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ovirt.ovirt.ovirt_template – Module to manage virtual machine templates in oVirt/RHV

Note

This plugin is part of the ovirt.ovirt collection.

To install it use: ansible-galaxy collection install ovirt.ovirt.

To use it in a playbook, specify: ovirt.ovirt.ovirt_template.

New in version 1.0.0: of ovirt.ovirt

Synopsis

  • Module to manage virtual machine templates in oVirt/RHV.

Requirements

The below requirements are needed on the host that executes this module.

  • python >= 2.7
  • ovirt-engine-sdk-python >= 4.4.0

Parameters

Parameter Choices/Defaults Comments
allow_partial_import
boolean
    Choices:
  • no
  • yes
Boolean indication whether to allow partial registration of a template when state is registered.
auth
dictionary / required
Dictionary with values needed to create HTTP/HTTPS connection to oVirt:
ca_file
string
A PEM file containing the trusted CA certificates.
The certificate presented by the server will be verified using these CA certificates.
If ca_file parameter is not set, system wide CA certificate store is used.
Default value is set by OVIRT_CAFILE environment variable.
headers
dictionary
Dictionary of HTTP headers to be added to each API call.
hostname
string
A string containing the hostname of the server, usually something like `server.example.com`.
Default value is set by OVIRT_HOSTNAME environment variable.
Either url or hostname is required.
insecure
boolean
    Choices:
  • no
  • yes
A boolean flag that indicates if the server TLS certificate and host name should be checked.
kerberos
boolean
    Choices:
  • no
  • yes
A boolean flag indicating if Kerberos authentication should be used instead of the default basic authentication.
password
string / required
The password of the user.
Default value is set by OVIRT_PASSWORD environment variable.
token
string
Token to be used instead of login with username/password.
Default value is set by OVIRT_TOKEN environment variable.
url
string
A string containing the API URL of the server, usually something like `https://server.example.com/ovirt-engine/api`.
Default value is set by OVIRT_URL environment variable.
Either url or hostname is required.
username
string / required
The name of the user, something like [email protected].
Default value is set by OVIRT_USERNAME environment variable.
ballooning_enabled
boolean
    Choices:
  • no
  • yes
If true, use memory ballooning.
Memory balloon is a guest device, which may be used to re-distribute / reclaim the host memory based on VM needs in a dynamic way. In this way it's possible to create memory over commitment states.
clone_name
string
Name for importing Template from storage domain.
If not defined, name will be used.
clone_permissions
boolean
    Choices:
  • no
  • yes
If True then the permissions of the VM (only the direct ones, not the inherited ones) will be copied to the created template.
This parameter is used only when state present.
cloud_init
dictionary
Dictionary with values for Unix-like Virtual Machine initialization using cloud init.
authorized_ssh_keys
string
Use this SSH keys to login to Virtual Machine.
custom_script
string
Cloud-init script which will be executed on Virtual Machine when deployed.
This is appended to the end of the cloud-init script generated by any other options.
For further information, refer to cloud-init User-Data documentation.
dns_search
string
DNS search domains to be configured on Virtual Machine.
dns_servers
string
DNS servers to be configured on Virtual Machine, maximum of two, space-separated.
host_name
string
Hostname to be set to Virtual Machine when deployed.
nic_boot_protocol
string
    Choices:
  • none
  • dhcp
  • static
Set boot protocol of the network interface of Virtual Machine.
nic_gateway
string
If boot protocol is static, set this gateway to network interface of Virtual Machine.
nic_ip_address
string
If boot protocol is static, set this IP address to network interface of Virtual Machine.
nic_name
string
Set name to network interface of Virtual Machine.
nic_netmask
string
If boot protocol is static, set this netmask to network interface of Virtual Machine.
regenerate_ssh_keys
boolean
    Choices:
  • no
  • yes
If True SSH keys will be regenerated on Virtual Machine.
root_password
string
Password to be set for user specified by user_name parameter.
timezone
string
Timezone to be set to Virtual Machine when deployed.
user_name
string
Username to be used to set password to Virtual Machine when deployed.
cloud_init_nics
list / elements=dictionary
List of dictionaries representing network interfaces to be setup by cloud init.
This option is used, when user needs to setup more network interfaces via cloud init.
If one network interface is enough, user should use cloud_init nic_* parameters. cloud_init nic_* parameters are merged with cloud_init_nics parameters.
nic_boot_protocol
string
Set boot protocol of the network interface of Virtual Machine. Can be one of none, dhcp or static.
nic_gateway
string
If boot protocol is static, set this gateway to network interface of Virtual Machine.
nic_ip_address
string
If boot protocol is static, set this IP address to network interface of Virtual Machine.
nic_name
string
Set name to network interface of Virtual Machine.
nic_netmask
string
If boot protocol is static, set this netmask to network interface of Virtual Machine.
cluster
string
Name of the cluster, where template should be created/imported.
cluster_mappings
list / elements=dictionary
Mapper which maps cluster name between Template's OVF and the destination cluster this Template should be registered to, relevant when state is registered. Cluster mapping is described by the following dictionary:
dest_name
string
The name of the destination cluster.
source_name
string
The name of the source cluster.
cpu_profile
string
CPU profile to be set to template.
description
string
Description of the template.
domain_mappings
list / elements=dictionary
Mapper which maps aaa domain name between Template's OVF and the destination aaa domain this Template should be registered to, relevant when state is registered. The aaa domain mapping is described by the following dictionary:
dest_name
string
The name of the destination aaa domain.
source_name
string
The name of the source aaa domain.
exclusive
boolean
    Choices:
  • no
  • yes
When state is exported this parameter indicates if the existing templates with the same name should be overwritten.
export_domain
string
When state is exported or imported this parameter specifies the name of the export storage domain.
fetch_nested
boolean
    Choices:
  • no
  • yes
If True the module will fetch additional data from the API.
It will fetch IDs of the VMs disks, snapshots, etc. User can configure to fetch other attributes of the nested entities by specifying nested_attributes.
id
string
ID of the template to be registered.
image_disk
string
When state is imported and image_provider is used this parameter specifies the name of disk to be imported as template.

aliases: glance_image_disk_name
image_provider
string
When state is imported this parameter specifies the name of the image provider to be used.
io_threads
integer
Number of IO threads used by virtual machine. 0 means IO threading disabled.
memory
string
Amount of memory of the template. Prefix uses IEC 60027-2 standard (for example 1GiB, 1024MiB).
memory_guaranteed
string
Amount of minimal guaranteed memory of the template. Prefix uses IEC 60027-2 standard (for example 1GiB, 1024MiB).
memory_guaranteed parameter can't be lower than memory parameter.
memory_max
string
Upper bound of template memory up to which memory hot-plug can be performed. Prefix uses IEC 60027-2 standard (for example 1GiB, 1024MiB).
name
string
Name of the template to manage.
nested_attributes
list / elements=string
Specifies list of the attributes which should be fetched from the API.
This parameter apply only when fetch_nested is true.
nics
list / elements=dictionary
List of NICs, which should be attached to Virtual Machine. NIC is described by following dictionary.
interface
string
    Choices:
  • virtio
  • e1000
  • rtl8139
Type of the network interface.
mac_address
string
Custom MAC address of the network interface, by default it's obtained from MAC pool.
name
string
Name of the NIC.
profile_name
string
Profile name where NIC should be attached.
operating_system
string
Operating system of the template, for example 'rhel_8x64'.
Default value is set by oVirt/RHV engine.
Use the ovirt_vm_os_info module to obtain the current list.
poll_interval
integer
Default:
3
Number of the seconds the module waits until another poll request on entity status is sent.
role_mappings
list / elements=dictionary
Mapper which maps role name between Template's OVF and the destination role this Template should be registered to, relevant when state is registered. Role mapping is described by the following dictionary:
dest_name
string
The name of the destination role.
source_name
string
The name of the source role.
seal
boolean
    Choices:
  • no
  • yes
'Sealing' is an operation that erases all machine-specific configurations from a filesystem: This includes SSH keys, UDEV rules, MAC addresses, system ID, hostname, etc. If true subsequent virtual machines made from this template will avoid configuration inheritance.
This parameter is used only when state present.
smartcard_enabled
boolean
    Choices:
  • no
  • yes
If true, use smart card authentication.
soundcard_enabled
boolean
    Choices:
  • no
  • yes
If true, the sound card is added to the virtual machine.
sso
boolean
    Choices:
  • no
  • yes
True enable Single Sign On by Guest Agent, False to disable it. By default is chosen by oVirt/RHV engine.
state
string
    Choices:
  • present
  • absent
  • exported
  • imported
  • registered
Should the template be present/absent/exported/imported/registered. When state is registered and the unregistered template's name belongs to an already registered in engine template in the same DC then we fail to register the unregistered template.
storage_domain
string
When state is imported this parameter specifies the name of the destination data storage domain. When state is registered this parameter specifies the name of the data storage domain of the unregistered template.
sysprep
dictionary
Dictionary with values for Windows Virtual Machine initialization using sysprep.
active_directory_ou
string
Active Directory Organizational Unit, to be used for login of user.
custom_script
string
A custom Sysprep definition in the format of a complete unattended installation answer file.
domain
string
Domain to be set to Windows Virtual Machine.
host_name
string
Hostname to be set to Virtual Machine when deployed.
input_locale
string
Input localization of the Windows Virtual Machine.
org_name
string
Organization name to be set to Windows Virtual Machine.
root_password
string
Password to be set for username to Windows Virtual Machine.
system_locale
string
System localization of the Windows Virtual Machine.
timezone
string
Timezone to be set to Windows Virtual Machine.
ui_language
string
UI language of the Windows Virtual Machine.
user_name
string
Username to be used for set password to Windows Virtual Machine.
windows_license_key
string
License key to be set to Windows Virtual Machine.
template_image_disk_name
string
When state is imported and image_provider is used this parameter specifies the new name for imported disk, if omitted then image_disk name is used by default. This parameter is used only in case of importing disk image from Glance domain.
timeout
integer
Default:
180
The amount of time in seconds the module should wait for the instance to get into desired state.
timezone
string
Sets time zone offset of the guest hardware clock.
For example Etc/GMT
usb_support
boolean
    Choices:
  • no
  • yes
True enable USB support, False to disable it. By default is chosen by oVirt/RHV engine.
version
dictionary
name - The name of this version.
number - The index of this version in the versions hierarchy of the template. Used for editing of sub template.
vm
string
Name of the VM, which will be used to create template.
vnic_profile_mappings
list / elements=dictionary
Mapper which maps an external virtual NIC profile to one that exists in the engine when state is registered. vnic_profile is described by the following dictionary:
source_network_name
string
The network name of the source network.
source_profile_name
string
The profile name related to the source network.
target_profile_id
string
The id of the target profile id to be mapped to in the engine.
wait
boolean
    Choices:
  • no
  • yes
yes if the module should wait for the entity to get into desired state.

Notes

Note

  • In order to use this module you have to install oVirt Python SDK. To ensure it’s installed with correct version you can create the following task: pip: name=ovirt-engine-sdk-python version=4.4.0

Examples

# Examples don't contain auth parameter for simplicity,
# look at ovirt_auth module to see how to reuse authentication:

# Create template from vm
- ovirt.ovirt.ovirt_template:
    cluster: Default
    name: mytemplate
    vm: rhel7
    cpu_profile: Default
    description: Test

# Import template
- ovirt.ovirt.ovirt_template:
    state: imported
    name: mytemplate
    export_domain: myexport
    storage_domain: mystorage
    cluster: mycluster

# Remove template
- ovirt.ovirt.ovirt_template:
    state: absent
    name: mytemplate

# Change Template Name
- ovirt.ovirt.ovirt_template:
    id: 00000000-0000-0000-0000-000000000000
    name: "new_template_name"

# Register template
- ovirt.ovirt.ovirt_template:
    state: registered
    storage_domain: mystorage
    cluster: mycluster
    name: mytemplate

# Register template using id
- ovirt.ovirt.ovirt_template:
    state: registered
    storage_domain: mystorage
    cluster: mycluster
    id: 1111-1111-1111-1111

# Register template, allowing partial import
- ovirt.ovirt.ovirt_template:
    state: registered
    storage_domain: mystorage
    allow_partial_import: "True"
    cluster: mycluster
    id: 1111-1111-1111-1111

# Register template with vnic profile mappings
- ovirt.ovirt.ovirt_template:
    state: registered
    storage_domain: mystorage
    cluster: mycluster
    id: 1111-1111-1111-1111
    vnic_profile_mappings:
      - source_network_name: mynetwork
        source_profile_name: mynetwork
        target_profile_id: 3333-3333-3333-3333
      - source_network_name: mynetwork2
        source_profile_name: mynetwork2
        target_profile_id: 4444-4444-4444-4444

# Register template with mapping
- ovirt.ovirt.ovirt_template:
    state: registered
    storage_domain: mystorage
    cluster: mycluster
    id: 1111-1111-1111-1111
    role_mappings:
      - source_name: Role_A
        dest_name: Role_B
    domain_mappings:
      - source_name: Domain_A
        dest_name: Domain_B
    cluster_mappings:
      - source_name: cluster_A
        dest_name: cluster_B

# Import image from Glance s a template
- ovirt.ovirt.ovirt_template:
    state: imported
    name: mytemplate
    image_disk: "centos7"
    template_image_disk_name: centos7_from_glance
    image_provider: "glance_domain"
    storage_domain: mystorage
    cluster: mycluster

# Edit template subversion
- ovirt.ovirt.ovirt_template:
    cluster: mycluster
    name: mytemplate
    vm: rhel7
    version:
        number: 2
        name: subversion

# Create new template subversion
- ovirt.ovirt.ovirt_template:
    cluster: mycluster
    name: mytemplate
    vm: rhel7
    version:
        name: subversion

- name: Template with cloud init
  ovirt.ovirt.ovirt_template:
    name: mytemplate
    cluster: Default
    vm: rhel8
    memory: 1GiB
    cloud_init:
      dns_servers: '8.8.8.8 8.8.4.4'
      nic_boot_protocol: static
      nic_ip_address: 10.34.60.86
      nic_netmask: 255.255.252.0
      nic_gateway: 10.34.63.254
      nic_name: eth1
      host_name: example.com
      custom_script: |
        write_files:
         - content: |
             Hello, world!
           path: /tmp/greeting.txt
           permissions: '0644'
      user_name: root
      root_password: super_password

- name: Template with cloud init, with multiple network interfaces
  ovirt.ovirt.ovirt_template:
    name: mytemplate
    cluster: mycluster
    vm: rhel8
    cloud_init_nics:
    - nic_name: eth0
      nic_boot_protocol: dhcp
    - nic_name: eth1
      nic_boot_protocol: static
      nic_ip_address: 10.34.60.86
      nic_netmask: 255.255.252.0
      nic_gateway: 10.34.63.254

- name: Template with timezone and nic
  ovirt.ovirt.ovirt_template:
    cluster: MyCluster
    name: mytemplate
    vm: rhel8
    timezone: America/Godthab
    memory_max: 2Gib
    nics:
      - name: nic1

- name: Template with sysprep
  ovirt.ovirt.ovirt_template:
    name: windows2012R2_AD
    cluster: Default
    vm: windows2012
    memory: 3GiB
    sysprep:
      host_name: windowsad.example.com
      user_name: Administrator
      root_password: SuperPassword123

Return Values

Common return values are documented here, the following are the fields unique to this module:

Key Returned Description
id
string
On success if template is found.
ID of the template which is managed

Sample:
7de90f31-222c-436c-a1ca-7e655bd5b60c
template
dictionary
On success if template is found.
Dictionary of all the template attributes. Template attributes can be found on your oVirt/RHV instance at following url: http://ovirt.github.io/ovirt-engine-api-model/master/#types/template.



Authors

  • Ondra Machacek (@machacekondra)
  • Martin Necas (@mnecas)

© 2012–2018 Michael DeHaan
© 2018–2019 Red Hat, Inc.
Licensed under the GNU General Public License version 3.
https://docs.ansible.com/ansible/2.10/collections/ovirt/ovirt/ovirt_template_module.html