template> element is the <li> element that held the short-form directive.

Here is the expanded version of the short-form example.

<ng-template ngFor let-item [ngForOf]="items" let-i="index" [ngForTrackBy]="trackByFn">
  <li>...</li>
</ng-template>

Angular automatically expands the shorthand syntax as it compiles the template. The context for each embedded view is logically merged to the current component context according to its lexical position.

When using the shorthand syntax, Angular allows only one structural directive on an element. If you want to iterate conditionally, for example, put the *ngIf on a container element that wraps the *ngFor element. For futher discussion, see Structural Directives.

Local variables

NgForOf provides exported values that can be aliased to local variables. For example:

<li *ngFor="let user of userObservable | async as users; index as i; first as isFirst">
  {{i}}/{{users.length}}. {{user}} <span *ngIf="isFirst">default</span>
</li>

The following exported values can be aliased to local variables:

  • $implicit: T: The value of the individual items in the iterable (ngForOf).
  • ngForOf: NgIterable<T>: The value of the iterable expression. Useful when the expression is more complex then a property access, for example when using the async pipe (userStreams | async).
  • index: number: The index of the current item in the iterable.
  • first: boolean: True when the item is the first item in the iterable.
  • last: boolean: True when the item is the last item in the iterable.
  • even: boolean: True when the item has an even index in the iterable.
  • odd: boolean: True when the item has an odd index in the iterable.

Change propagation

When the contents of the iterator changes, NgForOf makes the corresponding changes to the DOM:

  • When an item is added, a new instance of the template is added to the DOM.
  • When an item is removed, its template instance is removed from the DOM.
  • When items are reordered, their respective templates are reordered in the DOM.

Angular uses object identity to track insertions and deletions within the iterator and reproduce those changes in the DOM. This has important implications for animations and any stateful controls that are present, such as <input> elements that accept user input. Inserted rows can be animated in, deleted rows can be animated out, and unchanged rows retain any unsaved state such as user input. For more on animations, see Transitions and Triggers.

The identities of elements in the iterator can change while the data does not. This can happen, for example, if the iterator is produced from an RPC to the server, and that RPC is re-run. Even if the data hasn't changed, the second response produces objects with different identities, and Angular must tear down the entire DOM and rebuild it (as if all old elements were deleted and all new elements inserted).

To avoid this expensive operation, you can customize the default tracking algorithm. by supplying the trackBy option to NgForOf. trackBy takes a function that has two arguments: index and item. If trackBy is given, Angular tracks changes by the return value of the function.

Static methods

Asserts the correct type of the context for the template that NgForOf will render.

static ngTemplateContextGuard<T>(dir: NgForOf<T>, ctx: any): ctx is NgForOfContext<T>

Parameters
dir NgForOf
ctx any
Returns

ctx is NgForOfContext<T>

The presence of this method is a signal to the Ivy template type-check compiler that the NgForOf structural directive renders its template with a specific context type.

Methods

Applies the changes when needed.

ngDoCheck(): void

Parameters

There are no parameters.

Returns

void

© 2010–2019 Google, Inc.
Licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution License 4.0.
https://angular.io/api/common/NgForOf