/Docker 19

Compose CLI environment variables

Several environment variables are available for you to configure the Docker Compose command-line behaviour.

Variables starting with DOCKER_ are the same as those used to configure the Docker command-line client. If you’re using docker-machine, then the eval "$(docker-machine env my-docker-vm)" command should set them to their correct values. (In this example, my-docker-vm is the name of a machine you created.)

Note: Some of these variables can also be provided using an environment file.


Sets the project name. This value is prepended along with the service name to the container on start up. For example, if your project name is myapp and it includes two services db and web, then Compose starts containers named myapp_db_1 and myapp_web_1 respectively.

Setting this is optional. If you do not set this, the COMPOSE_PROJECT_NAME defaults to the basename of the project directory. See also the -p command-line option.


Specify the path to a Compose file. If not provided, Compose looks for a file named docker-compose.yml in the current directory and then each parent directory in succession until a file by that name is found.

This variable supports multiple Compose files separated by a path separator (on Linux and macOS the path separator is :, on Windows it is ;). For example: COMPOSE_FILE=docker-compose.yml:docker-compose.prod.yml. The path separator can also be customized using COMPOSE_PATH_SEPARATOR.

See also the -f command-line option.


The Docker API only supports requests from clients which report a specific version. If you receive a client and server don't have same version error using docker-compose, you can workaround this error by setting this environment variable. Set the version value to match the server version.

Setting this variable is intended as a workaround for situations where you need to run temporarily with a mismatch between the client and server version. For example, if you can upgrade the client but need to wait to upgrade the server.

Running with this variable set and a known mismatch does prevent some Docker features from working properly. The exact features that fail would depend on the Docker client and server versions. For this reason, running with this variable set is only intended as a workaround and it is not officially supported.

If you run into problems running with this set, resolve the mismatch through upgrade and remove this setting to see if your problems resolve before notifying support.


Sets the URL of the docker daemon. As with the Docker client, defaults to unix:///var/run/docker.sock.


When set to anything other than an empty string, enables TLS communication with the docker daemon.


Configures the path to the ca.pem, cert.pem, and key.pem files used for TLS verification. Defaults to ~/.docker.


Configures the time (in seconds) a request to the Docker daemon is allowed to hang before Compose considers it failed. Defaults to 60 seconds.


Configure which TLS version is used for TLS communication with the docker daemon. Defaults to TLSv1. Supported values are: TLSv1, TLSv1_1, TLSv1_2.


Enable path conversion from Windows-style to Unix-style in volume definitions. Users of Docker Machine and Docker Toolbox on Windows should always set this. Defaults to 0. Supported values: true or 1 to enable, false or 0 to disable.


If set, the value of the COMPOSE_FILE environment variable is separated using this character as path separator.


If set, volume declarations using the short syntax are parsed assuming the host path is a Windows path, even if Compose is running on a UNIX-based system. Supported values: true or 1 to enable, false or 0 to disable.


If set, Compose doesn’t try to detect orphaned containers for the project. Supported values: true or 1 to enable, false or 0 to disable.


Sets a limit for the number of operations Compose can execute in parallel. The default value is 64, and may not be set lower than 2.


If set, Compose doesn’t attempt to use the Docker CLI for interactive run and exec operations. This option is not available on Windows where the CLI is required for the aforementioned operations. Supported: true or 1 to enable, false or 0 to disable.

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