The static Reflect.construct() method acts like the new operator, but as a function. It is equivalent to calling new target(...args). It gives also the added option to specify a different prototype.


Reflect.construct(target, argumentsList[, newTarget])


The target function to call.
An array-like object specifying the arguments with which target should be called.
newTarget Optional
The constructor whose prototype should be used. See also the new.target operator. If newTarget is not present, it is target.

Return value

A new instance of target (or newTarget, if present), initialized by target as a constructor with the given arguments.


A TypeError, if target or newTarget are not constructors.


Reflect.construct allows you to invoke a constructor with a variable number of arguments (which would also be possible by using the spread operator combined with the new operator).

var obj = new Foo(...args);
var obj = Reflect.construct(Foo, args);

Reflect.construct() vs Object.create()

Prior to the introduction of Reflect, objects could be constructed using an arbitrary combination of constructor and prototype by using Object.create().

function OneClass() {
    this.name = 'one';

function OtherClass() {
    this.name = 'other';

// Calling this:
var obj1 = Reflect.construct(OneClass, args, OtherClass);

// ...has the same result as this:
var obj2 = Object.create(OtherClass.prototype);
OneClass.apply(obj2, args);

console.log(obj1.name); // 'one'
console.log(obj2.name); // 'one'

console.log(obj1 instanceof OneClass); // false
console.log(obj2 instanceof OneClass); // false

console.log(obj1 instanceof OtherClass); // true
console.log(obj2 instanceof OtherClass); // true

However, while the end result is the same, there is one important difference in the process. When using Object.create() and Function.prototype.apply(), the new.target operator will point to undefined within the function used as the constructor, since the new keyword is not being used to create the object.

When invoking Reflect.construct(), on the other hand, the new.target operator will point to the newTarget parameter if supplied, or target if not.

function OneClass() {
function OtherClass() {

var obj1 = Reflect.construct(OneClass, args);
// Output:
//     OneClass
//     function OneClass { ... }

var obj2 = Reflect.construct(OneClass, args, OtherClass);
// Output:
//     OneClass
//     function OtherClass { ... }

var obj3 = Object.create(OtherClass.prototype);
OneClass.apply(obj2, args);
// Output:
//     OneClass
//     undefined


Using Reflect.construct()

var d = Reflect.construct(Date, [1776, 6, 4]);
d instanceof Date; // true
d.getFullYear(); // 1776


Browser compatibilityUpdate compatibility data on GitHub

Chrome Edge Firefox Internet Explorer Opera Safari
Basic support 49 12 42 No 36 10
Android webview Chrome for Android Edge Mobile Firefox for Android Opera for Android iOS Safari Samsung Internet
Basic support 49 49 Yes 42 36 10 5.0
Basic support 6.0.0

See also

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