Defined in header <stdio.h>
int feof( FILE *stream );

Checks if the end of the given file stream has been reached.


stream - the file stream to check

Return value

nonzero value if the end of the stream has been reached, otherwise ​0​


This function only reports the stream state as reported by the most recent I/O operation, it does not examine the associated data source. For example, if the most recent I/O was a fgetc, which returned the last byte of a file, feof returns zero. The next fgetc fails and changes the stream state to end-of-file. Only then feof returns non-zero.

In typical usage, input stream processing stops on any error; feof and ferror are then used to distinguish between different error conditions.


#include <stdio.h>
#include <stdlib.h>
int main(void)
    int is_ok = EXIT_FAILURE;
    const char* fname = "/tmp/unique_name.txt"; // or tmpnam(NULL);
    FILE* fp = fopen(fname, "w+");
    if(!fp) {
        perror("File opening failed");
        return is_ok;
    fputs("Hello, world!\n", fp);
    int c; // note: int, not char, required to handle EOF
    while ((c = fgetc(fp)) != EOF) { // standard C I/O file reading loop
    if (ferror(fp)) {
        puts("I/O error when reading");
    } else if (feof(fp)) {
        puts("End of file reached successfully");
        is_ok = EXIT_SUCCESS;
    return is_ok;

Possible output:

Hello, world!
End of file reached successfully


  • C11 standard (ISO/IEC 9899:2011):
    • The feof function (p: 339)
  • C99 standard (ISO/IEC 9899:1999):
    • The feof function (p: 305)
  • C89/C90 standard (ISO/IEC 9899:1990):
    • The feof function

See also

clears errors
displays a character string corresponding of the current error to stderr
checks for a file error
C++ documentation for feof

© cppreference.com
Licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike Unported License v3.0.