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/Crystal 0.31

class IO::FileDescriptor

Overview

An IO over a file descriptor.

Included Modules

Direct Known Subclasses

Defined in:

io/console.cr
io/file_descriptor.cr

Constructors

Class Method Summary

Instance Method Summary

Macro Summary

Instance methods inherited from module IO::Buffered

buffer_size buffer_size, buffer_size=(value) buffer_size=, close : Nil close, flush flush, peek : Bytes? peek, read(slice : Bytes) read, read_buffering=(read_buffering) read_buffering=, read_buffering? read_buffering?, rewind rewind, sync=(sync) sync=, sync? sync?, unbuffered_close unbuffered_close, unbuffered_flush unbuffered_flush, unbuffered_read(slice : Bytes) unbuffered_read, unbuffered_rewind unbuffered_rewind, unbuffered_write(slice : Bytes) unbuffered_write, write(slice : Bytes) : Nil write

Class methods inherited from module Crystal::System::FileDescriptor

fcntl(fd, cmd, arg = 0) fcntl, pipe(read_blocking, write_blocking) pipe, pread(fd, buffer, offset) pread

Instance methods inherited from module IO::Evented

evented_close evented_close, evented_read(slice : Bytes, errno_msg : String, &block) : Int32 evented_read, evented_reopen evented_reopen, evented_send(slice : Bytes, errno_msg : String, &block) : Int32 evented_send, evented_write(slice : Bytes, errno_msg : String, &block) : Nil evented_write, read_timeout : Time::Span? read_timeout, read_timeout=(read_timeout : Number) : Number
read_timeout=(timeout : Time::Span?) : Time::Span? read_timeout=
, write_timeout : Time::Span? write_timeout, write_timeout=(write_timeout : Number) : Number
write_timeout=(timeout : Time::Span?) : Time::Span? write_timeout=

Instance methods inherited from class IO

<self <<, close close, closed? closed?, each_byte(&block) : Nil
each_byte each_byte
, each_char(&block) : Nil
each_char each_char
, each_line(*args, **options, &block : String -> ) : Nil
each_line(*args, **options) each_line
, encoding : String encoding, flush flush, gets(delimiter : Char, limit : Int, chomp = false) : String?
gets(delimiter : Char, chomp = false) : String?
gets(chomp = true) : String?
gets(limit : Int, chomp = false) : String?
gets(delimiter : String, chomp = false) : String? gets
, gets_to_end : String gets_to_end, peek : Bytes? peek, pos pos, pos=(value) pos=, print(*objects : UNDERSCORE) : Nil
print(obj) : Nil print
, printf(format_string, *args) : Nil
printf(format_string, args : Array | Tuple) : Nil printf
, puts(*objects : UNDERSCORE) : Nil
puts : Nil
puts(obj) : Nil
puts(string : String) : Nil puts
, read(slice : Bytes) read, read_at(offset, bytesize, &block) read_at, read_byte : UInt8? read_byte, read_bytes(type, format : IO::ByteFormat = IO::ByteFormat::SystemEndian) read_bytes, read_char : Char? read_char, read_fully(slice : Bytes) read_fully, read_fully?(slice : Bytes) read_fully?, read_line(*args, **options) : String read_line, read_string(bytesize : Int) : String read_string, read_utf8(slice : Bytes) read_utf8, read_utf8_byte read_utf8_byte, rewind rewind, seek(offset, whence : Seek = Seek::Set) seek, set_encoding(encoding : String, invalid : Symbol? = nil) set_encoding, skip(bytes_count : Int) : Nil skip, skip_to_end : Nil skip_to_end, tell tell, tty? : Bool tty?, write(slice : Bytes) : Nil write, write_byte(byte : UInt8) write_byte, write_bytes(object, format : IO::ByteFormat = IO::ByteFormat::SystemEndian) write_bytes, write_utf8(slice : Bytes) write_utf8

Class methods inherited from class IO

copy(src, dst, limit : Int) : UInt64
copy(src, dst) : UInt64 copy
, pipe(read_blocking = false, write_blocking = false) : Tuple(IO::FileDescriptor, IO::FileDescriptor)
pipe(read_blocking = false, write_blocking = false, &block) pipe

Instance methods inherited from class Reference

==(other : self)
==(other : JSON::Any)
==(other : YAML::Any)
==(other) ==
, dup dup, hash(hasher) hash, inspect(io : IO) : Nil inspect, object_id : UInt64 object_id, pretty_print(pp) : Nil pretty_print, same?(other : Reference)
same?(other : Nil) same?
, to_s(io : IO) : Nil to_s

Constructor methods inherited from class Reference

new new

Instance methods inherited from class Object

!=(other) !=, !~(other) !~, ==(other) ==, ===(other : JSON::Any)
===(other : YAML::Any)
===(other) ===
, =~(other) =~, class class, dup dup, hash(hasher)
hash hash
, inspect(io : IO) : Nil
inspect : String inspect
, itself itself, not_nil! not_nil!, pretty_inspect(width = 79, newline = "\n", indent = 0) : String pretty_inspect, pretty_print(pp : PrettyPrint) : Nil pretty_print, tap(&block) tap, to_json(io : IO)
to_json to_json
, to_pretty_json(indent : String = " ")
to_pretty_json(io : IO, indent : String = " ") to_pretty_json
, to_s : String
to_s(io : IO) : Nil to_s
, to_yaml(io : IO)
to_yaml to_yaml
, try(&block) try, unsafe_as(type : T.class) forall T unsafe_as

Constructor methods inherited from class Object

from_json(string_or_io, root : String) : self
from_json(string_or_io) : self from_json
, from_yaml(string_or_io : String | IO) : self from_yaml

Constructor Detail

def self.new(fd, blocking = false)Source

Class Method Detail

def self.fcntl(fd, cmd, arg = 0)Source

Instance Method Detail

def blockingSource

def blocking=(value)Source

def close_on_exec=(value : Bool)Source

def close_on_exec?Source

def closed? : BoolSource

Description copied from class IO

Returns true if this IO is closed.

IO defines returns false, but including types may override.

def cooked(&block)Source

Enables character processing for the duration of the given block. The so called cooked mode is the standard behavior of a terminal, doing line wise editing by the terminal and only sending the input to the program on a newline. Only call this when this IO is a TTY, such as a not redirected stdin.

def cooked!Source

Enables character processing for this IO. The so called cooked mode is the standard behavior of a terminal, doing line wise editing by the terminal and only sending the input to the program on a newline. Only call this when this IO is a TTY, such as a not redirected stdin.

def fcntl(cmd, arg = 0)Source

def fd : Int32Source

The raw file-descriptor. It is defined to be an Int, but its size is platform-specific.

def finalizeSource

def infoSource

def inspect(io : IO) : NilSource

Description copied from class Reference

Appends a String representation of this object which includes its class name, its object address and the values of all instance variables.

class Person
  def initialize(@name : String, @age : Int32)
  end
end

Person.new("John", 32).inspect # => #<Person:0x10fd31f20 @name="John", @age=32>

def noecho(&block)Source

Turns off character echoing for the duration of the given block. This will prevent displaying back to the user what they enter on the terminal. Only call this when this IO is a TTY, such as a not redirected stdin.

print "Enter password: "
password = STDIN.noecho &.gets.try &.chomp
puts

def noecho!Source

Turns off character echoing for this IO. This will prevent displaying back to the user what they enter on the terminal. Only call this when this IO is a TTY, such as a not redirected stdin.

def posSource

Returns the current position (in bytes) in this IO.

File.write("testfile", "hello")

file = File.new("testfile")
file.pos     # => 0
file.gets(2) # => "he"
file.pos     # => 2

def pos=(value)Source

Sets the current position (in bytes) in this IO.

File.write("testfile", "hello")

file = File.new("testfile")
file.pos = 3
file.gets_to_end # => "lo"

def pretty_print(pp)Source

def raw(&block)Source

Enables raw mode for the duration of the given block. In raw mode every keypress is directly sent to the program, no interpretation is done by the terminal. Only call this when this IO is a TTY, such as a not redirected stdin.

def raw!Source

Enables raw mode for this IO. In raw mode every keypress is directly sent to the program, no interpretation is done by the terminal. Only call this when this IO is a TTY, such as a not redirected stdin.

def reopen(other : IO::FileDescriptor)Source

def seek(offset, whence : Seek = Seek::Set)Source

Seeks to a given offset (in bytes) according to the whence argument. Returns self.

File.write("testfile", "abc")

file = File.new("testfile")
file.gets(3) # => "abc"
file.seek(1, IO::Seek::Set)
file.gets(2) # => "bc"
file.seek(-1, IO::Seek::Current)
file.gets(1) # => "c"

def seek(offset, whence : Seek = Seek::Set, &block)Source

Same as #seek but yields to the block after seeking and eventually seeks back to the original position when the block returns.

def tty?Source

Description copied from class IO

Returns true if this IO is associated with a terminal device (tty), false otherwise.

IO returns false, but including types may override.

STDIN.tty?          # => true
IO::Memory.new.tty? # => false

Macro Detail

macro cooked_from_tc_mode!Source

macro noecho_from_tc_mode!Source

macro raw_from_tc_mode!Source

© 2012–2019 Manas Technology Solutions.
Licensed under the Apache License, Version 2.0.
https://crystal-lang.org/api/0.31.1/IO/FileDescriptor.html