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offset-path

The offset-path CSS property specifies a motion path for an element to follow and defines the element's positioning within the parent container or SVG coordinate system.

Syntax

/* Default */ 
offset-path: none;

/* Function values */ 
offset-path: ray(45deg closest-side contain); 

/* URL */
offset-path: url(#path);

/* Shapes */
offset-path: circle(50% at 25% 25%);
offset-path: inset(50% 50% 50% 50%);
offset-path: polygon(30% 0%, 70% 0%, 100% 50%, 30% 100%, 0% 70%, 0% 30%);
offset-path: path('M 0,200 Q 200,200 260,80 Q 290,20 400,0 Q 300,100 400,200'); 

/* Geometry Boxes */
offset-path: margin-box;
offset-path: stroke-box;

/* Global values */
offset-path: inherit;
offset-path: initial;
offset-path: unset;

Values

ray()
Taking up to three values, defines a path that is a line segment starting from the position of the box and proceeds in the direction defined by the specified angle similar to the CSS gradient angle where 0deg is up, with positive angles increasing in the clockwise direction, with the size value being similar to the CSS radial gradient size values from closest-side to farthest-corner, and the keyterm contain.
url()
References the ID of an SVG shape -- circle, ellipse, line, path, polygon, polyline, or rect -- using the shape's geometry as the path.
<basic-shape>
Specifies a CSS shape including circle(), ellipse(), inset(), polygon(), or path().
path()
A path string defined with SVG coordinate syntax.
none
Specifies no motion path at all.

Description

This property defines a path an animated element can follow. An offset path is either a specified path with one or multiple sub-paths or the geometry of a not-styled basic shape. The element’s exact position on the offset path is determined by the offset-distance property. Each shape or path must define an initial position for the computed value of 0 for offset-distance and an initial direction which specifies the rotation of the object to the initial position.

Early versions of the spec called this property motion-path. It was changed to offset-path because the property describes static positions, not motion.

Formal definition

Initial value none
Applies to transformable elements
Inherited no
Computed value as specified
Animation type as <angle>, <basic-shape> or <path()>
Creates stacking context yes

Formal syntax

none | ray( [ <angle> && <size>? && contain? ] ) | <path()> | <url> | [ <basic-shape> || <geometry-box> ]

where
<size> = closest-side | farthest-side | closest-corner | farthest-corner | <length> | <length-percentage>{2}
<path()> = path( [ <fill-rule>, ]? <string> )
<basic-shape> = <inset()> | <circle()> | <ellipse()> | <polygon()> | <path()>
<geometry-box> = <shape-box> | fill-box | stroke-box | view-box

where
<length-percentage> = <length> | <percentage>
<fill-rule> = nonzero | evenodd
<inset()> = inset( <length-percentage>{1,4} [ round <'border-radius'> ]? )
<circle()> = circle( [ <shape-radius> ]? [ at <position> ]? )
<ellipse()> = ellipse( [ <shape-radius>{2} ]? [ at <position> ]? )
<polygon()> = polygon( <fill-rule>? , [ <length-percentage> <length-percentage> ]# )
<shape-box> = <box> | margin-box

where
<shape-radius> = <length-percentage> | closest-side | farthest-side
<position> = [ [ left | center | right ] || [ top | center | bottom ] | [ left | center | right | <length-percentage> ] [ top | center | bottom | <length-percentage> ]? | [ [ left | right ] <length-percentage> ] && [ [ top | bottom ] <length-percentage> ] ]
<box> = border-box | padding-box | content-box

Examples

Animating an element with offset-path

The offset-path properties in the CSS code sample defines a motion path that is identical to the <path> element in the SVG. The path, as can be seen in the rendering of the SVG code, is a line drawing of a house with a chimney.

SVG

The top and bottom halves of the scissors would appear in the top left of the canvas were they not positioned along the starting point of the motion path defined by offset-path.

<svg xmlns="http://www.w3.org/2000/svg"
     width="700"
     height="450"
     viewBox="350 0 1400 900">
  <title>House and Scissors</title>
  <rect x="595"
        y="423"
        width="610"
        height="377"
        fill="blue" />
  <polygon points="506,423 900,190 1294,423"
           fill="yellow" />
  <polygon points="993,245 993,190 1086,190 1086,300"
           fill="red" />
  <path id="house" d="M900,190 L993,245 V201 A11,11 0 0,1 1004,190 H1075 A11,11 0 0,1 1086,201 V300 L1294,423 H1216 A11,11 0 0,0 1205,434 V789 A11,11 0 0,1 1194,800 H606 A11,11 0 0,1 595,789 V434 A11,11 0 0,0 584,423 H506 L900,190"
        fill="none"
        stroke="black"
        stroke-width="13"
        stroke-linejoin="round"
        stroke-linecap="round" />
  <path id="firstScissorHalf" class="scissorHalf"
        d="M30,0 H-10 A10,10 0 0,0 -20,10 A20,20 0 1,1 -40,-10 H20 A10,10 0 0,1 30,0 M-40,20 A10,10 1 0,0 -40,0 A10,10 1 0,0 -40,20 M0,0"
        transform="translate(0,0)"
        fill="green"
        stroke="black"
        stroke-width="5"
        stroke-linejoin="round"
        stroke-linecap="round"
        fill-rule="evenodd" />
  <path id="secondScissorHalf" class="scissorHalf"
        d="M30,0 H-10 A10,10 0 0,1 -20,-10 A20,20 0 1,0 -40,10 H20 A10,10 0 0,0 30,0 M-40,-20 A10,10 1 0,0 -40,0 A10,10 1 0,0 -40,-20 M0,0"
        transform="translate(0,0)"
        fill="forestgreen"
        stroke="black"
        stroke-width="5"
        stroke-linejoin="round"
        stroke-linecap="round"
        fill-rule="evenodd" />
</svg>

CSS

.scissorHalf {
  offset-path: path('M900,190  L993,245 V201  A11,11 0 0,1 1004,190  H1075  A11,11 0 0,1 1086,201  V300  L1294,423 H1216  A11,11 0 0,0 1205,434  V789  A11,11 0 0,1 1194,800  H606  A11,11 0 0,1 595,789  V434  A11,11 0 0,0 584,423  H506 L900,190');
  animation: followpath 4s linear infinite;
}

@keyframes followpath {
   to {
     motion-offset: 100%;
     offset-distance: 100%;
   }
}

Result

Specifications

<body>

Specification Status Comment
Motion Path Module Level 1
The definition of 'offset-path' in that specification.
Working Draft Initial definition

Browser compatibilityUpdate compatibility data on GitHub

Desktop
Chrome Edge Firefox Internet Explorer Opera Safari
offset-path 55
55
46
Uses the non-standard name: motion-path
79
79
79
Uses the non-standard name: motion-path
72
72
63 — 72
Disabled
Disabled From version 63 until version 72 (exclusive): this feature is behind the layout.css.motion-path.enabled preference (needs to be set to true). To change preferences in Firefox, visit about:config.
No 45
45
32
Uses the non-standard name: motion-path
No
Supports the path() function as a value 64 79 63 No 51 No
Supports the ray() function as a value 64 79 71
Disabled
71
Disabled
Disabled From version 71: this feature is behind the layout.css.motion-path.enabled preference (needs to be set to true). To change preferences in Firefox, visit about:config.
No 51 No
Mobile
Android webview Chrome for Android Firefox for Android Opera for Android Safari on iOS Samsung Internet
offset-path 55
55
46
Uses the non-standard name: motion-path
55
55
46
Uses the non-standard name: motion-path
63
Disabled
63
Disabled
Disabled From version 63: this feature is behind the layout.css.motion-path.enabled preference (needs to be set to true). To change preferences in Firefox, visit about:config.
43
43
32
Uses the non-standard name: motion-path
No 6.0
6.0
path() is the only value type supported.
5.0
Uses the non-standard name: motion-path
Supports the path() function as a value 64 64 63 47 No 9.0
Supports the ray() function as a value 64 64 No 47 No 9.0

See also

Other demos:

© 2005–2020 Mozilla and individual contributors.
Licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License v2.5 or later.
https://developer.mozilla.org/en-US/docs/Web/CSS/offset-path