W3cubDocs

/Crystal 0.31

struct Char::Reader

Overview

A Char::Reader allows iterating a String by Chars.

As soon as you instantiate a Char::Reader it will decode the first char in the String, which can be accessed by invoking #current_char. At this point #pos, the current position in the string, will equal zero. Successive calls to #next_char return the next chars in the string, advancing #pos.

Note that the null character '\0' will be returned in #current_char when the end is reached (as well as when the string is empty). Thus, #has_next? will return false only when #pos is equal to the string's bytesize, in which case #current_char will always be '\0'.

Included Modules

Defined in:

char/reader.cr

Constructors

Instance Method Summary

Instance methods inherited from module Enumerable(Char)

all?(&block)
all?(pattern)
all? all?
, any?(&block)
any?(pattern)
any? any?
, chunks(&block : T -> U) forall U chunks, compact_map(&block) compact_map, count(item)
count(&block) count
, cycle(&block)
cycle(n, &block) cycle
, each(&block : T -> UNDERSCORE) each, each_cons(count : Int, reuse = false, &block) each_cons, each_slice(count : Int, reuse = false, &block) each_slice, each_with_index(offset = 0, &block) each_with_index, each_with_object(obj, &block) each_with_object, find(if_none = nil, &block) find, first(count : Int)
first first
, first? first?, flat_map(&block : T -> Array(U) | Iterator(U) | U) forall U flat_map, grep(pattern) grep, group_by(&block : T -> U) forall U group_by, in_groups_of(size : Int, filled_up_with : U = nil) forall U
in_groups_of(size : Int, filled_up_with : U = nil, reuse = false, &block) forall U in_groups_of
, includes?(obj) includes?, index(&block)
index(obj) index
, index_by(&block : T -> U) forall U index_by, join(separator = "", &block)
join(separator, io, &block)
join(separator, io)
join(separator = "") join
, map(&block : T -> U) forall U map, map_with_index(&block : T, Int32 -> U) forall U map_with_index, max max, max? max?, max_by(&block : T -> U) forall U max_by, max_by?(&block : T -> U) forall U max_by?, max_of(&block : T -> U) forall U max_of, max_of?(&block : T -> U) forall U max_of?, min min, min? min?, min_by(&block : T -> U) forall U min_by, min_by?(&block : T -> U) forall U min_by?, min_of(&block : T -> U) forall U min_of, min_of?(&block : T -> U) forall U min_of?, minmax minmax, minmax? minmax?, minmax_by(&block : T -> U) forall U minmax_by, minmax_by?(&block : T -> U) forall U minmax_by?, minmax_of(&block : T -> U) forall U minmax_of, minmax_of?(&block : T -> U) forall U minmax_of?, none?
none?(pattern)
none?(&block) none?
, one?(&block)
one?(pattern)
one? one?
, partition(&block) partition, product(&block)
product(initial : Number, &block)
product
product(initial : Number) product
, reduce(memo, &block)
reduce(&block) reduce
, reduce?(&block) reduce?, reject(&block : T -> )
reject(type : U.class) forall U
reject(pattern) reject
, select(pattern)
select(type : U.class) forall U
select(&block : T -> ) select
, size size, skip(count : Int) skip, skip_while(&block) skip_while, sum(initial)
sum
sum(initial, &block)
sum(&block) sum
, take_while(&block) take_while, tally : Hash(T, Int32) tally, to_a to_a, to_h
to_h(&block : T -> Tuple(K, V)) forall K, V to_h
, to_set to_set, zip(*others : Indexable | Iterable | Iterator, &block)
zip(*others : Indexable | Iterable | Iterator) zip
, zip?(*others : Indexable | Iterable | Iterator, &block)
zip?(*others : Indexable | Iterable | Iterator) zip?

Instance methods inherited from struct Struct

==(other) : Bool ==, hash(hasher) hash, inspect(io : IO) : Nil inspect, pretty_print(pp) : Nil pretty_print, to_s(io : IO) : Nil to_s

Instance methods inherited from struct Value

==(other : JSON::Any)
==(other : YAML::Any)
==(other) ==
, dup dup

Instance methods inherited from class Object

!=(other) !=, !~(other) !~, ==(other) ==, ===(other : JSON::Any)
===(other : YAML::Any)
===(other) ===
, =~(other) =~, class class, dup dup, hash(hasher)
hash hash
, inspect(io : IO) : Nil
inspect : String inspect
, itself itself, not_nil! not_nil!, pretty_inspect(width = 79, newline = "\n", indent = 0) : String pretty_inspect, pretty_print(pp : PrettyPrint) : Nil pretty_print, tap(&block) tap, to_json(io : IO)
to_json to_json
, to_pretty_json(indent : String = " ")
to_pretty_json(io : IO, indent : String = " ") to_pretty_json
, to_s : String
to_s(io : IO) : Nil to_s
, to_yaml(io : IO)
to_yaml to_yaml
, try(&block) try, unsafe_as(type : T.class) forall T unsafe_as

Constructor methods inherited from class Object

from_json(string_or_io, root : String) : self
from_json(string_or_io) : self from_json
, from_yaml(string_or_io : String | IO) : self from_yaml

Constructor Detail

def self.new(string : String, pos = 0)Source

Creates a reader with the specified string positioned at byte index pos.

def self.new(*, at_end string : String)Source

Creates a reader that will be positioned at the last char of the given string.

Instance Method Detail

def current_char : CharSource

Returns the current character.

reader = Char::Reader.new("ab")
reader.current_char # => 'a'
reader.next_char
reader.current_char # => 'b'

def current_char_width : Int32Source

Returns the size of the #current_char (in bytes) as if it were encoded in UTF-8.

reader = Char::Reader.new("aé")
reader.current_char_width # => 1
reader.next_char
reader.current_char_width # => 2

def each(&block) : NilSource

Yields successive characters from #string starting from #pos.

reader = Char::Reader.new("abc")
reader.next_char
reader.each do |c|
  puts c.upcase
end
B
C

def error : UInt8?Source

If there was an error decoding the current char because of an invalid UTF-8 byte sequence, returns the byte that produced the invalid encoding. Returns 0 if the char would've been out of bounds. Otherwise returns nil.

def has_next?Source

Returns true if there is a character left to read. The terminating byte '\0' is considered a valid character by this method.

reader = Char::Reader.new("a")
reader.has_next?      # => true
reader.peek_next_char # => '\0'

def has_previous?Source

Returns true if there are characters before the current one.

def next_charSource

Reads the next character in the string, #pos is incremented. Raises IndexError if the reader is at the end of the #string.

reader = Char::Reader.new("ab")
reader.next_char # => 'b'

def peek_next_charSource

Returns the next character in the #string without incrementing #pos. Raises IndexError if the reader is at the end of the #string.

reader = Char::Reader.new("ab")
reader.peek_next_char # => 'b'
reader.current_char   # => 'a'

def pos : Int32Source

Returns the position of the current character.

reader = Char::Reader.new("ab")
reader.pos # => 0
reader.next_char
reader.pos # => 1

def pos=(pos)Source

Sets #pos to pos.

reader = Char::Reader.new("abc")
reader.next_char
reader.next_char
reader.pos = 0
reader.current_char # => 'a'

def previous_char : CharSource

Returns the previous character, #pos is decremented. Raises IndexError if the reader is at the beginning of the #string

def string : StringSource

Returns the reader's String.

© 2012–2019 Manas Technology Solutions.
Licensed under the Apache License, Version 2.0.
https://crystal-lang.org/api/0.31.1/Char/Reader.html