/C

# cbrt, cbrtf, cbrtl

Defined in header <math.h>
float       cbrtf( float arg );
(1) (since C99)
double      cbrt( double arg );
(2) (since C99)
long double cbrtl( long double arg );
(3) (since C99)
Defined in header <tgmath.h>
#define cbrt( arg )
(4) (since C99)
1-3) Computes the cube root of arg.
4) Type-generic macro: If arg has type long double, cbrtl is called. Otherwise, if arg has integer type or the type double, cbrt is called. Otherwise, cbrtf is called.

### Parameters

 arg - floating point value

### Return value

If no errors occur, the cube root of arg ($$\small{\sqrt{arg} }$$3arg), is returned.

If a range error occurs due to underflow, the correct result (after rounding) is returned.

### Error handling

Errors are reported as specified in math_errhandling.

If the implementation supports IEEE floating-point arithmetic (IEC 60559),

• if the argument is ±0 or ±∞, it is returned, unchanged
• if the argument is NaN, NaN is returned.
cbrt(arg) is not equivalent to pow(arg, 1.0/3) because the rational number $$\small{\frac1{3} }$$1/3 is typically not equal to 1.0/3 and std::pow cannot raise a negative base to a fractional exponent. Moreover, cbrt(arg) usually gives more accurate results than pow(arg, 1.0/3) (see example).

### Example

#include <stdio.h>
#include <float.h>
#include <math.h>

int main(void)
{
printf("Normal use:\n"
"cbrt(729)      = %f\n", cbrt(729));
printf("cbrt(-0.125)   = %f\n", cbrt(-0.125));
printf("Special values:\n"
"cbrt(-0)       = %f\n", cbrt(-0.0));
printf("cbrt(+inf)     = %f\n", cbrt(INFINITY));
printf("Accuracy:\n"
"cbrt(343)      = %.*f\n", DBL_DECIMAL_DIG, cbrt(343));
printf("pow(343,1.0/3) = %.*f\n", DBL_DECIMAL_DIG, pow(343, 1.0/3));
}

Possible output:

Normal use:
cbrt(729)      = 9.000000
cbrt(-0.125)   = -0.500000
Special values:
cbrt(-0)       = -0.000000
cbrt(+inf)     = inf
Accuracy:
cbrt(343)      = 7.00000000000000000
pow(343,1.0/3) = 6.99999999999999911
• C17 standard (ISO/IEC 9899:2018):
• 7.12.7.1 The cbrt functions (p: 180-181)
• 7.25 Type-generic math <tgmath.h> (p: 272-273)
• F.10.4.1 The cbrt functions (p: 381-)
• C11 standard (ISO/IEC 9899:2011):
• 7.12.7.1 The cbrt functions (p: 247)
• 7.25 Type-generic math <tgmath.h> (p: 373-375)
• F.10.4.1 The cbrt functions (p: 524)
• C99 standard (ISO/IEC 9899:1999):
• 7.12.7.1 The cbrt functions (p: 228)
• 7.22 Type-generic math <tgmath.h> (p: 335-337)
• F.9.4.1 The cbrt functions (p: 460)

 powpowfpowl (C99)(C99) computes a number raised to the given power ($$\small{x^y}$$xy) (function) sqrtsqrtfsqrtl (C99)(C99) computes square root ($$\small{\sqrt{x} }$$√x) (function) hypothypotfhypotl (C99)(C99)(C99) computes square root of the sum of the squares of two given numbers ($$\scriptsize{\sqrt{x^2+y^2} }$$√x2+y2) (function) C++ documentation for cbrt