The handler.set() method is a trap for setting a property value.


const p = new Proxy(target, {
  set: function(target, property, value, receiver) {


The following parameters are passed to the set() method. this is bound to the handler.

The target object.
The name or Symbol of the property to set.
The new value of the property to set.

The object to which the assignment was originally directed. This is usually the proxy itself. But a set() handler can also be called indirectly, via the prototype chain or various other ways.

For example: Suppose a script does obj.name = "jen", and obj is not a proxy, and has no own property .name, but it has a proxy on its prototype chain. That proxy's set() handler will be called, and obj will be passed as the receiver.

Return value

The set() method should return a boolean value.

  • Return true to indicate that assignment succeeded.
  • If the set() method returns false, and the assignment happened in strict-mode code, a TypeError will be thrown.


The handler.set() method is a trap for setting property value.


This trap can intercept these operations:

  • Property assignment: proxy[foo] = bar and proxy.foo = bar
  • Inherited property assignment: Object.create(proxy)[foo] = bar
  • Reflect.set()


If the following invariants are violated, the proxy will throw a TypeError:

  • Cannot change the value of a property to be different from the value of the corresponding target object property if the corresponding target object property is a non-writable, non-configurable data property.
  • Cannot set the value of a property if the corresponding target object property is a non-configurable accessor property that has undefined as its [[Set]] attribute.
  • In strict mode, a false return value from the set() handler will throw a TypeError exception.


Trap setting of a property value

The following code traps setting a property value.

const p = new Proxy({}, {
  set: function(target, prop, value, receiver) {
    target[prop] = value;
    console.log('property set: ' + prop + ' = ' + value);
    return true;

console.log('a' in p);  // false

p.a = 10;               // "property set: a = 10"
console.log('a' in p);  // true
console.log(p.a);       // 10


Browser compatibilityUpdate compatibility data on GitHub

Chrome Edge Firefox Internet Explorer Opera Safari
set 49 12 18 No 36 10
Android webview Chrome for Android Firefox for Android Opera for Android Safari on iOS Samsung Internet
set 49 49 18 36 10 5.0
set 6.0.0

See also

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