packaged_task() noexcept;
(1) (since C++11)
template <class F>
explicit packaged_task( F&& f );
(2) (since C++11)
template <class F, class Allocator>
explicit packaged_task( std::allocator_arg_t, const Allocator& a, F&& f );
(3) (since C++11)
(until C++17)
packaged_task( const packaged_task& ) = delete;
(4) (since C++11)
packaged_task( packaged_task&& rhs ) noexcept;
(5) (since C++11)

Constructs a new std::packaged_task object.

1) Constructs a std::packaged_task object with no task and no shared state.
2,3) Constructs a std::packaged_task object with a shared state and a copy of the task, initialized with std::forward<F>(f). The allocator a is used to allocate memory necessary to store the task. (until C++17)
  • These constructors do not (until C++17)This constructor does not (since C++17) participate in overload resolution if std::decay<F>::type is the same type as std::packaged_task<R(ArgTypes...)>.
  • The program is ill-formed if the INVOKE<R>(std::forward<F>(f), std::declval<Args>()...) expression (described in Callable) is ill-formed when treated as an unevaluated operand (i.e. std::is_invocable_r_v<R, F, Args...> is not true) (since C++17).
  • The behavior is undefined if the invocation on a copy of f behaves different from that on f.
4) The copy constructor is deleted, std::packaged_task is move-only.
5) Constructs a std::packaged_task with the shared state and task formerly owned by rhs, leaving rhs with no shared state and a moved-from task.


f - the callable target (function, member function, lambda-expression, functor) to execute
a - the allocator to use when storing the task
rhs - the std::packaged_task to move from


2) Any exceptions thrown by copy/move constructor of f and possibly std::bad_alloc if the allocation fails.
3) Any exceptions thrown by copy/move constructor of f and by the allocator's allocate function if memory allocation fails.


#include <future>
#include <iostream>
#include <thread>
int fib(int n)
    if (n < 3) return 1;
    else return fib(n-1) + fib(n-2);
int main()
    std::packaged_task<int(int)> fib_task(&fib); 
    std::cout << "starting task\n";
    auto result = fib_task.get_future();
    std::thread t(std::move(fib_task), 42);
    std::cout << "waiting for task to finish..." << std::endl;
    std::cout << result.get() << '\n';
    std::cout << "task complete\n";


starting task
waiting for task to finish...
task complete

Defect reports

The following behavior-changing defect reports were applied retroactively to previously published C++ standards.

DR Applied to Behavior as published Correct behavior
LWG 2067 C++11 the deleted copy constructor took reference to non-const made const

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