Defined in header `<wchar.h>` | ||
---|---|---|

long wcstol( const wchar_t * str, wchar_t ** str_end, int base ); | (since C95) (until C99) | |

long wcstol( const wchar_t * str, wchar_t ** restrict str_end, int base ); | (since C99) | |

long long wcstoll( const wchar_t * restrict str, wchar_t ** restrict str_end, int base ); | (since C99) |

Interprets an integer value in a wide string pointed to by `str`

.

Discards any whitespace characters (as identified by calling `isspace()`

) until the first non-whitespace character is found, then takes as many characters as possible to form a valid *base-n* (where n=base) integer number representation and converts them to an integer value. The valid integer value consists of the following parts:

- (optional) plus or minus sign
- (optional) prefix (
`0`

) indicating octal base (applies only when the base is`8`

or`0`

) - (optional) prefix (
`0x`

or`0X`

) indicating hexadecimal base (applies only when the base is`16`

or`0`

) - a sequence of digits

The set of valid values for base is {0,2,3,...,36}. The set of valid digits for base-2 integers is `{0,1`

}, for base-3 integers is `{0,1,2`

}, and so on. For bases larger than `10`

, valid digits include alphabetic characters, starting from `Aa`

for base-11 integer, to `Zz`

for base-36 integer. The case of the characters is ignored.

Additional numeric formats may be accepted by the currently installed C `locale`

.

If the value of base is `0`

, the numeric base is auto-detected: if the prefix is `0`

, the base is octal, if the prefix is `0x`

or `0X`

, the base is hexadecimal, otherwise the base is decimal.

If the minus sign was part of the input sequence, the numeric value calculated from the sequence of digits is negated as if by unary minus in the result type.

The functions sets the pointer pointed to by `str_end`

to point to the wide character past the last character interpreted. If `str_end`

is `NULL`

, it is ignored.

str | - | pointer to the null-terminated wide string to be interpreted |

str_end | - | pointer to a pointer to wide character |

base | - | base of the interpreted integer value |

Integer value corresponding to the contents of `str`

on success. If the converted value falls out of range of corresponding return type, range error occurs and `LONG_MAX`

, `LONG_MIN`

, `LLONG_MAX`

or `LLONG_MIN`

is returned. If no conversion can be performed, `0`

is returned.

#include <stdio.h> #include <errno.h> #include <wchar.h> int main(void) { const wchar_t *p = L"10 200000000000000000000000000000 30 -40"; printf("Parsing L'%ls':\n", p); wchar_t *end; for (long i = wcstol(p, &end, 10); p != end; i = wcstol(p, &end, 10)) { printf("'%.*ls' -> ", (int)(end-p), p); p = end; if (errno == ERANGE){ printf("range error, got "); errno = 0; } printf("%ld\n", i); } }

Output:

Parsing L'10 200000000000000000000000000000 30 -40': '10' -> 10 ' 200000000000000000000000000000' -> range error, got 9223372036854775807 ' 30' -> 30 ' -40' -> -40

- C11 standard (ISO/IEC 9899:2011):
- 7.29.4.1.2 The wcstol, wcstoll, wcstoul, and wcstoull functions (p: 429-430)
- C99 standard (ISO/IEC 9899:1999):
- 7.24.4.1.2 The wcstol, wcstoll, wcstoul, and wcstoull functions (p: 375-376)

(C99) | converts a byte string to an integer value (function) |

(C95)(C99) | converts a wide string to an unsigned integer value (function) |

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