constexpr duration() = default;
(1) (since C++11)
duration( const duration& ) = default;
(2) (since C++11)
template< class Rep2 >
constexpr explicit duration( const Rep2& r );
(3) (since C++11)
template< class Rep2, class Period2 >
constexpr duration( const duration<Rep2,Period2>& d );
(4) (since C++11)

Constructs a new duration from one of several optional data sources.

1) The default constructor is defaulted.
2) The copy constructor is defaulted (makes a bitwise copy of the tick count).
3) Constructs a duration with r ticks. Note that this constructor only participates in overload resolution if const Rep2& (the argument type) is implicitly convertible to rep (the type of this duration's ticks) and
(that is, a duration with an integer tick count cannot be constructed from a floating-point value, but a duration with a floating-point tick count can be constructed from an integer value)
4) Constructs a duration by converting d to an appropriate period and tick count, as if by std::chrono::duration_cast<duration>(d).count(). In order to prevent truncation during conversion, this constructor only participates in overload resolution if computation of the conversion factor (by std::ratio_divide<Period2, Period>) does not overflow and:
or both:
(that is, either the duration uses floating-point ticks, or Period2 is exactly divisible by period)


r - a tick count
d - a duration to copy from


The following code shows several examples (both valid and invalid) of how to construct durations:

#include <chrono>
int main()
    std::chrono::hours h(1); // one hour
    std::chrono::milliseconds ms{3}; // 3 milliseconds
    std::chrono::duration<int, std::kilo> ks(3); // 3000 seconds
    // error: treat_as_floating_point<int>::value == false,
    // This duration allows whole tick counts only
//  std::chrono::duration<int, std::kilo> d3(3.5);
    // 30Hz clock using fractional ticks
    std::chrono::duration<double, std::ratio<1, 30>> hz30(3.5);
    // 3000 microseconds constructed from 3 milliseconds
    std::chrono::microseconds us = ms;
    // error: 1/1000000 is not divisible by 1/1000
//  std::chrono::milliseconds ms2 = us
    std::chrono::duration<double, std::milli> ms2 = us; // 3.0 milliseconds

Defect reports

The following behavior-changing defect reports were applied retroactively to previously published C++ standards.

DR Applied to Behavior as published Correct behavior
LWG 3050 C++11 convertibility constraint used non-const xvalue use const lvalues instead

See also

assigns the contents
(public member function)

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