Defined in header <string.h>
void* memchr( const void* ptr, int ch, size_t count );

Finds the first occurrence of (unsigned char)ch in the initial count bytes (each interpreted as unsigned char) of the object pointed to by ptr.

The behavior is undefined if access occurs beyond the end of the array searched. The behavior is undefined if ptr is a null pointer.

This function behaves as if it reads the bytes sequentially and stops as soon as a matching bytes is found: if the array pointed to by ptr is smaller than count, but the match is found within the array, the behavior is well-defined.

(since C11)


ptr - pointer to the object to be examined
ch - bytes to search for
count - max number of bytes to examine

Return value

Pointer to the location of the byte, or a null pointer if no such byte is found.


#include <stdio.h>
#include <string.h>
int main(void)
    const char str[] = "ABCDEFG";
    const int chars[] = {'D', 'd'};
    for (size_t i = 0; i < sizeof chars / (sizeof chars[0]); ++i)
        const int c = chars[i];   
        const char *ps = memchr(str, c, strlen(str));
        ps ? printf ("character '%c'(%i) found: %s\n", c, c, ps)
           : printf ("character '%c'(%i) not found\n", c, c);
    return 0;

Possible output:

character 'D'(68) found: DEFG
character 'd'(100) not found


  • C17 standard (ISO/IEC 9899:2018):
    • The memchr function (p: 267-268)
  • C11 standard (ISO/IEC 9899:2011):
    • The memchr function (p: 367)
  • C99 standard (ISO/IEC 9899:1999):
    • The memchr function (p: 330)
  • C89/C90 standard (ISO/IEC 9899:1990):
    • The memchr function

See also

finds the first occurrence of a character
C++ documentation for memchr

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