virtual streambuf<char>* setbuf(char* s, std::streamsize n);

If s is a null pointer and n is zero, this function has no effect.

Otherwise, the effect is implementation-defined: some implementations do nothing, while some implementations deallocate the dynamic member array used as the buffer and begin using the user-supplied character array of size n, whose first element is pointed to by s.

This function is protected virtual, it may only be called through pubsetbuf() or from member functions of a user-defined class derived from std::strstreambuf.


s - pointer to the first byte in the user-provided buffer
n - the number of bytes in the user-provided buffer

Return value



Implementation test to check if setbuf() is supported on a dynamic strstream (output obtained with Sun Studio).

#include <strstream>
#include <iostream>
int main()
    char a[100] = {};
    std::strstream str;
    str.rdbuf()->pubsetbuf(a, sizeof a);
    str << "Test string" << std::ends;
    std::cout << "user-provided buffer holds '" << a << "'\n";

Possible output:

user-provided buffer holds 'Test string'

See also

invokes setbuf()
(public member function of std::basic_streambuf<CharT,Traits>)
replaces the buffer with user-defined array, if permitted
(virtual protected member function of std::basic_streambuf<CharT,Traits>)
attempts to replace the controlled character sequence with an array
(virtual protected member function of std::basic_stringbuf<CharT,Traits,Allocator>)
provides user-supplied buffer or turns this filebuf unbuffered
(virtual protected member function of std::basic_filebuf<CharT,Traits>)

© cppreference.com
Licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike Unported License v3.0.