/Web APIs


The OrientationSensor interface of the Sensor APIs is the base class for orientation sensors. This interface cannot be used directly. Instead it provides properties and methods accessed by interfaces that inherit from it.

This feature may be blocked by a Permissions Policy set on your server.

EventTarget Sensor OrientationSensor

Interfaces based on OrientationSensor

Below is a list of interfaces based on the OrientationSensor interface.

Instance properties


Returns a four element Array whose elements contain the components of the unit quaternion representing the device's orientation.

Instance methods


Populates the given object with the rotation matrix based on the latest sensor reading.


Basic Example

The following example, which is loosely based on Intel's Orientation Phone demo, instantiates an AbsoluteOrientationSensor with a frequency of 60 times a second. On each reading it uses OrientationSensor.quaternion to rotate a visual model of a phone.


const options = { frequency: 60, referenceFrame: "device" };
const sensor = new AbsoluteOrientationSensor(options);

sensor.addEventListener("reading", () => {
  // model is a Three.js object instantiated elsewhere.
sensor.addEventListener("error", (error) => {
  if (event.error.name === "NotReadableError") {
    console.log("Sensor is not available.");

Permissions Example

Using orientation sensors requires requesting permissions for multiple device sensors. Because the Permissions interface uses promises, a good way to request permissions is to use Promise.all.


const sensor = new AbsoluteOrientationSensor();
  navigator.permissions.query({ name: "accelerometer" }),
  navigator.permissions.query({ name: "magnetometer" }),
  navigator.permissions.query({ name: "gyroscope" }),
]).then((results) => {
  if (results.every((result) => result.state === "granted")) {
    // …
  } else {
    console.log("No permissions to use AbsoluteOrientationSensor.");


Browser compatibility

Desktop Mobile
Chrome Edge Firefox Internet Explorer Opera Safari WebView Android Chrome Android Firefox for Android Opera Android Safari on IOS Samsung Internet
OrientationSensor 67 79 No No 54 No 67 67 No 48 No 9.0
populateMatrix 67 79 No No 54 No 67 67 No 48 No 9.0
quaternion 67 79 No No 54 No 67 67 No 48 No 9.0

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