/Drupal 8

public function TypedDataManager::getPropertyInstance

public TypedDataManager::getPropertyInstance(TypedDataInterface $object, $property_name, $value = NULL)

Get a typed data instance for a property of a given typed data object.

This method will use prototyping for fast and efficient instantiation of many property objects with the same property path; for example, when multiple comments are used comment_body.0.value needs to be instantiated very often.

Prototyping is done by the root object's data type and the given property path, i.e. all property instances having the same property path and inheriting from the same data type are prototyped.


\Drupal\Core\TypedData\TypedDataInterface $object: The parent typed data object, implementing the TypedDataInterface and either the ListInterface or the ComplexDataInterface.

string $property_name: The name of the property to instantiate, or the delta of an list item.

mixed $value: (optional) The data value. If set, it has to match one of the supported data type formats as documented by the data type classes.

Return value

\Drupal\Core\TypedData\TypedDataInterface The new property instance.


\InvalidArgumentException If the given property is not known, or the passed object does not implement the ListInterface or the ComplexDataInterface.

Overrides TypedDataManagerInterface::getPropertyInstance

See also



core/lib/Drupal/Core/TypedData/TypedDataManager.php, line 145


Manages data type plugins.




public function getPropertyInstance(TypedDataInterface $object, $property_name, $value = NULL) {
  // For performance, try to reuse existing prototypes instead of
  // constructing new objects when possible. A prototype is reused when
  // creating a data object:
  // - for a similar root object (same data type and settings),
  // - at the same property path under that root object.
  $root_definition = $object->getRoot()->getDataDefinition();
  // If the root object is a list, we want to look at the data type and the
  // settings of its item definition.
  if ($root_definition instanceof ListDataDefinition) {
    $root_definition = $root_definition->getItemDefinition();

  // Root data type and settings.
  $parts[] = $root_definition->getDataType();
  if ($settings = $root_definition->getSettings()) {
    // Hash the settings into a string. crc32 is the fastest way to hash
    // something for non-cryptographic purposes.
    $parts[] = hash('crc32b', serialize($settings));
  // Property path for the requested data object. When creating a list item,
  // use 0 in the key as all items look the same.
  $parts[] = $object->getPropertyPath() . '.' . (is_numeric($property_name) ? 0 : $property_name);
  $key = implode(':', $parts);

  // Create the prototype if needed.
  if (!isset($this->prototypes[$key])) {
    // Fetch the data definition for the child object from the parent.
    if ($object instanceof ComplexDataInterface) {
      $definition = $object->getDataDefinition()->getPropertyDefinition($property_name);
    elseif ($object instanceof ListInterface) {
      $definition = $object->getItemDefinition();
    else {
      throw new \InvalidArgumentException("The passed object has to either implement the ComplexDataInterface or the ListInterface.");
    if (!$definition) {
      throw new \InvalidArgumentException("Property $property_name is unknown.");
    // Create the prototype without any value, but with initial parenting
    // so that constructors can set up the objects correclty.
    $this->prototypes[$key] = $this->create($definition, NULL, $property_name, $object);

  // Clone the prototype, update its parenting information, and assign the
  // value.
  $property = clone $this->prototypes[$key];
  $property->setContext($property_name, $object);
  if (isset($value)) {
    $property->setValue($value, FALSE);
  return $property;

© 2001–2016 by the original authors
Licensed under the GNU General Public License, version 2 and later.
Drupal is a registered trademark of Dries Buytaert.