W3cubDocs

/Angular

Angular Versioning and Releases

We recognize that you need stability from the Angular framework. Stability ensures that reusable components and libraries, tutorials, tools, and learned practices don't become obsolete unexpectedly. Stability is essential for the ecosystem around Angular to thrive.

We also share with you the desire for Angular to keep evolving. We strive to ensure that the foundation on top of which you are building is continuously improving and enabling you to stay up-to-date with the rest of the web ecosystem and your user needs.

This document contains the practices that we follow to provide you with a leading-edge app development platform, balanced with stability. We strive to ensure that future changes are always introduced in a predictable way. We want everyone who depends on Angular to know when and how new features are added, and to be well-prepared when obsolete ones are removed.

The practices described in this document apply to Angular 2.0 and later. If you are currently using AngularJS, see Upgrading from AngularJS. AngularJS is the name for all v1.x versions of Angular.

Angular versioning

Angular version numbers indicate the level of changes that are introduced by the release. This use of semantic versioning helps you understand the potential impact of updating to a new version.

Angular version numbers have three parts: major.minor.patch. For example, version 7.2.11 indicates major version 7, minor version 2, and patch level 11.

The version number is incremented based on the level of change included in the release.

  • Major releases contain significant new features, some but minimal developer assistance is expected during the update. When updating to a new major release, you may need to run update scripts, refactor code, run additional tests, and learn new APIs.
  • Minor releases contain new smaller features. Minor releases are fully backward-compatible; no developer assistance is expected during update, but you can optionally modify your apps and libraries to begin using new APIs, features, and capabilities that were added in the release. We update peer dependencies in minor versions by expanding the supported versions, but we do not require projects to update these dependencies.
  • Patch releases are low risk, bug fix releases. No developer assistance is expected during update.

Note: As of Angular version 7, the major versions of Angular core and the CLI are aligned. This means that in order to use the CLI as you develop an Angular app, the version of @angular/core and the CLI need to be the same.

Supported update paths

In alignment with the versioning scheme described above, we commit to support the following update paths:

  • If you are updating within the same major version, then you can skip any intermediate versions and update directly to the targeted version. For example, you can update directly from 7.0.0 to 7.2.11.
  • If you are updating from one major version to another, then we recommend that you don't skip major versions. Follow the instructions to incrementally update to the next major version, testing and validating at each step. For example, if you want to update from version 6.x.x to version 8.x.x, we recommend that you update to the latest 7.x.x release first. After successfully updating to 7.x.x, you can then update to 8.x.x.

See Keeping Up-to-Date for more information about updating your Angular projects to the most recent version.

Preview releases

We let you preview what's coming by providing Beta releases and Release Candidates (rc) for each major and minor release:

  • Beta: A release that is under active development and testing. A Beta release is indicated by a release tag appended with the beta identifier, such as 8.0.0-beta.0.

  • Release candidate: A release that is feature complete and in final testing. A release candidate is indicated by a release tag appended with the rc identifier, such as version 8.1.0-rc.

The next version of the documentation is available at next.angular.io. This includes any documentation for Beta or Release Candidate features and APIs.

Release frequency

We work toward a regular schedule of releases, so that you can plan and coordinate your updates with the continuing evolution of Angular.

In general, you can expect the following release cycle:

  • A major release every 6 months

  • 1-3 minor releases for each major release

  • A patch release almost every week

This cadence of releases gives you access to new features as soon as they are ready, while maintaining the stability and reliability of the platform for production users.

Release schedule

Disclaimer: The dates are offered as general guidance and may be adjusted by us when necessary to ensure delivery of a high-quality platform.

The following table contains our current target release dates for the next two major versions of Angular:

Date Stable Release Compatibility
October/November 2019 9.0.0 ^8.0.0
May 2020 10.0.0 ^9.0.0

Compatibility note: The primary goal of the backward compatibility promise is to ensure that changes in the core framework and tooling don't break the existing ecosystem of components and applications and don't put undue upgrade/migration burden on Angular application and component authors.

Support policy and schedule

All of our major releases are supported for 18 months.

  • 6 months of active support, during which regularly-scheduled updates and patches are released.

  • 12 months of long-term support (LTS), during which only critical fixes and security patches are released.

The following table provides the status for Angular versions under support.

Version Status Released Active Ends LTS Ends
^8.0.0 Active May 28, 2019 Nov 28, 2019 Nov 28, 2020
^7.0.0 LTS Oct 18, 2018 Apr 18, 2019 Apr 18, 2020
^6.0.0 LTS May 3, 2018 Nov 3, 2018 Nov 3, 2019

Angular versions ^4.0.0 and ^5.0.0 are no longer under support.

Deprecation practices

Sometimes "breaking changes", such as the removal of support for select APIs and features, are necessary to innovate and stay current with new best practices, changing dependencies, or changes in the (web) platform itself.

To make these transitions as easy as possible, we make these commitments to you:

  • We work hard to minimize the number of breaking changes and to provide migration tools when possible.

  • We follow the deprecation policy described here, so you have time to update your apps to the latest APIs and best practices.

To help ensure that you have sufficient time and a clear path to update, this is our deprecation policy:

  • Announcement: We announce deprecated APIs and features in the change log. Deprecated APIs appear in the documentation with strikethrough. When we announce a deprecation, we also announce a recommended update path. For convenience, Deprecations contains a summary of deprecated APIs and features.
  • Deprecation period: When an API or a feature is deprecated, it will still be present in the next two major releases. After that, deprecated APIs and features will be candidates for removal. A deprecation can be announced in any release, but the removal of a deprecated API or feature will happen only in major release. Until a deprecated API or feature is removed, it will be maintained according to the LTS support policy, meaning that only critical and security issues will be fixed.
  • npm dependencies: We only make npm dependency updates that require changes to your apps in a major release. In minor releases, we update peer dependencies by expanding the supported versions, but we do not require projects to update these dependencies until a future major version. This means that during minor Angular releases, npm dependency updates within Angular applications and libraries are optional.

Public API surface

Angular is a collection of many packages, sub-projects, and tools. To prevent accidental use of private APIs—and so that you can clearly understand what is covered by the practices described here—we document what is and is not considered our public API surface. For details, see Supported Public API Surface of Angular.

Any changes to the public API surface will be done using the versioning, support, and depreciation policies describe above.

Angular Labs

Angular Labs is an initiative to cultivate new features and iterate on them quickly. Angular Labs provides a safe place for exploration and experimentation by the Angular team.

Angular Labs projects are not ready for production use, and no commitment is made to bring them to production. The policies and practices that are described in this document do not apply to Angular Labs projects.

© 2010–2019 Google, Inc.
Licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution License 4.0.
https://angular.io/guide/releases