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async function

The async function keyword can be used to define async functions inside expressions.

You can also define async functions using an async function statement.

Syntax

async function [name]([param1[, param2[, ..., paramN]]]) {
   statements
}

As of ES2015, you can also use arrow functions.

Parameters

name
The function name. Can be omitted, in which case the function is anonymous. The name is only local to the function body.
paramN
The name of an argument to be passed to the function.
statements
The statements which comprise the body of the function.

Description

An async function expression is very similar to, and has almost the same syntax as, an async function statement. The main difference between an async function expression and an async function statement is the function name, which can be omitted in async function expressions to create anonymous functions. An async function expression can be used as an IIFE (Immediately Invoked Function Expression) which runs as soon as it is defined. See also the chapter about functions for more information.

Examples

Simple example

function resolveAfter2Seconds(x) {
  return new Promise(resolve => {
    setTimeout(() => {
      resolve(x);
    }, 2000);
  });
};


const add = async function(x) { // async function expression assigned to a variable
  let a = await resolveAfter2Seconds(20);
  let b = await resolveAfter2Seconds(30);
  return x + a + b;
};

add(10).then(v => {
  console.log(v);  // prints 60 after 4 seconds.
});


(async function(x) { // async function expression used as an IIFE
  let p_a = resolveAfter2Seconds(20);
  let p_b = resolveAfter2Seconds(30);
  return x + await p_a + await p_b;
})(10).then(v => {
  console.log(v);  // prints 60 after 2 seconds.
});

Specifications

Browser compatibilityUpdate compatibility data on GitHub

Desktop
Chrome Edge Firefox Internet Explorer Opera Safari
async function expression 55 15 52 No 42 10.1
Mobile
Android webview Chrome for Android Firefox for Android Opera for Android Safari on iOS Samsung Internet
async function expression 55 55 52 42 10.3 6.0
Server
Node.js
async function expression 7.6.0
7.6.0
7.0.0
Disabled
Disabled From version 7.0.0: this feature is behind the --harmony runtime flag.

See also

© 2005–2018 Mozilla Developer Network and individual contributors.
Licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License v2.5 or later.
https://wiki.developer.mozilla.org/en-US/docs/Web/JavaScript/Reference/Operators/async_function