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/Fish 3.1

begin - start a new block of code

Synopsis

begin; [COMMANDS...;] end

Description

begin is used to create a new block of code.

A block allows the introduction of a new variable scope, redirection of the input or output of a set of commands as a group, or to specify precedence when using the conditional commands like and.

The block is unconditionally executed. begin; ...; end is equivalent to if true; ...; end.

begin does not change the current exit status itself. After the block has completed, $status will be set to the status returned by the most recent command.

Example

The following code sets a number of variables inside of a block scope. Since the variables are set inside the block and have local scope, they will be automatically deleted when the block ends.

begin
    set -l PIRATE Yarrr

    ...
end

echo $PIRATE
# This will not output anything, since the PIRATE variable
# went out of scope at the end of the block

In the following code, all output is redirected to the file out.html.

begin
    echo $xml_header
    echo $html_header
    if test -e $file
        ...
    end
    ...
end > out.html

© 2019 fish-shell developers
Licensed under the GNU General Public License, version 2.
https://fishshell.com/docs/3.1/cmds/begin.html