/Angular 7

Setup for local development

The QuickStart live-coding example is an Angular playground. It's not where you'd develop a real application. You should develop locally on your own machine ... and that's also how we think you should learn Angular.

Setting up a new project on your machine is quick and easy with the QuickStart seed, maintained on github.

Make sure you have Node.js® and npm installed.


Perform the clone-to-launch steps with these terminal commands.

git clone https://github.com/angular/quickstart.git quickstart
  cd quickstart
  npm install
  npm start

npm start fails in Bash for Windows in versions earlier than the Creator's Update (April 2017).


Download the QuickStart seed and unzip it into your project folder. Then perform the remaining steps with these terminal commands.

cd quickstart
  npm install
  npm start

npm start fails in Bash for Windows in versions earlier than the Creator's Update (April 2017).

Delete non-essential files (optional)

You can quickly delete the non-essential files that concern testing and QuickStart repository maintenance (including all git-related artifacts such as the .git folder and .gitignore!).

Do this only in the beginning to avoid accidentally deleting your own tests and git setup!

Open a terminal window in the project folder and enter the following commands for your environment:

OS/X (bash)

xargs rm -rf < non-essential-files.osx.txt
  rm src/app/*.spec*.ts
  rm non-essential-files.osx.txt


for /f %i in (non-essential-files.txt) do del %i /F /S /Q
  rd .git /s /q
  rd e2e /s /q

What's in the QuickStart seed?

The QuickStart seed contains the same application as the QuickStart playground. But its true purpose is to provide a solid foundation for local development. Consequently, there are many more files in the project folder on your machine, most of which you can learn about later.

Focus on the following three TypeScript (.ts) files in the /src folder.

import { Component } from '@angular/core';

  selector: 'my-app',
  template: `<h1>Hello {{name}}</h1>`
export class AppComponent { name = 'Angular'; }
import { NgModule }      from '@angular/core';
import { BrowserModule } from '@angular/platform-browser';
import { AppComponent }  from './app.component';

  imports:      [ BrowserModule ],
  declarations: [ AppComponent ],
  bootstrap:    [ AppComponent ]
export class AppModule { }
import { platformBrowserDynamic } from '@angular/platform-browser-dynamic';
import { AppModule }              from './app/app.module';


All guides and cookbooks have at least these core files. Each file has a distinct purpose and evolves independently as the application grows.

Files outside src/ concern building, deploying, and testing your app. They include configuration files and external dependencies.

Files inside src/ "belong" to your app. Add new Typescript, HTML and CSS files inside the src/ directory, most of them inside src/app, unless told to do otherwise.

The following are all in src/

File Purpose

Defines the same AppComponent as the one in the QuickStart playground. It is the root component of what will become a tree of nested components as the application evolves.


Defines AppModule, the root module that tells Angular how to assemble the application. Right now it declares only the AppComponent. Soon there will be more components to declare.


Compiles the application with the JIT compiler and bootstraps the application's main module (AppModule) to run in the browser. The JIT compiler is a reasonable choice during the development of most projects and it's the only viable choice for a sample running in a live-coding environment like Stackblitz. You'll learn about alternative compiling and deployment options later in the documentation.

Next Step

If you're new to Angular, we recommend you follow the tutorial.

Appendix: Node.js and npm

Node.js and the npm package manager are essential to modern web development with Angular and other platforms. Node.js powers client development and build tools. The npm package manager, which is itself a Node.js application, installs JavaScript libraries.

Get them now if they're not already installed on your machine.

Verify that you are running Node.js v8.x or higher and npm 5.x or higher by running the commands node -v and npm -v in a terminal/console window. Older versions produce errors.

We recommend nvm for managing multiple versions of Node.js and npm. You may need nvm if you already have projects running on your machine that use other versions of Node.js and npm.

Appendix: Why develop locally

Live coding in the browser is a great way to explore Angular.

Links on almost every documentation page open completed samples in the browser. You can play with the sample code, share your changes with friends, and download and run the code on your own machine.

The Getting Started shows just the AppComponent file. It creates the equivalent of app.module.ts and main.ts internally for the playground only. so the reader can discover Angular without distraction. The other samples are based on the QuickStart seed.

As much fun as this is ...

  • you can't ship your app in Stackblitz
  • you aren't always online when writing code
  • transpiling TypeScript in the browser is slow
  • the type support, refactoring, and code completion only work in your local IDE

Use the live coding environment as a playground, a place to try the documentation samples and experiment on your own. It's the perfect place to reproduce a bug when you want to file a documentation issue or file an issue with Angular itself.

For real development, we strongly recommend developing locally.

Appendix: develop locally with IE

If you develop angular locally with ng serve, there will be websocket connection being setup automatically between browser and local dev server, so when your code change, browser can automatically refresh.

In windows, by default one application can only have 6 websocket connections, MSDN WebSocket Settings. So if IE was refreshed manunally or automatically by ng serve, sometimes, the websocket will not close properly, when websocket connections exceed limitations, SecurityError will be thrown, this error will not affect the angular application, you can just restart IE to clear this error, or modify the windows registry to update the limitations.

Appendix: test using fakeAsync()/async()

If you use the fakeAsync()/async() helper function to run unit tests (for details, read testing guide), you need to import zone.js/dist/zone-testing in your test setup file.

If you create project with `Angular/CLI`, it is already imported in `src/test.ts`.

And in the earlier versions of Angular, the following files were imported or added in your html file:

import 'zone.js/dist/long-stack-trace-zone';
import 'zone.js/dist/proxy';
import 'zone.js/dist/sync-test';
import 'zone.js/dist/jasmine-patch';
import 'zone.js/dist/async-test';
import 'zone.js/dist/fake-async-test';

You can still load those files separately, but the order is important, you must import proxy before sync-test, async-test, fake-async-test and jasmine-patch. And you also need to import sync-test before jasmine-patch, so it is recommended to just import zone-testing instead of loading those separated files.

© 2010–2019 Google, Inc.
Licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution License 4.0.