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/Angular

Renderer2

class

Extend this base class to implement custom rendering. By default, Angular renders a template into DOM. You can use custom rendering to intercept rendering calls, or to render to something other than DOM.

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abstract class Renderer2 {
  abstract data: {...}
  destroyNode: ((node: any) => void) | null
  abstract destroy(): void
  abstract createElement(name: string, namespace?: string): any
  abstract createComment(value: string): any
  abstract createText(value: string): any
  abstract appendChild(parent: any, newChild: any): void
  abstract insertBefore(parent: any, newChild: any, refChild: any): void
  abstract removeChild(parent: any, oldChild: any, isHostElement?: boolean): void
  abstract selectRootElement(selectorOrNode: any, preserveContent?: boolean): any
  abstract parentNode(node: any): any
  abstract nextSibling(node: any): any
  abstract setAttribute(el: any, name: string, value: string, namespace?: string): void
  abstract removeAttribute(el: any, name: string, namespace?: string): void
  abstract addClass(el: any, name: string): void
  abstract removeClass(el: any, name: string): void
  abstract setStyle(el: any, style: string, value: any, flags?: RendererStyleFlags2): void
  abstract removeStyle(el: any, style: string, flags?: RendererStyleFlags2): void
  abstract setProperty(el: any, name: string, value: any): void
  abstract setValue(node: any, value: string): void
  abstract listen(target: any, eventName: string, callback: (event: any) => boolean | void): () => void
}

Description

Create your custom renderer using RendererFactory2.

Use a custom renderer to bypass Angular's templating and make custom UI changes that can't be expressed declaratively. For example if you need to set a property or an attribute whose name is not statically known, use the setProperty() or setAttribute() method.

Properties

Property Description
abstract data: { [key: string]: any; } Read-Only

Use to store arbitrary developer-defined data on a renderer instance, as an object containing key-value pairs. This is useful for renderers that delegate to other renderers.

destroyNode: ((node: any) => void) | null

If null or undefined, the view engine won't call it. This is used as a performance optimization for production mode.

Methods

Implement this callback to destroy the renderer or the host element.

abstract destroy(): void

Parameters

There are no parameters.

Returns

void

Implement this callback to create an instance of the host element.

abstract createElement(name: string, namespace?: string): any

Parameters
name string

An identifying name for the new element, unique within the namespace.

namespace string

The namespace for the new element.

Optional. Default is undefined.

Returns

any: The new element.

Implement this callback to add a comment to the DOM of the host element.

abstract createComment(value: string): any

Parameters
value string

The comment text.

Returns

any: The modified element.

Implement this callback to add text to the DOM of the host element.

abstract createText(value: string): any

Parameters
value string

The text string.

Returns

any: The modified element.

Appends a child to a given parent node in the host element DOM.

abstract appendChild(parent: any, newChild: any): void

Parameters
parent any

The parent node.

newChild any

The new child node.

Returns

void

Implement this callback to insert a child node at a given position in a parent node in the host element DOM.

abstract insertBefore(parent: any, newChild: any, refChild: any): void

Parameters
parent any

The parent node.

newChild any

The new child nodes.

refChild any

The existing child node that should precede the new node.

Returns

void

Implement this callback to remove a child node from the host element's DOM.

abstract removeChild(parent: any, oldChild: any, isHostElement?: boolean): void

Parameters
parent any

The parent node.

oldChild any

The child node to remove.

isHostElement boolean

Optionally signal to the renderer whether this element is a host element or not

Optional. Default is undefined.

Returns

void

Implement this callback to prepare an element to be bootstrapped as a root element, and return the element instance.

abstract selectRootElement(selectorOrNode: any, preserveContent?: boolean): any

Parameters
selectorOrNode any

The DOM element.

preserveContent boolean

Whether the contents of the root element should be preserved, or cleared upon bootstrap (default behavior). Use with ViewEncapsulation.ShadowDom to allow simple native content projection via <slot> elements.

Optional. Default is undefined.

Returns

any: The root element.

Implement this callback to get the parent of a given node in the host element's DOM.

abstract parentNode(node: any): any

Parameters
node any

The child node to query.

Returns

any: The parent node, or null if there is no parent. For WebWorkers, always returns true. This is because the check is synchronous, and the caller can't rely on checking for null.

Implement this callback to get the next sibling node of a given node in the host element's DOM.

abstract nextSibling(node: any): any

Parameters
node any
Returns

any: The sibling node, or null if there is no sibling. For WebWorkers, always returns a value. This is because the check is synchronous, and the caller can't rely on checking for null.

Implement this callback to set an attribute value for an element in the DOM.

abstract setAttribute(el: any, name: string, value: string, namespace?: string): void

Parameters
el any

The element.

name string

The attribute name.

value string

The new value.

namespace string

The namespace.

Optional. Default is undefined.

Returns

void

Implement this callback to remove an attribute from an element in the DOM.

abstract removeAttribute(el: any, name: string, namespace?: string): void

Parameters
el any

The element.

name string

The attribute name.

namespace string

The namespace.

Optional. Default is undefined.

Returns

void

Implement this callback to add a class to an element in the DOM.

abstract addClass(el: any, name: string): void

Parameters
el any

The element.

name string

The class name.

Returns

void

Implement this callback to remove a class from an element in the DOM.

abstract removeClass(el: any, name: string): void

Parameters
el any

The element.

name string

The class name.

Returns

void

Implement this callback to set a CSS style for an element in the DOM.

abstract setStyle(el: any, style: string, value: any, flags?: RendererStyleFlags2): void

Parameters
el any

The element.

style string

The name of the style.

value any

The new value.

flags RendererStyleFlags2

Flags for style variations. No flags are set by default.

Optional. Default is undefined.

Returns

void

Implement this callback to remove the value from a CSS style for an element in the DOM.

abstract removeStyle(el: any, style: string, flags?: RendererStyleFlags2): void

Parameters
el any

The element.

style string

The name of the style.

flags RendererStyleFlags2

Flags for style variations to remove, if set. ???

Optional. Default is undefined.

Returns

void

Implement this callback to set the value of a property of an element in the DOM.

abstract setProperty(el: any, name: string, value: any): void

Parameters
el any

The element.

name string

The property name.

value any

The new value.

Returns

void

Implement this callback to set the value of a node in the host element.

abstract setValue(node: any, value: string): void

Parameters
node any

The node.

value string

The new value.

Returns

void

Implement this callback to start an event listener.

abstract listen(target: any, eventName: string, callback: (event: any) => boolean | void): () => void

Parameters
target any

The context in which to listen for events. Can be the entire window or document, the body of the document, or a specific DOM element.

eventName string

The event to listen for.

callback (event: any) => boolean | void

A handler function to invoke when the event occurs.

Returns

() => void: An "unlisten" function for disposing of this handler.

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Licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution License 4.0.
https://angular.io/api/core/Renderer2