W3cubDocs

/ESLint

Disallow mixes of different operators (no-mixed-operators)

Enclosing complex expressions by parentheses clarifies the developer's intention, which makes the code more readable. This rule warns when different operators are used consecutively without parentheses in an expression.

var foo = a && b || c || d;    /*BAD: Unexpected mix of '&&' and '||'.*/
var foo = a && b ? c : d;      /*BAD: Unexpected mix of '&&' and '?:'.*/
var foo = (a && b) ? c : d;    /*GOOD*/
var foo = (a && b) || c || d;  /*GOOD*/
var foo = a && (b || c || d);  /*GOOD*/

Note: It is expected for this rule to emit one error for each mixed operator in a pair. As a result, for each two consecutive mixed operators used, a distinct error will be displayed, pointing to where the specific operator that breaks the rule is used:

var foo = a && b || c || d;

will generate

1:13  Unexpected mix of '&&' and '||'. (no-mixed-operators)
1:18  Unexpected mix of '&&' and '||'. (no-mixed-operators)
var foo = a && b ? c : d;

will generate

1:13  Unexpected mix of '&&' and '?:'. (no-mixed-operators)
1:18  Unexpected mix of '&&' and '?:'. (no-mixed-operators)

Rule Details

This rule checks BinaryExpression, LogicalExpression and ConditionalExpression.

This rule may conflict with no-extra-parens rule. If you use both this and no-extra-parens rule together, you need to use the nestedBinaryExpressions option of no-extra-parens rule.

Examples of incorrect code for this rule:

/*eslint no-mixed-operators: "error"*/

var foo = a && b < 0 || c > 0 || d + 1 === 0;
var foo = a + b * c;

Examples of correct code for this rule:

/*eslint no-mixed-operators: "error"*/

var foo = a || b || c;
var foo = a && b && c;
var foo = (a && b < 0) || c > 0 || d + 1 === 0;
var foo = a && (b < 0 || c > 0 || d + 1 === 0);
var foo = a + (b * c);
var foo = (a + b) * c;

Options

{
    "no-mixed-operators": [
        "error",
        {
            "groups": [
                ["+", "-", "*", "/", "%", "**"],
                ["&", "|", "^", "~", "<<", ">>", ">>>"],
                ["==", "!=", "===", "!==", ">", ">=", "<", "<="],
                ["&&", "||"],
                ["in", "instanceof"]
            ],
            "allowSamePrecedence": true
        }
    ]
}

This rule has 2 options.

  • groups (string[][]) - specifies operator groups to be checked. The groups option is a list of groups, and a group is a list of binary operators. Default operator groups are defined as arithmetic, bitwise, comparison, logical, and relational operators. Note: Ternary operator(?:) can be part of any group and by default is allowed to be mixed with other operators.

  • allowSamePrecedence (boolean) - specifies whether to allow mixed operators if they are of equal precedence. Default is true.

groups

The following operators can be used in groups option:

  • Arithmetic Operators: "+", "-", "*", "/", "%", "**"
  • Bitwise Operators: "&", "|", "^", "~", "<<", ">>", ">>>"
  • Comparison Operators: "==", "!=", "===", "!==", ">", ">=", "<", "<="
  • Logical Operators: "&&", "||"
  • Coalesce Operator: "??"
  • Relational Operators: "in", "instanceof"
  • Ternary Operator: ?:

Now, consider the following group configuration: {"groups": [["&", "|", "^", "~", "<<", ">>", ">>>"], ["&&", "||"]]}. There are 2 groups specified in this configuration: bitwise operators and logical operators. This rule checks if the operators belong to the same group only. In this case, this rule checks if bitwise operators and logical operators are mixed, but ignores all other operators.

Examples of incorrect code for this rule with {"groups": [["&", "|", "^", "~", "<<", ">>", ">>>"], ["&&", "||"]]} option:

/*eslint no-mixed-operators: ["error", {"groups": [["&", "|", "^", "~", "<<", ">>", ">>>"], ["&&", "||"]]}]*/

var foo = a && b < 0 || c > 0 || d + 1 === 0;
var foo = a & b | c;
/*eslint no-mixed-operators: ["error", {"groups": [["&&", "||", "?:"]]}]*/

var foo = a || b ? c : d;

Examples of correct code for this rule with {"groups": [["&", "|", "^", "~", "<<", ">>", ">>>"], ["&&", "||"]]} option:

/*eslint no-mixed-operators: ["error", {"groups": [["&", "|", "^", "~", "<<", ">>", ">>>"], ["&&", "||"]]}]*/

var foo = a || b > 0 || c + 1 === 0;
var foo = a && b > 0 && c + 1 === 0;
var foo = (a && b < 0) || c > 0 || d + 1 === 0;
var foo = a && (b < 0 ||  c > 0 || d + 1 === 0);
var foo = (a & b) | c;
var foo = a & (b | c);
var foo = a + b * c;
var foo = a + (b * c);
var foo = (a + b) * c;
/*eslint no-mixed-operators: ["error", {"groups": [["&&", "||", "?:"]]}]*/

var foo = (a || b) ? c : d;
var foo = a || (b ? c : d);

allowSamePrecedence

Examples of correct code for this rule with {"allowSamePrecedence": true} option:

/*eslint no-mixed-operators: ["error", {"allowSamePrecedence": true}]*/

// + and - have the same precedence.
var foo = a + b - c;

Examples of incorrect code for this rule with {"allowSamePrecedence": false} option:

/*eslint no-mixed-operators: ["error", {"allowSamePrecedence": false}]*/

// + and - have the same precedence.
var foo = a + b - c;

Examples of correct code for this rule with {"allowSamePrecedence": false} option:

/*eslint no-mixed-operators: ["error", {"allowSamePrecedence": false}]*/

// + and - have the same precedence.
var foo = (a + b) - c;

When Not To Use It

If you don't want to be notified about mixed operators, then it's safe to disable this rule.

Version

This rule was introduced in ESLint 2.12.0.

Resources

© JS Foundation and other contributors
Licensed under the MIT License.
https://eslint.org/docs/rules/no-mixed-operators