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iswdigit

Defined in header <wctype.h>
int iswdigit( wint_t ch );
(since C95)

Checks if the given wide character corresponds (if narrowed) to one of the ten decimal digit characters 0123456789.

Parameters

ch - wide character

Return value

Non-zero value if the wide character is an numeric character, zero otherwise.

Notes

iswdigit and iswxdigit are the only standard wide character classification functions that are not affected by the currently installed C locale.

Example

Some locales offer additional character classes that detect non-ASCII digits.

#include <stdio.h>
#include <wctype.h>
#include <wchar.h>
#include <locale.h>
 
void test(wchar_t a3, wchar_t u3, wchar_t j3)
{
    printf("        '%lc' '%lc' '%lc'\n", a3, u3, j3);
    printf("iswdigit %d    %d   %d\n",
           !!iswdigit(a3), !!iswdigit(u3), !!iswdigit(j3));
    printf("jdigit:  %d    %d   %d\n", !!iswctype(a3, wctype("jdigit")),
          !!iswctype(u3, wctype("jdigit")),
          !!iswctype(j3, wctype("jdigit")));
}
 
int main(void)
{
    wchar_t a3 = L'3';  // the ASCII digit 3
    wchar_t u3 = L'三'; // the CJK numeral 3
    wchar_t j3 = L'3'; // the fullwidth digit 3
 
    setlocale(LC_ALL, "en_US.utf8");
    puts("In American locale:");
    test(a3, u3, j3);
 
    setlocale(LC_ALL, "ja_JP.utf8");
    puts("\nIn Japanese locale:");
    test(a3, u3, j3);
}

Output:

In American locale:
        '3' '三' '3'
iswdigit 1    0   0
jdigit:  0    0   0
 
In Japanese locale:
        '3' '三' '3'
iswdigit 1    0   0
jdigit:  0    0   1

References

  • C11 standard (ISO/IEC 9899:2011):
    • 7.30.2.1.5 The iswdigit function (p: 449)
  • C99 standard (ISO/IEC 9899:1999):
    • 7.25.2.1.5 The iswdigit function (p: 395)

See also

checks if a character is a digit
(function)
ASCII values characters

iscntrl
iswcntrl.

isprint
iswprint.

isspace
iswspace.

isblank
iswblank.

isgraph
iswgraph.

ispunct
iswpunct.

isalnum
iswalnum.

isalpha
iswalpha.

isupper
iswupper.

islower
iswlower.

isdigit
iswdigit.

isxdigit
iswxdigit.

decimal hexadecimal octal
0–8 \x0\x8 \0\10 control codes (NUL, etc.) ≠0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
9 \x9 \11 tab (\t) ≠0 0 ≠0 ≠0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
10–13 \xA\xD \12\15 whitespaces (\n, \v, \f, \r) ≠0 0 ≠0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
14–31 \xE\x1F \16\37 control codes ≠0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
32 \x20 \40 space 0 ≠0 ≠0 ≠0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
33–47 \x21\x2F \41\57 !"#$%&'()*+,-./ 0 ≠0 0 0 ≠0 ≠0 0 0 0 0 0 0
48–57 \x30\x39 \60\71 0123456789 0 ≠0 0 0 ≠0 0 ≠0 0 0 0 ≠0 ≠0
58–64 \x3A\x40 \72\100 :;<=>[email protected] 0 ≠0 0 0 ≠0 ≠0 0 0 0 0 0 0
65–70 \x41\x46 \101\106 ABCDEF 0 ≠0 0 0 ≠0 0 ≠0 ≠0 ≠0 0 0 ≠0
71–90 \x47\x5A \107\132 GHIJKLMNOP
QRSTUVWXYZ
0 ≠0 0 0 ≠0 0 ≠0 ≠0 ≠0 0 0 0
91–96 \x5B\x60 \133\140 [\]^_` 0 ≠0 0 0 ≠0 ≠0 0 0 0 0 0 0
97–102 \x61\x66 \141\146 abcdef 0 ≠0 0 0 ≠0 0 ≠0 ≠0 0 ≠0 0 ≠0
103–122 \x67\x7A \147\172 ghijklmnop
qrstuvwxyz
0 ≠0 0 0 ≠0 0 ≠0 ≠0 0 ≠0 0 0
123–126 \x7B\x7E \172\176 {|}~ 0 ≠0 0 0 ≠0 ≠0 0 0 0 0 0 0
127 \x7F \177 backspace character (DEL) ≠0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0

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