const CharT* c_str() const;
(until C++11)
const CharT* c_str() const noexcept;
(since C++11)
(until C++20)
constexpr const CharT* c_str() const noexcept;
(since C++20)

Returns a pointer to a null-terminated character array with data equivalent to those stored in the string.

The pointer is such that the range [c_str(); c_str() + size()] is valid and the values in it correspond to the values stored in the string with an additional null character after the last position.

The pointer obtained from c_str() may be invalidated by:

Writing to the character array accessed through c_str() is undefined behavior.

c_str() and data() perform the same function.

(since C++11)



Return value

Pointer to the underlying character storage.

c_str()[i] == operator[](i) for every i in [0, size()).

(until C++11)

c_str() + i == std::addressof(operator[](i)) for every i in [0, size()].

(since C++11)




The pointer obtained from c_str() may only be treated as a pointer to a null-terminated character string if the string object does not contain other null characters.


#include <algorithm>
#include <cassert>
#include <cstring>
#include <string>
extern "C" {
void c_func(const char* c_str) { printf("c_func called with '%s'\n", c_str); }
int main() {
  std::string const s("Emplary");
  const char* p = s.c_str();
  assert(s.size() == std::strlen(p));
  assert(std::equal(s.begin(), s.end(), p));
  assert(std::equal(p, p + s.size(), s.begin()));
  assert('\0' == *(p + s.size()));


c_func called with 'Emplary'

See also

accesses the first character
(public member function)
accesses the last character
(public member function)
returns a pointer to the first character of a string
(public member function)

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