W3cubDocs

/Fish 3.1

string-split - split strings by delimiter

Synopsis

string split [(-m | --max) MAX] [(-n | --no-empty)] [(-q | --quiet)] [(-r | --right)] SEP [STRING...]
string split0 [(-m | --max) MAX] [(-n | --no-empty)] [(-q | --quiet)] [(-r | --right)] [STRING...]

Description

string split splits each STRING on the separator SEP, which can be an empty string. If -m or --max is specified, at most MAX splits are done on each STRING. If -r or --right is given, splitting is performed right-to-left. This is useful in combination with -m or --max. With -n or --no-empty, empty results are excluded from consideration (e.g. hello\n\nworld would expand to two strings and not three). Exit status: 0 if at least one split was performed, or 1 otherwise.

See also read --delimiter.

string split0 splits each STRING on the zero byte (NUL). Options are the same as string split except that no separator is given.

split0 has the important property that its output is not further split when used in a command substitution, allowing for the command substitution to produce elements containing newlines. This is most useful when used with Unix tools that produce zero bytes, such as find -print0 or sort -z. See split0 examples below.

Examples

>_ string split . example.com
example
com

>_ string split -r -m1 / /usr/local/bin/fish
/usr/local/bin
fish

>_ string split '' abc
a
b
c

NUL Delimited Examples

>_ # Count files in a directory, without being confused by newlines.
>_ count (find . -print0 | string split0)
42

>_ # Sort a list of elements which may contain newlines
>_ set foo beta alpha\\ngamma
>_ set foo (string join0 $foo | sort -z | string split0)
>_ string escape $foo[1]
alpha\\ngamma

© 2019 fish-shell developers
Licensed under the GNU General Public License, version 2.
https://fishshell.com/docs/3.1/cmds/string-split.html