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ControlValueAccessor

interface

Defines an interface that acts as a bridge between the Angular forms API and a native element in the DOM.

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interface ControlValueAccessor {
  writeValue(obj: any): void
  registerOnChange(fn: any): void
  registerOnTouched(fn: any): void
  setDisabledState(isDisabled: boolean)?: void
}

See also

  • DefaultValueAccessor

Description

Implement this interface to create a custom form control directive that integrates with Angular forms.

Methods

Writes a new value to the element.

writeValue(obj: any): void

Parameters
obj any

The new value for the element

Returns

void

This method is called by the forms API to write to the view when programmatic changes from model to view are requested.

Usage Notes

Write a value to the element

The following example writes a value to the native DOM element.

writeValue(value: any): void {
  this._renderer.setProperty(this._elementRef.nativeElement, 'value', value);
}

Registers a callback function that is called when the control's value changes in the UI.

registerOnChange(fn: any): void

Parameters
fn any

The callback function to register

Returns

void

This method is called by the forms API on initialization to update the form model when values propagate from the view to the model.

When implementing the registerOnChange method in your own value accessor, save the given function so your class calls it at the appropriate time.

Usage Notes

Store the change function

The following example stores the provided function as an internal method.

registerOnChange(fn: (_: any) => void): void {
  this._onChange = fn;
}

When the value changes in the UI, call the registered function to allow the forms API to update itself:

host: {
   (change): '_onChange($event.target.value)'
}

Registers a callback function is called by the forms API on initialization to update the form model on blur.

registerOnTouched(fn: any): void

Parameters
fn any

The callback function to register

Returns

void

When implementing registerOnTouched in your own value accessor, save the given function so your class calls it when the control should be considered blurred or "touched".

Usage Notes

Store the callback function

The following example stores the provided function as an internal method.

registerOnTouched(fn: any): void {
  this._onTouched = fn;
}

On blur (or equivalent), your class should call the registered function to allow the forms API to update itself:

host: {
   '(blur)': '_onTouched()'
}

Function that is called by the forms API when the control status changes to or from 'DISABLED'. Depending on the status, it enables or disables the appropriate DOM element.

setDisabledState(isDisabled: boolean)?: void

Parameters
isDisabled boolean

The disabled status to set on the element

Returns

void

Usage Notes

The following is an example of writing the disabled property to a native DOM element:

setDisabledState(isDisabled: boolean): void {
  this._renderer.setProperty(this._elementRef.nativeElement, 'disabled', isDisabled);
}

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Licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution License 4.0.
https://v7.angular.io/api/forms/ControlValueAccessor